Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Ethiopia

May 17, 2016

Food Security Situation 

Map of Ethiopia
CIA World Factbook
  • Multiple consecutive seasons of below-normal rainfall – in part due to El Niño – have led to the worst drought in more than 50 years across the northeastern and central parts of the country. Low crop production, poor pasture regeneration and livestock health, and water shortages have all contributed to the deteriorating food security situation and severe humanitarian crisis.

  • Through September 2016, large populations in the eastern part of the country will likely experience very significant food consumption gaps. In the pastoral areas of Afar and northern Somali Region and the agricultural lowlands of East and West Haraghe Zones, households will be in Emergency (IPC Phase 4) levels of food insecurity. These numbers will continue to rise with food assistance needs peaking during the July to September lean season.

  • In 2016, 10.2 million people are projected to need relief assistance, according to the Government of Ethiopia (GoE). This is in addition to the 7.9 million people covered by the GoE-led Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP), supported by USAID and the donor community. In 2016, the GoE and humanitarian community anticipate that 2.6 million people will experience moderate or severe acute malnutrition, requiring specialized treatment. Additionally, 5.8 million people lack access to appropriate water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) facilities, impacting human and livestock health, school attendance and causing protection issues.  
  • In addition, the lack of humanitarian access in Somalia and conflict in Sudan, South Sudan, and Eritrea has resulted in an influx of refugees into Ethiopia. As of this writing, the total number of refugees and asylum seekers in Ethiopia is more than 732,000.

Food Assistance Programs

  • In partnership with Catholic Relief Services (CRS), Food for the Hungry (FH), Relief Society of Tigray (REST), and Save the Children, International (SCI), Office of Food for Peace (FFP) targets food insecure Ethiopians with long-term development interventions through the PSNP to reduce chronic food insecurity. PSNP is the first line of response in any food security crisis. PSNP addresses the basic food needs of approximately 8 million chronically food insecure people through the predictable seasonal transfer of food and cash resources, as well as the creation of assets that generate economic benefit to the community as a whole. 

  • FFP partners with the UN World Food Program (WFP) and CRS to provide relief food assistance that saves lives and reduces human suffering of those affected by climatic and other shocks, as well as meeting the basic nutrition requirements of refugees from Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan, and Eritrea. 

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Fiscal Year 2016* $377.8 million 674,640 MT
Fiscal Year 2015 $174.3 million 228,570 MT
Fiscal Year 2014 $218.1 million 271,120 MT
Fiscal Year 2013 $235.7 million 274,770 MT
Fiscal Year 2012 $306.6 million 365,400 MT

Fiscal Year 2016 Contribution Breakdown:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Title II Development* ---- ----
Title II Emergency $377.8 million 674,640 MT
Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP) ---- ----

*FFP's PSNP contributions are forward-funded; forthcoming development resources of up to $110 million will be provided in Fiscal Year (FY) 2016 for PSNP implementation in FY 2017. 

Food Security Situation Information provided by Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET); Nutrition information provided by WFP; Refugee information provided by UNHCR.

The Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) is a standardized tool that aims to classify the magnitude and severity of food insecurity. The IPC scale, which is comparable across countries, ranges from Minimal--IPC 1-- to Famine--IPC 5. 

Related Resources

Final Ethiopia FY 2016 Country Specific Information

Ethiopia Country Development Cooperation Strategy 2011-2015

Climate Variability and Change in Ethiopia - Summary Findings

Ethiopia Bellmon Analysis 2015/16 and Reassessment of Crop Production and Marketing for 2014/15

Food Security Country Framework - Ethiopia

Productive Safety Net Program Phase IV Program Implementation Manual

Productive Safety Net Program Phase IV - Capacity Development Strategy

Examples of Collaboration Indicators for Ethiopia DFAP Applicants – RISE Workshop

Feed the Future Ethiopia Fact Sheet

(Re)assessing the Relationship Between Food Aid and Armed Conflict [PDF, 171 KB]

Last updated: May 17, 2016

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