Madagascar

Speeches Shim

USAID is working with partners in Madagascar to respond to persistent drought conditions by repairing water points and distributing food to vulnerable households.
USAID is working with partners in Madagascar to respond to persistent drought conditions by repairing water points and distributing food to vulnerable households.
Sedera Ramanitra, Catholic Relief Services

Key Developments

Prolonged drought conditions, poor agricultural output, and the negative socio-economic effects of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, heightened acute food insecurity and malnutrition across southern Madagascar by early 2021. Persistent drought conditions resulted in below-average levels of food production and limited livelihoods for agro-pastoral households, particularly in southern Madagascar's Androy, Anosy, and Atsimo-Andrefana regions.  As a result, an estimated 1.3 million people require emergency food assistance and more than 135,000 children require treatment for wasting—the deadliest form of malnutrition—during the November 2020 to April 2021 lean season, according to December 2020 Integrated Food Security Phase Classification projections. Continued drought conditions also generate significant health and water, sanitation, and hygiene needs among affected populations.

On February 3, U.S. Ambassador to Madagascar Michael P. Pelletier declared a disaster in response to the drought in southern Madagascar.  In response, USAID’s Bureau for Humanitarian Assistance provided $100,000 to a partner organization for the rehabilitation of water wells in drought-affected areas.  

 USAID is also responding to disasters in neighboring Southern Africa countries.

Background

Madagascar experiences a variety of natural hazards, including tropical cyclones, drought, flooding, and recurrent locust infestations. USAID’s response strategy in Madagascar focuses on addressing urgent humanitarian needs while investing in disaster risk reduction programs that strengthen the ability of communities to prepare for and mitigate the effects of disasters. Activities have included supporting conservation agriculture, locust control efforts, and helping flood-affected communities adapt to decrease their vulnerability to flooding.

 

 

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Last updated: March 09, 2021

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