The Cap Haïtien Port is one of Haiti’s two international seaports, second to Port-au-Prince, and one of nine primary port facilities in Haiti. Located in the Bay of Cap Haïtien, the port sits on Haiti’s northern coast. It provides direct access to the markets in the northern departments of the country, which are largely geographically separated from the capital city and its port facilities by mountain ranges. It serves approximately 10 percent of the country’s nearly 10 million people. The Cap Haïtien Port’s centrally located geographic position in the Caribbean Basin enables direct shipping services to the United States and the opportunity for single connections to major global hubs throughout the region.
Local institutions - private sector partners, civil society organizations, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), cooperatives, associations and universities - serve as engines of growth and opportunity in Haiti. A key part of the United States Agency for International Development’s (USAID) strategy is to improve the capacity of local Haitian institutions and organizations, while at the same time ensuring rigorous oversight of its assistance funds. Empowering the people of Haiti is critical, and USAID is working to help strengthen local organizations through partnerships, in addition to maintaining its close traditional partnership with the Government of Haiti (GOH). By forming local partnerships, USAID makes its work more effective and sustainable, and reduces the need for foreign aid over time.
Inadequate and insufficient healthcare facilities have been a significant roadblock to improving poor healthcare services in Haiti for generations. According to the Ministry of Health, even before the earthquake, Haiti’s health care system was not capable to respond to the population’s need for basic healthcare services. The 2010 earthquake worsened the situation, destroying 50 healthcare centers as well as the Ministry of Health building and further limiting access to healthcare for Haitians. The earthquake also destroyed part of Haiti’s primary teaching hospital, disrupting the education of future healthcare professionals. The challenges resulting from this deficit are compounded by other serious infrastructure shortfalls such as the poor conditions of remaining structures and the lack of clean water and adequate sanitation.
A longstanding challenge in Haiti, the deficit of adequate, affordable housing was significantly exacerbated by the 2010 earthquake. The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) has played a critical role in the housing and settlements sector in Haiti both during the immediate response to the 2010 earthquake and now as Haiti works to rebuild. Having shifted gears from essential emergency relief to long-term development, USAID is now concentrating on finding solutions to barriers for adequate supply of affordable housing stock in the country. By collaborating with the Government of Haiti (GOH) and leveraging key partnerships, USAID is focusing on upgrading infrastructure in existing neighborhoods and increasing access to housing finance. This approach builds on Haitian citizens’ own efforts to secure improved housing and create settlements solutions themselves.
Haiti reports some of the world’s worst health indicators; these numbers reflect a reality, which continues to inhibit citizens’ full participation in the development of a prosperous and stable nation. While Haiti has struggled with poor health outcomes for generations, the already weak health system was further debilitated by the 2010 earthquake, which demolished 50 health centers, part of Haiti’s primary teaching hospital, and the Ministry of Health. Only months later, Haiti’s health care network was further tried by the country’s first cholera outbreak in a century.
Last updated: January 13, 2017