Flooding throughout East and Central Africa has affected more than 3 million people.
Heavy rainfall and resultant flooding and landslides in Uganda's Eastern Region in late July 2022 adversely affected nearly 100,000 people, resulted in the deaths of at least 29 individuals, and displaced at least 5,000 households, according to relief actors. The flooding and landslides also damaged latrines and sewer systems, exacerbating the transmission risk of communicable diseases in affected areas. Affected populations required emergency food, health, shelter, and water, sanitation, and hygiene assistance. The Government of Uganda established an emergency operations center to coordinate relief activities and requested international humanitarian assistance to meet associated humanitarian needs.
On August 18, U.S. Ambassador Natalie E. Brown issued a declaration of humanitarian need/disaster declaration due to the heavy rainfall and flooding in Uganda. In response, USAID's Bureau for Humanitarian Assistance (USAID/BHA) approved the use of the USAID/BHA-funded East and Central Africa Rapid Response Fund by a Catholic Relief Services-led consortium to provide immediate multipurpose cash assistance to affected populations.
Uganda is susceptible to a range of natural disasters, including floods, food insecurity, and drought. In addition, Uganda hosts nearly 1.4 million refugees, primarily from South Sudan and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, making it the third-largest refugee-hosting country in the world. rotection, education, and food assistance remain the primary humanitarian needs among refugee populations in Uganda.