In early 2014, the USAID Reading Together Project developed the National Basic Reading Requirements. In April 2014, USAID conducted an Elementary Grade Reading Assessment (EGRA) in 130 schools in the Kyrgyz Republic. EGRA results showed that only 26% of teachers use effective and innovative methods of teaching reading. It was also found that only 10% of Grade 1 & 2 students and 1% in Grade 4 meet the country’s National Basic Reading Requirements. These findings are troubling, particularly because poor reading skills negatively influence student success in all other school subjects and considerably limit their ability to obtain new knowledge.
Many citizens of the Kyrgyz Republic lack basic legal knowledge. This question is especially acute in remote areas where there are few lawyers or legal advice services. As a result, citizens face a variety of challenges from registering their land and property rights to receiving basic identity documents such as passports and birth certificates. In some families this problem has been passed from generation to generation: if parents do not have passports, they cannot obtain birth certificates for their children, who later cannot receive passports of their own. Another common issue is people who do not have official citizenship: many people still have Soviet Union passports, which are no longer valid, and thus they cannot access important basic services, receive state benefits or travel outside the country.
With MDR-TB a growing problem nationwide, Kyrgyzstan’s National TB Program (NTP) and the Ministry of Health (MoH), in collaboration with the USAID-funded TB CARE I project, led by the KNCV Tuberculosis Foundation, have joined forces to address this serious health challenge. National guidelines and protocols on MDR-TB, aligned with WHO recommendations, were developed and approved to facilitate an improved national treatment program.
In Kyrgyzstan, where the prevention, detection and treatment of tuberculosis is a major public health concern, new methods of patient-centered care are being developed to combat the disease. With the support of the USAID-funded TB CARE I project, the Kyrgyz National TB Program has begun piloting full outpatient care, allowing TB patients to be treated without hospitalization. The pilot, currently involving 72 patients, is taking place in the urban setting of Bishkek, the country’s capital, with the treatment success rate 86%.
Despite increased investment in tuberculosis (TB) prevention and treatment over the last decade, the National Tuberculosis Program (NTP) and policymakers in Kyrgyzstan were not directing sufficient attention to infection control (IC). The number of infections acquired by patients and health care workers in hospitals and other health care facilities was an indicator of the problem. In 2011 alone, 42 health care workers contracted TB and in 2012 the number of cases increased. Moreover, outdated regulations were contributing to delays in TB diagnosis and treatment. The seriousness of the situation finally forced Kyrgyz authorities to address long-overdue revisions to national IC policies and practices, with assistance from the USAID-funded TB CARE I project.
Last updated: May 11, 2015