Mini-grids are composed of energy production systems, energy distribution systems and end-user systems. Mini-grid technical design is the process of selecting the components and configurations for each system that will deliver safe, reliable, cost-effective energy services that meet the needs of end users.
Technical design decisions depend on end users’ energy needs, including load demands and times of use, as well as the cost and availability of technologies. Different technical designs have various tradeoffs in cost, power reliability, grid-connection potential and load efficiency and flexibility. Computer simulations and modeling can help project developers evaluate the options. Technical standards help ensure safety and compatibility.