Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Ethiopia

April 6, 2017

Food Security Situation 

Map of Ethiopia
CIA World Factbook
  • Due to lingering effects of the 2015/2016 El Niño-induced drought and a poor October-to-December Deyr rainy season, an estimated 5.6 million people in Ethiopia require relief food assistance in 2017, according to the Ethiopia Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD), released in mid-January.  This is in addition to 8 million chronically food insecure people who receive food or cash assistance through the Government of Ethiopia (GoE)-led Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP).  The HRD also targets 2.7 million children under age five and pregnant and lactating women for treatment of moderate acute malnutrition, as well as 300,000 children for treatment of severe acute malnutrition. 

  • The most drought-impacted areas are eastern and southern Oromiya, Somali, and parts of Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples Regions, where vulnerable households will likely experience Crisis (IPC Phase 3) levels of acute food insecurity through at least September, according to the Famine Early Warning Systems Netowrk (FEWS NET).  Futhermore, in the absence of sustained humanitarian assistance, food security could deteriorate to Emergency (IPC Phase 4) levels between June and September for some of the worst affected households in Somali's Korahe and Warder Zones. 
  • The drought in Somalia and conflict in Sudan, South Sudan, and Eritrea have resulted in an influx of refugees into Ethiopia.  During January and February 2017, more than 4,100 Somalis crossed the border into Ethiopia through Dollo Ado refugee camp.  Approximately 4,500 South Sudanese refugees entered western Ethiopia between December 2016 and February 2017, bringing the total to more than 342,500 South Sudanese refugees in Ethiopia. 

Food Assistance Programs

  • In partnership with Catholic Relief Services (CRS), Food for the Hungry (FH), Relief Society of Tigray (REST), and World Vision, the Office of Food for Peace (FFP) targets food insecure Ethiopians with long-term development interventions through the PSNP to reduce chronic food insecurity. PSNP is also the first line of response for targeted areas in any food security crisis. With an annual contribution of approximately $110 million, FFP addresses the basic food needs of approximately 1.6 million chronically food insecure people through the regular seasonal transfer of food and cash resources, as well as the creation of assets that generate economic benefit to the community as a whole. 

  • FFP partners with the UN World Food Program (WFP) and CRS to provide relief food assistance that saves lives and reduces human suffering of those affected by climatic and other shocks, as well as contributes to meeting the basic energy requirements of refugees. In addition, FFP provides specialized nutrition commodities for the treatment of acute malnutrition to WFP, UN Children's Fund (UNICEF) and the Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance’s partners.

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons

Fiscal Year 2017

$125.8 million 212,769 MT
Fiscal Year 2016

$515.6 million

796,964 MT
Fiscal Year 2015 $241.3 million 328,150 MT
Fiscal Year 2014 $218.1 million 271,120 MT

Fiscal Year 2017 Contribution Breakdown:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Title II Development $3.6 million 8,703 MT
Title II Emergency $122.2 million 204,066 MT
Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP) ---- ----

Food Security Situation Information provided by Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET); Refugee information provided by UNHCR.

The Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) is a standardized tool that aims to classify the magnitude and severity of food insecurity. The IPC scale, which is comparable across countries, ranges from Minimal--IPC 1-- to Famine--IPC 5. 

Related Resources

Public Consultation Notes on Notice of Intent to Issue Multi-Year Annual Program Statement for a Rapid Response Nutrition and WASH Program

Final Ethiopia FY 2016 Country Specific Information

Ethiopia Country Development Cooperation Strategy 2011-2015

Climate Variability and Change in Ethiopia - Summary Findings

Ethiopia Bellmon Analysis 2015/16 and Reassessment of Crop Production and Marketing for 2014/15

Food Security Country Framework - Ethiopia

Productive Safety Net Program Phase IV Program Implementation Manual

Productive Safety Net Program Phase IV - Capacity Development Strategy

Examples of Collaboration Indicators for Ethiopia DFAP Applicants – RISE Workshop

Feed the Future Ethiopia Fact Sheet

Notice of Intent to Issue Multi-Year Annual Program Statement for a Rapid Response Nutrition and WASH Program in Ethiopia

Multi-Year Annual Program Statement for a Rapid Response Nutrition and WASH Program in Ethiopia 

(Re)assessing the Relationship Between Food Aid and Armed Conflict [PDF, 171 KB]

Last updated: May 01, 2017

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