East Africa has emerged as a global hub for illegal wildlife trafficking, a black market that generates billions of dollars each year and threatens the security, economy, and biodiversity of the entire region. Legal regulation, law enforcement, and behavior change to reduce demand for wildlife trade are essential pieces of the solution to this complex problem. In 2015, USAID Kenya and East Africa established a first-ever agreement with the Department of the Interior – International Technical Assistance Program (DOI-ITAP) – the Partnership to End Wildlife Trafficking in East Africa.  Together, USAID and DOI-ITAP partner with foreign governments, the private sector, international organizations, and civil society to improve East African conservation efforts and combat wildlife crime. The Agreement provides partners with direct access to DOI’s natural resource management expertise on conservation-related topics including wildlife law enforcement, ranger training, protected areas management, sustainable tourism, climate science, clean energy technologies, Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) management, and more.