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Health, Population and Nutrition

Speeches Shim

indoor residual spraying to reduce the presence of malaria-carrying mosquitoes in homes.
Malaria is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in Kenya. USAID supports malaria treatment and prevention activities, including indoor residual spraying of homes to reduce the presence of malaria-carrying mosquitoes.
Alex Kamweru for USAID

OVERVIEW

USAID supports Kenya’s health sector with high-impact, evidence-based interventions.  Most interventions in the health sector are at the county level.  We work with the Government of Kenya, counties, local institutions, faith-based organizations, and the private sector on:

  • HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment
  • Malaria prevention and treatment
  • Tuberculosis (TB) control and treatment
  • Global health security
  • Reproductive, maternal, newborn, child, and adolescent health
  • Nutrition
  • Water, sanitation, and hygiene

By building the capacity of Kenyan institutions and individuals to provide citizens and households with efficient, affordable, equitable, and quality health services, USAID is helping Kenya become stable, resilient, and prosperous.

PROGRAM AREAS

Strengthening Health Systems 

USAID works with the Government of Kenya to build health systems that are responsive to the needs of individuals, families, and communities.  USAID also supports improvements in the health workforce; health information systems; supply chain management; health financing; and leadership and governance.  We have made significant investments to improve the supply chain management for HIV, malaria, and family planning initiatives.  USAID also supports the Government of Kenya to improve the collection, verification, and use of health data.

Global Health Security

USAID’s Global Health Security program aims to strengthen the capacity of partner governments, universities and research institutions; the private sector, and civil society for the prevention, preparedness, detection, and response to infectious disease threats, including antimicrobial resistance.  Recognizing the interconnection between the health of humans, wild and domestic animals, and their shared environment, USAID works across these sectors applying a One Health approach to strengthen their health systems and achieve program objectives.

USAID has supported Kenya in establishing community-based surveillance for infectious diseases; zoonotic diseases surveillance and laboratory detection protocols; One Health coordination mechanisms among ministries and other partners; and a regional university network to strengthen One Health education.  USAID also helped respond to outbreaks in both humans and animals, including the 2018 and 2021 Rift Valley Fever outbreaks; 2019 anthrax outbreak, and COVID-19.

Controlling HIV Epidemic

USAID works through the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) to combat the HIV/AIDS epidemic.  Launched in 2003, PEPFAR represents the largest U.S. Government investment in HIV globally.  This initiative enables Kenyans living with HIV/AIDS to access treatment.  PEPFAR  also shares information to end the spread of the disease from mother to child and partner to partner.  As a result of U.S. Government efforts, more Kenyans are being tested for HIV and being put on antiretroviral therapy.  HIV programming focuses on palliative care, orphans and vulnerable children, nutrition, home-based care, and other related services. 

Reducing the Burden of Malaria

Malaria is one of the leading causes of sickness and death in Kenya.  The U.S. President’s Malaria Initiative (PMI), a collaboration between the U.S. Government and Government of Kenya, expands malaria prevention and treatment measures.  USAID procures and distributes malaria medicines to health facilities.  USAID also provides insecticide-treated bed nets in communities and malaria prophylaxis to pregnant women.  In addition, USAID supports indoor spraying to reduce the presence of malaria-carrying mosquitoes in homes.

Controlling Tuberculosis

TB remains the leading infectious disease killer globally. USAID strengthens Kenya’s National Tuberculosis and Lung Disease Program by improving diagnostics, increasing access to treatment, and combating drug-resistant TB and HIV-associated TB.  USAID launched “The Global Accelerator to End Tuberculosis,” which will leverage resources from countries, private-sector partners, and other local organizations.  These resources will help Kenya meet the UN General Assembly's TB targets:

  • Treat 40 million people with TB by 2022
  • Start 30 million people on TB preventive therapy

Preventing Maternal and Child Deaths

Kenya has made great strides in reducing child deaths, with a nearly 30 percent decline in child and infant death between 2008 and 2014, according to the most recently available national demographic and health surveys.  Newborns and young children have a better chance to reach their full potential thanks to improvements in postnatal care.  USAID continues to combat the main causes of maternal and child deaths.  Work focuses on all aspects of service delivery systems, which includes:

  • Prenatal care
  • Skilled birth attendance
  • Essential newborn care
  • Postpartum care
  • Voluntary reproductive health services
  • Routine immunizations
  • Enhanced nutrition practices
  • Improved water, hygiene, and sanitation at the household level


Overview: Health, Population and Nutrition

Health Systems Strengthening

HIV/AIDS Care and Treatment

HIV/AIDS Prevention

Preventing Maternal and Child Deaths

Reducing the Burden of Malaria

Activity Fact Sheets

Last updated: June 03, 2021

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