- What We Do
- Agriculture and Food Security
- Democracy, Human Rights and Governance
- Economic Growth and Trade
- Ending Extreme Poverty
- Environment and Global Climate Change
- Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment
- Global Health
- Water and Sanitation
- Working in Crises and Conflict
- U.S. Global Development Lab
October 4, 2016
Food Security Situation
- Madagascar is prone to acute food insecurity due to frequent cyclones, flooding, droughts, and locust infestations. Over the past 35 years, more than 50 natural disasters have struck, affecting more than 11 million people.
- Approximately 1.1 million people are estimated to be food insecure during the peak of the lean season from January to March 2017, according to the Southern African Development Community (SADC). Food insecurity is expected to escalate in terms of severity and magnitude during the lean season due to the impacts of the El Niño-related drought.
- Three consecutive years of drought led to early exhaustion of main food stocks, limited labor opportunities, and well above-average staple food prices in southern Madagascar, according to the Famine Early Warning System Network (FEWS NET). As a result, poor households are expected to experience food consumption gaps and have limited capacity to cope and are expected to face Crisis Integrated Phase Classification (IPC) 3 outcomes through the end of the lean season.
Food Assistance Programs
- The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) has provided $13.5 million to WFP to address urgent food needs arising from the El Niño-related food crisis. FFP is providing food commodities purchased locally and regionally and from the United States to respond to the drought in the Astimo Andrefana, Androy, and Anosy regions.
- FFP development partners Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA) and Catholic Relief Services (CRS) have expanded their programs into the drought affected areas to provide emergency food assistance to over 100,000 additional people.
- FFP funds two five-year development projects in Madagascar, implemented by ADRA and CRS, in areas where chronic undernutrition rates are high. Through its program, ADRA aims to improve nutrition and health practices for reproductive women and children under five, ensure households produce or purchase enough food to meet their nutritional needs, and provide communities with the tools to respond to disasters and manage natural resources appropriately. Similarly, CRS aims to prevent under-nutrition and improve health among women and children under two, increase household incomes through agricultural practices, and strengthen community capacity to manage shocks. These two programs target more than 628,000 people in Madagascar.
Food for Peace Contributions
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Fiscal Year 2016*||$43.9 million||28,510 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2015||$8.4 million||8,090 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2014||$11.5 million||---|
|Fiscal Year 2013||$9.4 million||4,230 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2012||$18.9 million||20,180 MT|
Fiscal Year 2016 Contribution Breakdown:
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Title II Development||$30.4 million||19,570 MT|
|Title II Emergency||$13.5 million||8,940 MT|
|Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP)||---||---|
Note: EFSP: Emergency Food Security Program
Country Specific Guidance
- Madagascar Country Specific Information - FY 2014 RFA (PDF, 519 KB)
Last updated: October 04, 2016