- What We Do
- Agriculture and Food Security
- Democracy, Human Rights and Governance
- Economic Growth and Trade
- Ending Extreme Poverty
- Environment and Global Climate Change
- Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment
- Global Health
- Water and Sanitation
- Working in Crises and Conflict
- U.S. Global Development Lab
December 21, 2016
Food Security Situation
Madagascar is prone to acute food insecurity due to frequent cyclones, flooding, droughts, and locust infestations. Over the past 35 years, more than 50 natural disasters have struck the country, affecting more than 11 million people.
- More than 1.5 million people are estimated to be food insecure in southern Madagascar during the peak of the lean season from January to March 2017, according to the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET). Food insecurity is expected to escalate in terms of severity and magnitude during the lean season due to the impacts of the El Niño-related drought.
- Three consecutive years of drought led to early exhaustion of main food stocks, limited labor opportunities, and well above-average staple food prices in southern Madagascar, according to FEWS NET. As a result, poor households are expected to experience food consumption gaps and face crisis- and emergency-level Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) 3 and 4 outcomes through the end of the lean season in March 2017. Although the rains have started in parts of southern Madagascar and climate conditions are expected to improve in the coming months, the recovery process will be slowed by below-normal staple food production and agricultural incomes and assets (such as livestock) that were depleted during the particularly difficult lean season.
Food Assistance Programs
- The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) provided $22.6 million to address urgent food needs arising from the El Niño-related food crisis in Fiscal Year (FY) 2015 and FY 2016. To date, FFP has provided $5 million in FY 2017. FFP’s funding has supported the provision of U.S.-sourced food assistance commodities as well as procurement of locally and regionally grown commodities to respond to the drought in the Androy, Astimo Andrefana, and Anosy regions.
- FFP funds two five-year development projects in Madagascar, implemented by Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA) and Catholic Relief Services (CRS), in areas where chronic undernutrition rates are high. In addition, these partners' programs have been temporarily expanded to enable them to provide emergency food assistance to over 100,000 people in drought-affected areas of the South. Through its development program, ADRA aims to improve nutrition and health practices among women of reproductive age and children under five, ensure households are able to produce or purchase enough food to meet their nutritional needs, and provide communities with the tools to respond to disasters and manage natural resources appropriately. Similarly, CRS’s development program aims to prevent under-nutrition and improve health among women and children under two, increase household incomes through improved agricultural practices, and strengthen community capacity to manage shocks. These two programs target more than 628,000 people in Madagascar.
Food for Peace Contributions
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Fiscal Year 2017||$5 million||3,100 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2016||$43.9 million||28,510 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2015||$8.4 million||8,090 MT|
Fiscal Year 2016 Contribution Breakdown:
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Title II Development||$30.4 million*||19,570 MT|
|Title II Emergency||$13.5 million||8,940 MT|
|Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP)||---||---|
*Includes more than $7 million for drought response provided through ADRA and CRS.
Note: EFSP: Emergency Food Security Program
Country Specific Guidance
- Madagascar Country Specific Information - FY 2014 RFA (PDF, 519 KB)
Last updated: December 21, 2016