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A USAID/OFDA staff member (foreground) meets with a men’s group in Chad while conducting a field visit
A USAID/OFDA staff member (foreground) meets with a men’s group in Chad while conducting a field visit to assess conditions during the 2012 food insecurity crisis.
Terry Wollen/USAID

Key Developments

USAID is responding to the complex emergency in the Lake Chad Basin region, including areas of Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, and Niger.

Security conditions have worsened in parts of the Lake Chad Basin in recent months as organized armed groups continue to attack civilians, particularly in northeastern Nigeria and Cameroon’s Far North Region. The ongoing conflict in the Lake Chad Basin, along with climatic shocks and extreme poverty continue to fuel a displacement crisis in the region. As of September 24, the region was hosting nearly 5.1 million internally displaced persons, refugees, recent returnees, and other migrants.

Heavy rainfall intensified beginning in late July and led to large-scale flooding across Central and West Africa—including much of the Lake Chad Basin—which has damaged cropland, houses, transportation systems, and other infrastructure and led to displacement in affected areas. 

Community transmission of COVID-19 is ongoing across the Lake Chad Basin, and travel restrictions and other measures meant to prevent the spread of COVID-19 continue to negatively affect humanitarian conditions. Although humanitarian actors are providing food assistance in accessible areas of the Lake Chad Basin, the ongoing conflict continues to generate widespread food insecurity, which has been exacerbated in recent months by large-scale flooding and the COVID-19 pandemic.

Please visit our web page for additional information.


Attacks by Boko Haram in Lac, which began in January 2015, continue to prompt displacement—including population movement of Chadian returnees and refugees from neighboring Nigeria—and exacerbate food insecurity and other humanitarian needs. Deteriorating security conditions in the region have also impeded humanitarian response efforts. On December 17, 2019, U.S. Chargé d’Affaires Jessica Davis Ba redeclared a disaster for FY 2020 due to the ongoing complex emergency in Chad.



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Last updated: August 10, 2021

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