While Haiti’s Constitution protects women from workplace discrimination as well as physical and sexual abuse, and guarantees the right to political participation, in practice women routinely face exclusion and harassment in public and private life. Women seeking political office face considerable obstacles, including patriarchal attitudes toward leadership, lack of financial support, and threats of violence and intimidation.
Haiti is facing two energy challenges: a broken electricity sector and dependency on charcoal. The electricity sector in Haiti is among the most challenged in the region. Only about one-quarter of the population had access to electricity prior to the 2010 earthquake, and that remains the case today. Of these consumers, half were connected to the electrical grid illegally.
Inadequate and insufficient healthcare facilities have been a significant roadblock to improving poor healthcare services in Haiti for generations. According to the Ministry of Health, even before the 2010 earthquake, Haiti’s healthcare system was not able to respond to the needs for basic healthcare services. The earthquake worsened the situation, destroying 50 healthcare centers as well as the Ministry of Health building. This further limited access to healthcare for Haitians.
The Cap Haïtien Port is one of Haiti’s three international seaports, second to Port-au-Prince, and one of nine primary port facilities in Haiti. Located in the Bay of Cap Haïtien, the port sits on Haiti’s northern coast. It provides direct access to the markets in the northern departments of the country that are geographically separated from the capital city and its port facilities by mountain ranges. The Cap Haïtien Port serves approximately 10 percent of the country’s nearly 10 million people.
Democracy, Human Rights & Governance Fact Sheet (2017)
Last updated: March 24, 2017