Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Madagascar

July 12, 2016

Food Security Situation


  • Madagascar is prone to acute food insecurity due to frequent cyclones, flooding, droughts, and locust infestations. Over the past 35 years, more than 50 natural disasters have struck, affecting more than 11 million people. Approximately 665,000 people are currently food insecure and in need of urgent food assistance, according to a joint assessment conducted by the UN World Food Program (WFP) and UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Food insecurity is expected to escalate in terms of severity and magnitude in the next lean season due to the impacts of the El Niño-related drought.
  • According to The Famine Early Warning Systems Network, three consecutive years of drought have led to early exhaustion of main food stocks, limited labor opportunities, and well above-average staple food prices in Madagascar. Due to poor rainfall from El Niño, approximately 80 percent of crops during the May to June harvest have failed. As a result, poor households in several districts will face Crisis Integrated Phase Classification 3 from March to September 2016.

Food Assistance Programs

  • The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) provided $8 million to WFP to address urgent food needs arising from the El Niño-related food crisis. FFP is providing food commodities purchased locally and regionally and from the United States to respond to the drought in the Astimo Andrefana, Androy, and Anosy regions. FFP has also redirected $2.6 million of food stocks from its development projects to assist over 100,000 additional people impacted by drought. 
  • FFP funds two five-year development projects in Madagascar, implemented by Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA) and Catholic Relief Services (CRS), in areas where chronic undernutrition rates are high. Through its program, ADRA aims to improve nutrition and health practices for reproductive women and children under five, ensure households produce or purchase enough food to meet their nutritional needs, and provide communities with the tools to respond to disasters and manage natural resources appropriately. Similarly, CRS aims to prevent under-nutrition and improve health among women and children under two, increase household incomes through agricultural practices, and strengthen community capacity to manage shocks. These two programs target more than 628,000 people in southern Madagascar.


Food for Peace Contributions

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Fiscal Year 2016* $23.9 million 12,580 MT
Fiscal Year 2015 $5.2 million 3,300 MT
Fiscal Year 2014 $12 million ---
Fiscal Year 2013 $9.4 million 4,230 MT
Fiscal Year 2012 $18.9 million 20,180 MT

Fiscal Year 2016 Contribution Breakdown:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Title II Development $15.9 million 8,440 MT
Title II Emergency $8 million 4,140 MT
Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP) --- ---

*Includes 2,484 metric tons of development commodities re-directed to WFP worth $2.6 million

Note: EFSP: Emergency Food Security Program

Country Specific Guidance

Last updated: July 12, 2016

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