Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Ethiopia

May 26, 2017

Food Security Situation 

Map of Ethiopia
CIA World Factbook
  • Due to lingering effects of the 2015/2016 El Niño-induced drought, a poor October-to-December Deyr rainy season, and inconsistent April-to-June rainfall, an estimated 7.8 million people in Ethiopia require relief food assistance in 2017, according to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).  This is in addition to 8 million chronically food insecure people who receive food or cash assistance through the Government of Ethiopia (GoE)-led Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP).  The Ethiopia Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD) also targets 2.7 million children under age five and pregnant and lactating women for treatment of moderate acute malnutrition, as well as 300,000 children for treatment of severe acute malnutrition. 

  • The March-to-May gu rains have performed more poorly than expected, resulting in worsening food security outcomes in southern and southeastern pastoral areas, particularly in Somali Region, according to the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET). Parts of Somali Region will likely experience Emergency (IPC Phase 4) outcomes in the absence of humanitarian assistance during June to September, as the rapid loss of livestock has significantly expanded food consumption gaps. Additionally, populations in lowland areas of Somali Nations, Nationalities, and People's Region, East and West Haraghe in Oromiya, southern Tigray and parts of northern Amhara are expected to deterioirate into Crisis (IPC Phase 3) beginning in June due to low household purchasing power and uncertainty regarding humanitarian assistance.  
  • The drought in Somalia and conflict in Sudan, South Sudan, and Eritrea have resulted in an influx of refugees into Ethiopia.  Since January 2017, more than 5,000 Somalis have crossed the border into Ethiopia through Dollo Ado refugee camp in Somali Region.  Approximately 34,000 new South Sudanese refugees have arrived in Ethiopia since January 2017, bringing the total to more than 370,000 South Sudanese refugees in Ethiopia. 

Food Assistance Programs

  • In partnership with Catholic Relief Services (CRS), Food for the Hungry (FH), Relief Society of Tigray (REST), and World Vision, the Office of Food for Peace (FFP) targets food insecure Ethiopians with long-term development interventions through the PSNP to reduce chronic food insecurity. PSNP is also the first line of response for targeted areas in any food security crisis. With an annual contribution to the PSNP of approximately $110 million, FFP addresses the basic food needs of approximately 1.6 million chronically food insecure people through the regular seasonal transfer of food and cash resources, as well as the creation of assets that generate economic benefit to the community as a whole. 

  • FFP partners with the UN World Food Program (WFP) and CRS to provide relief food assistance that saves lives and reduces human suffering of those affected by climatic and other shocks, as well as contributes to meeting the basic energy requirements of refugees. In addition, FFP provides specialized nutrition commodities for the treatment of acute malnutrition to WFP, UN Children's Fund (UNICEF) and the USAID Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance’s health and nutrition partners.

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons

Fiscal Year 2017

$141.8 million 242,419 MT
Fiscal Year 2016

$514.6 million

786,667 MT
Fiscal Year 2015 $241.3 million 328,150 MT
Fiscal Year 2014 $218.1 million 271,120 MT

Fiscal Year 2017 Contribution Breakdown:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Title II Development $3.6 million 8,703 MT
Title II Emergency $138.2 million 233,716 MT
Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP) ---- ----

Food Security Situation Information provided by Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET); Refugee information provided by UNHCR.

The Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) is a standardized tool that aims to classify the magnitude and severity of food insecurity. The IPC scale, which is comparable across countries, ranges from Minimal--IPC 1-- to Famine--IPC 5. 

Related Resources

Public Consultation Notes on Notice of Intent to Issue Multi-Year Annual Program Statement for a Rapid Response Nutrition and WASH Program

Final Ethiopia FY 2016 Country Specific Information

Ethiopia Country Development Cooperation Strategy 2011-2015

Climate Variability and Change in Ethiopia - Summary Findings

Ethiopia Bellmon Analysis 2015/16 and Reassessment of Crop Production and Marketing for 2014/15

Food Security Country Framework - Ethiopia

Productive Safety Net Program Phase IV Program Implementation Manual

Productive Safety Net Program Phase IV - Capacity Development Strategy

Examples of Collaboration Indicators for Ethiopia DFAP Applicants – RISE Workshop

Feed the Future Ethiopia Fact Sheet

Notice of Intent to Issue Multi-Year Annual Program Statement for a Rapid Response Nutrition and WASH Program in Ethiopia

Multi-Year Annual Program Statement for a Rapid Response Nutrition and WASH Program in Ethiopia 

(Re)assessing the Relationship Between Food Aid and Armed Conflict [PDF, 171 KB]

Last updated: May 26, 2017

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