Technical Areas

With ministries of health in the lead and in close collaboration with global partners, USAID has sustained its focus on supporting countries to scale up proven, cost-effective interventions. Key interventions supported include:

A person wearing protective gear enters a hut
Children smile from beneath an insecticide-treated net
An open hand holding medication

Indoor residual spraying
(IRS)

IRS is the organized, timely spraying of an insecticide on the inside walls of houses or dwellings. It kills adult mosquitoes before they can transmit malaria parasites to another person.

Insecticide-treated mosquito nets
(ITNs)

An insecticide-treated mosquito net hung over sleeping areas protects people by repelling mosquitoes and killing those that land on it.

Intermittent preventive treatment for pregnant women
(IPTp)

IPTp involves the administration of an antimalarial drug to a pregnant woman at each prenatal visit, which protects her against maternal anemia and reduces the likelihood of low birthweight and perinatal death.

A doctor speaks to a woman and her child
A clinic nurse educates a mother and child
A child receives anti-malaria medication

Diagnosis and treatment with lifesaving drugs

Effective case management entails diagnostic testing for malaria to ensure that all patients with malaria are properly identified and receive a quality-assured artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT).

Seasonal malaria chemoprevention (SMC)

SMC is an approach used to prevent malaria among young children in parts of the African Sahel sub-region with highly seasonal malaria transmission. It entails the administration of a curative dose of antimalarial drugs at monthly intervals to children without malaria symptoms in a targeted area over a limited transmission season.

Cross-Cutting Interventions

In addition to the five main technical interventions, USAID supports cross-cutting interventions such as social and behavior change communication, operational research, health systems strengthening, and surveillance, monitoring and evaluation.

Photo Credits: L to R, top to bottom: Brant Stewart, RTI; Riccardo Gangale/VectorWorks, Courtesy of Photoshare; Karine Atkinson/USAID; Marisa Hast, Courtesy of Photoshare; Malaria Consortium; Kenneith Assoude;

Last updated: June 02, 2019

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