Map of Ethiopia

Key Documents


March 2012 (updated in May 2017)
Ethiopia Country Development Cooperation Strategy 2011 - 2018

Our Ethiopia Country Development Cooperation Strategy (CDCS) builds on the Government of Ethiopia's Growth and Transformation Plan with a concerted investment strategy that not only aims to help Ethiopia achieve its development goals, but furthers U.S. trade and investment aims with the most strategically important partner in the region.

December 2015
2016 Ethiopia Humanitarian Requirements Document [PDF, 6 MB]

Drought, worsened by El Niño effects is having a devastating impact on the lives and livelihoods of over ten million Ethiopians. With the support of Government, families have been building their resilience, but this has been stretched by the belg failure and by the erratic meher rains this year. The international humanitarian community supported the Government in developing the Humanitarian Requirements Document for 2016. This is an ambitious but achievable plan that focuses on saving lives, but also on protecting and restoring livelihoods. The aim is to help people recover quickly from shock, and to prevent further deterioration.

Economic Growth

March 2013
Financing Women-Ownded SMEs: A Case Study in Ethiopia [PDF, 4 MB]

We are interested in creating a body of knowledge to support effective gender integration into future Development Credit Authority (DCA) programming. Therefore, this report focuses on the motivation, impact, and lessons learned of utilizing a DCA risk-sharing agreement, coupled with technical assistance, that specifically targets women-owned small to medium enterprise


September 2014
Ethiopia Early Grade Reading Assessment [PDF, 5 MB]

In 2014, an early grade reading assessment, a study of the reading skills in Ethiopia in a variety of areas, was performed in eight regions in Ethiopia. The purpose was to investigate the children’s reading skills in the context of the General Education Quality Improvement Program and the rapidly changing primary school environment in Ethiopia.

November 2010
Ethiopia Early Grade Reading Assessment [PDF, 5 MB]

In May and June 2010, an early grade reading assessment, a study of the reading skills in Ethiopia in a variety of areas, was performed in eight regions in Ethiopia. The purpose was to investigate the children’s reading skills in the context of the General Education Quality Improvement Program and the rapidly changing primary school environment in Ethiopia.


October 2014
Africa Energy Outlook - World Energy Outlook Special Report [PDF, 7 MB]

In The International Energy Agency’s Africa Energy Outlook – a Special Report in the 2014 World Energy Outlook series – offers a most comprehensive analytical study of energy in Africa, specifically in sub-Saharan Africa, the epicenter of the global challenge to overcome energy poverty. This report finds that increasing access to reliable, modern energy can turbo-charge economic growth in sub-Saharan Africa. The region’s existing energy resources are more than sufficient to meet its overall needs, but they are unevenly distributed and under-developed, a fact that speaks strongly towards the benefits of regional energy integration, another key finding of the report.

Feed the Future

December 2016
Agriculture Knowledge, Learning, Documentation and Policy Project 2016 Annual Report [PDF, 4 MB]

Agriculture, Knowledge, Learning, Documentation and Policy is a five-year project that started in January 2014. This third annual report covers the reporting period October 2015 to September 2016. The project is implemented by the Feinstein International Center at Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Tufts University. The team is a mix of economists and specialists in agronomy, agriculture, livestock, food and nutrition security, and crop and livestock marketing.

December 2013
Protection of Pastoralists' Land Rights: Lessons From the International Experience [PDF, 538 KB]

Ethiopia has a major ongoing program of land demarcation and land rights certification, and this paper is an input to the development of a strategy for expansion of the certification program to pastoralist regions. The selection of case studies is slanted toward arid land situations in which migration figures significantly, in recognition that these characterize most pastoralist systems in east and southeast Ethiopia. The recommendations in this paper are generic, and almost certainly will need significant adjustments to be really useful in the Ethiopian context.

April 2013
Towards Improved Transactions of Land Use Rights in Ethiopia [PDF, 428 KB]

This paper brings up potential land use rights in terms of transactions. The paper aims at promoting discussions and more studies in the land transaction aspect of the land tenure system of the country. Doing so would help to encourage good practices and to indicate areas requiring improvements. Key words: legal instrument, public property, land use right, transaction, tenure security.

April 2013
Livestock Market Development: End Market Analysis [PDF, 2 MB]

Our Livestock Market Development activity is designed to improve the incomes and nutritional status of Ethiopian farmers and other stakeholders along the livestock value chain. Key goals include increasing productivity and competitiveness of selected livestock value chains, and spurring investment and innovation all in an environmentally and economically sustainable way. This report explores market opportunities, Ethiopian competitiveness, and recommendations for Ethiopian export development in selected export markets for live animals and livestock products including meat, leather and leather products. All of these products are derived from cattle, goats and sheep endemic to Ethiopia.

April 2013
Livestock Market Development: Five Year Strategy [PDF, 1 MB]

This document describes the Livestock Market Development activity's strategy to support the improvement of Ethiopia's livestock industry. It includes strategies for the three Livestock Market Development value chains: Meat and live animals; hides, skins and leather; and dairy products.


July 2017
Empowering Women in Ethiopia [PDF, 290 KB]

Gender equality and women’s empowerment considerations cut across all of USAID’s programming in Ethiopia. By promoting gender equality for economic opportunities, education and supporting the health of women and their families, USAID is creating opportunities for equal participation in society. In addition, USAID is addressing the root causes of domestic violence, child marriage and female genital mutilation in Ethiopia as well as taking steps to enforce and support legislation to protect women and their children from gender-based violence.


October 2016
Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey 2016: Key Indicators Report [PDF, 3 MB]

The 2016 Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey is the fourth Demographic and Health Survey conducted in Ethiopia. It was implemented by the Central Statistical Agency at the request of the Ministry of Health. Data collection took place from January 18, 2016, to June 27, 2016.

March 2012
Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey 2011 [PDF, 3 MB]

The 2011 Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey was conducted by the Central Statistical Agency under the auspices of the Ministry of Health. The preliminary report containing results of selected variables was released in October 2011 and this final report presents the details of the findings of the survey including results released earlier.

February 2012
Working Together With Communities: A Case Study of IFHP and Ethiopia's Health Extension Program [PDF, 3 MB]

This brochure documents advances made in the Health Extension Program with particular emphasis on nutrition interventions. Gursum Woreda in East Hararghe Zone is used as an example to show the efforts made by the health system at each level to make the Health Extension Program a success.


March 2014
Resilience in Action: Changing Horizons in Ethiopia's Drylands [PDF, 6 MB]

This book documents changing trends, lessons learned, and results proven by USAID and our implementing partners in helping pastoral communities build resilience in the dryland areas of Ethiopia. We hope these examples will serve others working to help these pastoral communities prosper and achieve longlasting economic benefits while preventing or responding to the human and environmental devastation caused by extreme climactic events. By building more resilient communities and stimulating sustainable livelihoods, USAID and our many partners aim, ultimately, to put an end to the many factors that generate recurring cycles of disaster and extreme poverty.

USAID Global Policy and Strategy Papers

May 2014
USAID Multi-Sectoral Nutrition Strategy 2014-2025 [PDF, 1 MB]

With this strategy, USAID aims to decrease chronic malnutrition, measured by stunting, by 20 percent through the U.S. Government’s Feed the Future and Global Health initiatives, the Office of Food for Peace development programs, resilience efforts, and other nutrition investments. Within Feed the Future targeted inventions areas, USAID will concentrate resources and monitor impact to reduce the number of stunted children by a minimum of 2 million. In humanitarian crises, USAID aims to mitigate increases in acute malnutrition with the goal of maintaining Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) below the emergency threshold of 15 percent. In 2025, we see a world where countries, communities, and families have the capacity to achieve and sustain healthy, well-nourished populations.

April 2013
USAID Water and Development Strategy 2013 - 2018 [PDF, 2.3 MB]

This is the US Agency for International Development’s (USAID) first globalWater and Development Strategy. It is intended to provide a clear understanding of USAID's approach to water programming. This Strategy emphasizes how sustainable use of water is critical to save lives, promote sustainable development, and achieve humanitarian goals.

Last updated: May 21, 2019

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