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Sudanese Family
USAID/OFDA supports partners to provide life-saving health; nutrition; water, sanitation, and hygiene support, along with other critical assistance to conflict-affected households in Sudan.
AFP Photo/Ashraf Shazly

Key Developments

An above-average number of households in Sudan will face emergency food assistance needs in 2021 due to the persistent macroeconomic crisis and increased health care needs associated with a recent increase in coronavirus disease (COVID-19) infections, as well as an ongoing influx of Ethiopian refugees from Tigray Region, according to a December report by the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET).  

IPC analysis estimates that 7.1 million people required emergency food assistance between October and December; FEWS NET anticipates high food assistance needs through at least mid-2021. 

More than 56,000 Ethiopian refugees enter eastern Sudan between early November and January 5; The Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees and the Government of Sudan open second camp to host refugees. 

World Food Program provides food assistance to more than 250,000 people affected by unprecedented flooding.   


Sudan continues to cope with the effects of conflict, economic shocks, and recurrent environmental hazards, such as drought and flooding, resulting in 5.5 million in need of humanitarian assistance. This includes 1.7 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Darfur, 235,000 IDPs in the government controlled parts of the Two Areas of South Kordofan and Blue Nile states, and up to 545,000 IDPs residing in locations in the Two Areas that are not under government control. USAID is addressing the acute and protracted needs of conflict-affected populations in Sudan by prioritizing integrated activities in health, nutrition, and water, sanitation, and hygiene. The United States has declared a disaster in Sudan each year since 1987 due to the ongoing complex emergency. As the largest international donor of humanitarian assistance in Sudan, the United States continues to provide impartial, needs-based assistance to vulnerable and conflict-affected populations.

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    Last updated: February 17, 2021

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