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Accessible, efficient, and dependable energy resources (electricity in particular) are key elements to advance and promote Haiti’s long-term development objectives. However, modernizing Haiti’s energy sector is a challenge. Haiti’s power sector is one of the weakest in the Western Hemisphere. Even prior to the January 12, 2010, earthquake, some seven million people were without power; only an estimated 25 percent of the population had access to electricity services, and half of those were illegally connected to the power grid; and the average person in Port-au-Prince had access to electricity only 10 hours per day.

In 2010, the combined technical and commercial losses of electricity were approximately 75 percent, according to World Bank data. In 2012, the Inter-American Development Bank estimated that Electricite d'Haiti (EDH)―the government-owned electrical utility―requires an annual Government of Haiti subsidy of more than $170 million a year to maintain its operations.

U.S. Government Strategy

The U.S. Government aims to improve access to and the reliability of electricity in Haiti, promote clean alternatives to charcoal use, and explore clean renewable energy options. The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) is working with the Government of Haiti to modernize the electricity sector and expand the generation, transmission, and distribution of electricity in targeted economic corridors and associated underserved communities. For example, USAID supported the rehabilitation and upgrade in Port-au-Prince of five critical electricity substations to reduce losses and strengthen the capacity of EDH to provide quality service to its customers. This effort has doubled the capacity of the substations and enabled improved electricity service for more potential clients in the metro area.

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Last updated: August 26, 2015

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