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Displaced children using a water pump in Rakhine State, Burma.
Displaced children using a water pump in Rakhine State, Burma.
Brian Heidel/USAID

Latest Burma/Bangladesh
Fact Sheets


Key Developments

Insecurity and violence across Burma continue to drive displacement and compound humanitarian needs. The UN estimates 3 million people require humanitarian assistance in Burma as of July.

U.S. Ambassador to the UN Linda Thomas-Greenfield announces an additional $50 million in humanitarian funding for Burma.

Bangladesh launches a COVID-19 vaccination campaign in Cox’s Bazar District, and the USG donates 5.5 million vaccines to the country in response to a surge in COVID-19 cases.

Monsoon flooding in late July and early August affects more than 48,000  people in Burma and 71,000 people in Bangladesh.

Rakhine Crisis

After a period of relative stability, the conflict intensified again in August 2017, following renewed attacks on checkpoints and police posts and subsequent military operations in northern Rakhine, prompting significant population displacement and humanitarian need. More than 855,000 people have fled to Bangladesh due to military operations and intercommunal violence in Rakhine. In addition to providing humanitarian assistance in Burma, USAID is providing food and nutrition assistance in Bangladesh.


Ongoing conflicts in multiple states of Burma have resulted in increased internal displacement and humanitarian needs in recent years. In June 2011, a ceasefire between the GoB and the KIO broke down, leading to an upsurge in conflict and associated displacement. In western Burma’s Rakhine State, several bouts of ethnic clashes starting in June 2012 resulted in casualties, property damage, and internal displacement. In Mandalay Region, clashes between Buddhist and Muslim residents of Meiktila city in March 2013 resulted in significant displacement and property damage in Meiktila and surrounding areas.

In addition, Burma faces a number of natural hazards, particularly cyclones, floods, and earthquakes. In May 2008, Cyclone Nargis made landfall in Burma’s Irrawaddy Delta, killing more than 84,000 people and devastating Burma’s agriculture sector and fishing industry.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: August 20, 2021

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