Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Mali

April 17, 2017

Food Security Situation

Map of Mali
CIA World Factbook
  • Ranked 175 out of 188 countries in the 2016 United Nations Development Program’s Human Development Index, Mali is considered one of the poorest countries in the world.

  • Vulnerable Malians face chronic food insecurity and malnutrition due largely to recurrent environmental shocks such as drought and flooding and limited income generating opportunities. Additional challenges include low literacy and education levels, inadequate social services, and poor public infrastructure.

  • Civil conflict that started in 2012 has exacerbated the food security situation, especially in the north, and spurred massive displacement. While 2014 and 2015 saw the return of some displaced populations, continued instability has resulted in a slow return of public services. As of August 2016, there were still approximately 33,000 internally displaced persons in Mali and 135,000 refugees residing in neighboring countries. 

  • According to the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET), a significant decline in rice production in the Niger Delta of Mopti and the river valley of Timbuktu and Gao is resulting in an early lean season, placing vulnerable households in Stressed (IPC Phase 2) acute food insecurity from March to September.1

Food Assistance Programs

  • The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) provides assistance to food-insecure Malians nationwide through partnerships with the UN World Food Program (WFP), the UN Children's Fund (UNICEF), and non-governmental organizations (NGOs).

  • In response to the effects of conflict, FFP provides in-kind emergency food assistance through WFP for general food distributions, blanket supplementary feeding, and food-for-assets activities. FFP also supports local and regional purchase of food to support local production and markets. Through its NGO partners, FFP provides cash transfers and food vouchers to food-insecure Malians in the north to improve household access to staple foods and spur market recovery. These partners are also helping to restore community infrastructure, diversify livelihoods, and establish community-level early warning systems, among other activities.

  • Through UNICEF, FFP provides ready-to-use therapeutic food to children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM), alongside technical support for SAM treatment.

  • FFP partners with NGO CARE to implement a five-year, $45 million development program to improve the food security of more than 300,000 individuals in the Mopti region. Through a consortium of six organizations, the project aims to strengthen food, nutrition and income security among poor and extremely poor households and improve their resilience in the face of future shocks. Activities focus on health and nutrition promotion, prevention and treatment of malnutrition, improved literacy, livelihood diversification, and increased access to safe drinking water and sanitation. 

Food for Peace Contributions

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Fiscal Year 2017 $20 million 4,960 MT
Fiscal Year 2016 $31.7 million 6,986 MT
Fiscal Year 2015 $48.3 million 14,412 MT
Fiscal Year 2014 $35.8 million 18,989 MT
Fiscal Year 2013 $36.6 million 20,853 MT

Fiscal Year 2017 Contribution Breakdown:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
TItle II Development ---- ----
Title II Emergency $10 million 4,960 MT
Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP) $10 million ----

Food Security Situation information is provided by FEWS NET, UNHCR, UNICEF and WFP.
FY 2017 contribution based on funds obligated to date.

1: The Integrated Phase Classification (IPC) is a standardized tool that aims to classify the severity and magnitude of food insecurity. The IPC scale, which is comparable across countries, ranges from Minimal (IPC I) to Famine (IPC 5).

Country Specific Information

FY 2015 Mali Country Specific Information

2015 Mali BEST Analysis 

2015 Mali BEST Analysis Annexes

USAID Office of Food for Peace Food Security Desk Review for Mali, FY 2015—FY 2019

Last updated: April 18, 2017

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