Map of Ethiopia

Maternal, Neonatal and Child Health

A happy baby at health post for a check-up
A happy baby at a health post after receiving a check-up

Ethiopia has one of the world’s highest rates of maternal deaths and disabilities in the world. Women have a one-in-52 chance of dying from childbirth-related causes each year. Every year, more than 257,000 children under the age of five die and 120,000 die in the neo natal period. More than 60 percent of infant and 40 percent of under-five deaths in Ethiopia are neonatal deaths. USAID works with the Ethiopian government to reduce maternal, neonatal, and child mortality rates. USAID supports integrated packages of evidence-based interventions delivered across a continuum of care at family, community and facility levels by increasing availability of services like skilled birth attendance and essential newborn care/treatment—especially to underserved populations.

Achievements of USAID benefiting Ethiopian women and children include the scale up of proven interventions such as a comprehensive maternal health package through the health extension program; roll-out of basic obstetric and newborn care, essential newborn care, integrated management of neonatal and childhood illnesses, and integrated community case management of childhood illnesses including treatment of neonatal sepsis; and increased coverage of skilled birth attendance, immunizations, early identification, and care and treatment of sick children.

Activities include

  • Integrated Family Health Project (IFHP) Evidence to Action (E2A): Strengthen and promote increased use of high-impact family planning, maternal, newborn and child health practices, products and services. IFHP supports an integrated package of family planning and reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health interventions. Investments directly support the Ministry of Health’s Health Sector Development Plan and the Health Extension Program with a focus on delivery of key services and products through a continuum of quality care from the community level to the health posts and health centers in rural, peri-urban and hard-to-reach parts of the country. IFHP supports 302 woredas (districts) in the Amhara, Oromia, SNNP and Tigray regions and the emerging regions of Benishangul-Gumuz and Somali. The activity benefits approximately 35.2 million people—roughly 40 percent of the entire population of Ethiopia.

  • Last Ten Kilometers (L10K)Expand demand, access and use of interventions to improve maternal, newborn and child health outcomes. USAID’s support complements the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation-funded activities to increase access to selected maternal, newborn and child health interventions including basic emergency obstetric and newborn care and scale up of integrated community based case management of childhood illnesses in selected zones of Oromia Region. In addition, L10K supports implementation of the Routine Immunization Improvement Plan in seven low performing zones in the country.

  • Newborns in Ethiopia Gaining Attention: Contributes to reductions of neonatal morbidity and mortality through capacity-building in high-impact services both at the community and the primary health care unit levels. The activity supports the Government of Ethiopia to: improve community maternal and newborn health practices and care-seeking behaviors; increases the provision of quality community-based newborn care services including management of newborn sepsis; and strengthens the supportive systems with a focus of woreda capacity building.

  • Strengthening Polio Surveillance in High-Riusk Areas in Ethiopia: Assist the Government of Ethiopia in achieving certification levels for polio eradication through a strong and reliable acute flaccid paralysis surveillance and high level of immunization coverage.

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Last updated: November 30, 2015

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