Cameroon is rich in natural resources and is a transportation hub for goods going to Chad and Central African Republic. The republic is dominated by a strong central government and a longstanding president. Human rights problems persist despite some improvement. Economic success has not sufficiently raised the health levels of the population: life expectancy, under-5 mortality, and maternal mortality in Cameroon are worse than the regional average. The rate of HIV infection is 4.3 percent – among the highest in West and Central Africa region. Although there are improvements to be made in educational enrollment, over three-quarters of the population is literate. About 40% of the population lives below the poverty line of $2/day.
Our programs focus on conserving key forest resources, making sustainable improvements to healthcare and fighting HIV/AIDS. Programs financed through the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) are the largest health activity in Cameroon with focus on ensuring access to HIV/AIDS prevention, care, and treatment services for key populations; strengthening systems and services for orphans and vulnerable children; procurement of life-saving HIV/AIDS-medications, and improving access to pharmaceuticals.
USAID also contributes to the Global Health Security Agenda (GHSA) program which assists the Government of Cameroon to prevent, detect, and respond to infectious disease threats, including those that originate from animals. The neglected tropical diseases program is fighting disease that can be cured or preventing by distributing drugs donated by the pharmaceutical industry. There is some funding for family planning and malaria programs.
The Food for Peace program, in partnership with the World Food Program, is focusing on refugees and internally displaced persons, in the North in relation to the Boko Haram conflict and in the East because of the situation in the Central African Republic.
USAID is presently preparing activities financed by the Presidential initiative PowerAfrica.
Last updated: December 16, 2015