Ethiopia: Nutrition Profile

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Children carry school lunches provided by the World Food Program in Ethiopia.
  • Ethiopia

    Flag of Ethiopia

  • Population

    109.2 Million

  • Pop. Under 5

    16.3 Million

  • % Stunting

    37% Of Children Under 5

  • % Wasting

    7% Of Children Under 5

Photo credit: Lillian deValcourt-Ayala/USUN Rome

Malnutrition in childhood and pregnancy has many adverse consequences for child survival and long-term well-being. It also has far-reaching consequences for human capital, economic productivity, and national development overall. The consequences of malnutrition should be a significant concern for policymakers in Ethiopia, where 7 percent of children under five are acutely malnourished or wasted (have low weight-for-height) and 37 percent are stunted (have a low height-for-age), according to the most recent Mini-Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) 2019 (EPHI and ICF International 2019).

USAID Programs: Accelerating Progress in Nutrition

As of April 2020, the following USAID programs with a focus on nutrition were active in Ethiopia. The U.S. Government also selected Ethiopia as a priority country for USAID’s Bureau of Global Health and the Bureau for Humanitarian Assistance, and it is one of 12 Feed the Future target countries for focused investment under the new U.S. Government Global Food Security Strategy.

  • Feed the Future Growth through Nutrition
  • Feed the Future Ethiopia Value Chain Activity
  • Feed the Future Ethiopia Livelihoods for Resilience Activity (two awards)
  • Food for Peace Development Food Security Activities
  • Feed the Future Ethiopia Resilience in Pastoral Areas (two awards)
  • Transform: Health in Developing Regions
  • Transform: Primary Health Care
  • Transform: Water, Sanitation and Hygiene
  • The President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR)


For more information, read the Ethiopia country profile [PDF, 187KB].

Last updated: August 20, 2021

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