The Republic of the Marshall Islands

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Climate Change Country Profile

The Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI) is one of the world’s most vulnerable areas to climate change. The country consists of 29 atolls and five individual islands situated in about 180,000 square miles (470,000 km2) of the Pacific Ocean. The largest island land area is about 6 square miles, and the average altitude of the entire country is about 7 feet above sea level. The country depends heavily on natural resources, particularly agriculture and fisheries, which are vulnerable to climate change impacts — such as coastline erosion, storm surges, and shifting rainfall — but still scarce enough to limit resilience. Rising sea levels and temperatures have increased the vulnerability of this island nation to tropical storms and typhoons, spring tides, and drought. In 2013 and 2016, RMI declared states of disaster for prolonged and unseasonal drought and required international assistance.

Friday, April 23, 2021 - 3:15pm

Last updated: April 23, 2021