Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Madagascar

Map of Madagascar
Map of Madagascar

April 6, 2018

Situation

  • Madagascar routinely faces a number of humanitarian challenges, including recurring natural disasters, disease outbreaks, banditry, pest infestations and acute food insecurity. According to the UN, 90 percent of people in Madagascar live below the international poverty line and more than 50 percent of children under the age of 5 are chronically malnourished.
  • According to the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET), poor farmers in areas of Atsimo Andrefana and Androy in the south will likely face Crisis (IPC 3)* levels of acute food insecurity through May as poor rainfall and crop pest infestations have  reduced agricultural production. Households in Anosy will remain in Stressed (IPC 2) levels through the same time period.
  • In early January, severe flooding caused by Cyclone Ava resulted in widespread crop loss in areas of Atsimo Atsinanana and Vatovavy Fitovinany, reducing food availability, interrupting livelihoods and leading to Crisis levels of acute food insecurity for poor households until May. With the coming harvest in June, FEWS NET projects household food security to improve to Stressed levels, although the risk of further harvest loss due to another cyclone will continue through April.

*The Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) is a standardized tool that aims to classify the severity and magnitude of food insecurity. The IPC scale, which is comparable across countries, ranges from Minimal (IPC 1) to Famine (IPC 5).  

Response

  • With support from USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (FFP), Catholic Relief Services (CRS) is addressing the urgent needs of approximately 60,000 people in Androy and Anosy with food assistance sourced from U.S. and food vouchers, which support local vendors. With FFP resources, CRS has also provided critical assistance to communities affected by Cyclone Ava and the March 11 bandit attack in Ambohimiera.
  • Through the UN World Food Program (WFP), FFP is targeting over 150,000 people with emergency food assistance throughout southern Madagascar using locally and regionally procured food, while also providing specialized nutritious foods for the prevention and treatment of malnutrition in children under the age of 5. With FFP support, WFP implements early recovery activities and the rehabilitation of essential community assets for communities affected by environmental shocks and strengthens the capacity of national government systems to lead emergency responses in Madagascar through technical and logistical assistance.
  • Additionally, FFP is partnering with CRS and the Adventist Development and Relief Agency to implement multi-year development programs, which build community resilience, protect and enhance livelihoods, as well as strengthen food and nutrition security. These activities provide FFP with the opportunity to address the underlying causes of food insecurity and malnutrition, including maternal and child health, natural resource management and agricultural production.

Food for Peace Contributions

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Fiscal Year 2018 $5.8 million 6,901 MT
Fiscal Year 2017 $28.8 million 15,627 MT
Fiscal Year 2015 $46.6 million 31,483 MT

 


Country Specific Guidance

Last updated: April 09, 2018

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