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December 1, 2013

Water is a vital resource given the Kyrgyz Republic‟s dry climate, which is used not only for production, but also for livelihoods and many other purposes, making dependency of rural population on it even stronger. In the case of irrigation water, the predicament arises from competition to use more of a scarce resource. The growing competition over access to irrigation water has been fueling conflicts in many rural areas. Seasonal water scarcity during agricultural season from April to September is especially acute in the south of the country, where due to limited areas of arable land, high population density, lack of off-farm employment possibilities, the majority of farms are smallholding farmers, with tiny plots of approximately 0.2 ha per household.

ACTED, the implementing partner for the Conflict Mitigation through Targeted Analysis and Community Action (COMTACA) Project funded by the USAID, in its aim to directly support local communities and the Government in its will to identify vectors of conflicts, dispute mechanism and peace building activities contracted RDF to undertake multiple actions. It explored the origins and drivers of conflicts around irrigation water, as well identified courses of action for government, civil society, or community leaders to relieve or resolve existing or emerging disputes over access to and use of irrigation water in the South of Kyrgyz Republic. The research employed various qualitative methods, such as desk review of major legal and background information, focus group discussions, expert interviews, and in-depth interviews of major stakeholders.

November 1, 2013

The Kyrgyz Republic is the only freely elected parliamentary democracy in post-Soviet Central Asia, and in 2011, was the first in the region to experience a peaceful transfer of presidential power.

Water and Hope Flow Back into Kyrgyzstan's Hard-Hit South

Renovation of Soviet-era irrigation system brings 10,000 hectares of farmland back to life.

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Last updated: July 12, 2021

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