Uganda: Nutrition Profile

Speeches Shim

Uganda is one of the fastest growing economies in Africa. Feed the Future is helping increase opportunities for smallholder farmers like Alice Monigo in Uganda by providing trainings for women.
  • Uganda

    Flag of Uganda

  • Population

    42.7 Million

  • Pop. Under 5

    7.5 Million

  • % Stunting

    29% Of Children Under 5

  • % Wasting

    4% Of Children Under 5

Photo credit: CNFA

Malnutrition in childhood and pregnancy has many adverse consequences for child survival and long-term well-being. It also has far-reaching consequences for human capital, economic productivity, and national development overall. The consequences of malnutrition should be a significant concern for policymakers in Uganda, where nationally, 33 percent of children under age five are stunted (have low height-for-age), while 4 percent are acutely malnourished or wasted (have low weight-for-height) according to the most recent Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) (UBOS and ICF 2018).

USAID Programs: Accelerating Progress in Nutrition

The U.S. Government selected Uganda as one of 12 Feed the Future target countries for focused investment under the new US Government Global Food Security Strategy (GFSS). USAID is the lead agency implementing Feed the Future, the US Government’s global hunger and food security initiative. In Uganda, Feed the Future is in 38 focus districts in four geographic areas: northern Uganda, Karamoja, southwest Uganda, and eastern Uganda. The Feed the Future Uganda strategy focuses on three main components: nutrition, resilience, and agriculture. Uganda’s GFSS Country Plan adopts a market systems approach to improve the functioning of the agricultural market to sustainably reduce hunger, malnutrition, and poverty, as well as to increase the resilience of people and systems. Feed the Future targets three types of value chains: (1) nutritious foods, commodities, and staples as the agricultural component, (2) facility- and community-based prevention and treatment of malnutrition as the nutrition component, and (3) a community-level integrated approach to connect the two. The Global Food Security Country Plan also incorporates a strong gender focus, recognizing women as caregivers and producers and processers of food. Approximately 70 percent of smallholder farmers are women, but they own only 8 percent of farming land and largely do not participate in decision-making related to agriculture.

As of April 2020, the following USAID programs with a focus on nutrition were active in Uganda.

  • Agriculture Research Activity
  • Communication for Healthy Communities (CHC)
  • Bureau for Humanitarian Assistance (BHA)
  • HarvestPlus Meals for Nutrition in Uganda (MENU)
  • Inclusive Agriculture Markets (IAM)
  • Integrated Community Agriculture and Nutrition (ICAN)
  • Nutrition Surveillance
  • Regional Health Integration to Enhance Services in Eastern Uganda (RHITES-E)
  • Regional Health Integration to Enhance Services in East Central Uganda (RHITES-EC)
  • Regional Health Integration to Enhance Services in North Acholi (RHITES-NA)
  • Regional Health Integration to Enhance Services in North Lango (RHITES-NL)
  • Regional Health Integration to Enhance Services in Southwest Uganda (RHITES-SW)
  • Social and Behavior Change Activity (SBCA)
  • Strategic Information Technical Support Project (SITES)
  • Uganda Health Systems Strengthening Project (UHSSP)
  • USAID Maternal Child Health and Nutrition (USAID MCHN) Activity


For more information, read the Uganda country profile [PDF, 259KB].

Last updated: August 20, 2021

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