Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Mali

Map of Mali

September 30, 2019

Recurrent natural disasters and severe poverty contribute to hunger in Mali, while civil conflict since 2012 has exacerbated food insecurity and spurred population displacement.


  • Escalating intercommunal violence and attacks by armed groups in northern and central Mali are driving surging population displacement.  As of August 2019, the Government of Mali and the UN estimated that there were nearly 170,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Mali, compared to 63,000 IDPs reported in June 2018.
  • Malian households affected by conflict, displacement, or flooding continue to face limited livelihood opportunities, restricting their ability to meet basic needs.  These families are likely to face Stressed (IPC 2) levels of acute food insecurity through January 2020, the Famine Early Warning Systems Network reports.*  However, the ongoing rainy season will likely facilitate average to above-average crop production during Mali’s October-to-December main harvest, leading to Minimal (IPC 1) levels of acute food insecurity in most of the country through early 2020. 
  • Approximately 554,000 people in Mali required urgent food assistance from June–August, the March Cadre Harmonisé (CH) analysis indicates.*  Additionally, nutrition actors estimate that nearly 868,000 people across Mali, including 160,000 children projected to experience severe acute malnutrition, will require nutrition assistance in 2019.  

* The Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) is a standardized tool that aims to classify the severity and magnitude of food insecurity.  The IPC scale, comparable across countries, ranges from Minimal (IPC 1) to Famine (IPC 5). The CH, a similar tool used only in West Africa, has a separate scale ranging from Minimal (Phase 1) to Famine (Phase 5).


  • USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (FFP) collaborates with the UN World Food Program (WFP) to respond to the urgent food needs of vulnerable populations in Mali with cash-based or in-kind food assistance.  Through the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), FFP provides ready-to-use therapeutic food to treat an estimated 33,000 severely malnourished children. 
  • FFP works with non-governmental organization (NGO) partners to deliver food assistance to approximately 209,000 Malians who recently experienced crisis events like displacement or natural disasters.  These NGOs are also working to protect households’ livelihoods and reduce their vulnerability to destabilizing shocks, such as drought. 
  • FFP partners with NGO CARE to implement a long-term development intervention to benefit approximately 124,000 individuals in Mopti Region.  The activities aim to strengthen food and nutrition security among poor households, focusing on nutrition and hygiene promotion, livelihood diversification, and conflict reduction.  With FFP support, CARE also provides emergency food vouchers to assist 36,000 highly vulnerable, crisis-affected people in Mopti.

Food for Peace Contributions

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Fiscal Year 2019 $39.8 million 3,817 MT
Fiscal Year 2018 $45.4 million 8,427 MT
Fiscal Year 2017 $39.9 million 11,255 MT

* Metric tonnage does not reflect funding for vouchers or cash transfers. 


Country Specific Information

Related Resources



Last updated: November 13, 2019

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