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Brazil Crisis
USAID is supporting the Government of Brazil's emergency response in Roraima State, where the flow of people fleeing Venezuela has tripled in 2018.

Key Developments

Heavy rainfall across southeastern Brazil's Bahia, Minas Gerais, and Rio de Janeiro states between December and February caused severe flooding and landslides that has resulted in more than 200 deaths, thousands of injuries, the displacement of hundreds of thousands of individuals, as well as the damage and destruction of homes and infrastructure.

In response, USAID provided $100,000 in immediate assistance to support people affected by recent severe flooding in the Bahia State of Brazil, which impacted nearly 800,000 people, including displacing more than 73,000 people from their homes.

Additionally, USAID provided $100,000 to the Adventist Development Relief Agency to support the local procurement and distribution of emergency relief supplies for landslide-affected populations in Rio de Janeiro's Petrópolis city, where landslides displaced approximately 3,000 people and resulted in at least 176 deaths.

USAID is responding to a complex emergency as Venezuelans flee an economic and political crisis and arrive in neighboring countries including Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru.

Brazil continues to experience the largest COVID-19 outbreak in South America. While Venezuelans in Brazil can access public health services, both Venezuelans and vulnerable host populations are struggling to access income-generating opportunities and meet other basic needs during the COVID-19 crisis. With nearly $39 million in FY 2020 funding, the U.S. Government supports partners to provide emergency food and nutrition assistance and conduct livelihood, shelter, and WASH interventions for vulnerable Venezuelan migrants and host community members in Brazil.


Since 2014, deteriorating economic and political conditions in Venezuela—marked by devastating hyperinflation, shortages of basic medicines, and limited food availability—have contributed to increasing humanitarian needs. The 2021 UN Humanitarian Response Plan identified food security, health, nutrition, and protection as urgent needs inside Venezuela. Severe food and medicine shortages have contributed to Venezuelans fleeing to other countries in the region, primarily to Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru, and also to Argentina, Mexico, Panama, and Caribbean and Central American countries. The UN estimates that more than 5.6 million Venezuelans have left their country since 2014.

The population influx is straining the capacity of public services in some host communities, particularly in border areas of Brazil and Colombia. Recent assessments indicate food, health care services, nutrition assistance, protection, and WASH support are among the most urgent humanitarian needs of Venezuelans and host communities in border regions.

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Last updated: November 09, 2022

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