Fact Sheet: A Water Secure Future for Southern Africa. Applying the Ecosystem Approach in the Orange-Senqu River Basin - IUCN, June 2013


Cooperation in transboundary water resource management is often confined to a single topic, such as electricity generation, fisheries, water quality or quantity with insufficient attention to tradeoffs and impacts for other resource users. There is a need to apply a more holistic approach to addressing broader environmental challenges, including pollution, soil erosion, deforestation, and ecosystem degradation, to ensure sustainable, healthy water catchments. 


Since 2012, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has worked with USAID in the Orange-Senqu river basin to promote integrated water resource management (IWRM) to meet short and long-term needs of the ecosystem, communities, and economies that rely upon the Basin. With $2.2 million through 2015, IUCN will strengthen water governance by mainstreaming an Ecosystem Approach (EA) into water management across the Basin. Pilot projects in each of the four Basin countries (Lesotho, South Africa, Botswana and Namibia) will demonstrate the development benefits of such a holistic approach. 


1. Increase knowledge and awareness resulting in the inclusion of ecosystem issues in IWRM.
2. Demonstrate enhanced social and ecological resilience in hotspots in the Basin by integrating environment in transboundary water management.
3. Enhance capacity of key actors to engage effectively in multi-stakeholder processes and negotiate and dialogue towards improved water resources management.

Last updated: December 03, 2015