With funding from USAID/OFDA, Near East Foundation (NEF) distributes cash vouchers to beneficiaries in Mopti Region
With funding from USAID/OFDA, Near East Foundation (NEF) distributes cash vouchers to beneficiaries in Mopti Region, central Mali, in July 2013.

Latest Mali Fact Sheet

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Key Developments

Coronavirus disease has begun to spread in Mali; USAID partners are adapting their programs in response. 

On March 19, the UN launched the 2020 Humanitarian Response Plan for Mali, requesting more than $390 million to provide humanitarian assistance to 3.6 million people countrywide in 2020. The UN estimates that 4.3 million people will require emergency aid in Mali, representing a more than 10 percent increase from July 2019. 

Persistent insecurity and intercommunal violence displaced nearly 100,000 people from February 2019 to February 2020, bringing the total number of internally displaced persons  in Mali to approximately 219,000 people, according to the UN. 

The U.S. Government continues to assist vulnerable populations in Mali and Malian refugees in the region, providing nearly $13.6 million to date in FY 2020 to support humanitarian programs.   


Since 2012, conflict in northern Mali has resulted in displacement, violence, and food insecurity. Improvements in the availability of food and basic services and security conditions in some parts of the country resulted in the return of approximately 60,200 displaced people to areas of origin; however, the UN reported that approximately 55,400 people remained internally displaced, while 141,000 Malians had fled to neighboring countries as of July 2017. Prolonged displacement, disrupted trade flows, and constrained humanitarian access continued to increase vulnerabilities among affected families, according to the UN.

On October 13, 2016, U.S. Ambassador Paul A. Folsmbee reissued a disaster declaration due to the ongoing complex emergency in Mali. In response, USAID  supported food-insecure and vulnerable internally displaced persons and host community members through projects that aimed to reactivate agricultural production, restore food security, and revitalize livelihood activities. In addition, USAID improved access to emergency health care, protection services, safe drinking water, and sanitation infrastructure. USAID also funded technical support and data collection on internally displaced persons, returnees, and host communities to ensure effective, appropriate assistance.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: June 16, 2020

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