Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Djibouti

May 25, 2016

Food Security Situation  

Map of Djibouti
CIA World Factbook
  • The March-to-May Diraac/Sugum rains began late, but there has been some restoration of rangeland conditions over most of Djibouti. Some areas, however, still face limited livestock production and reduced purchasing power following several consecutive seasons of below-average rainfall. Households in these areas will remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) through at least September.  

  • As a result of ongoing dryness and poor livestock conditions, rural populations are moving to urban centers as pastoral livelihoods become less viable. Herders have lost up to 70 percent of their livestock. Given that Djibouti’s climate is unsuitable for crop production, its population is dependent on imported food, leaving them vulnerable to high food prices. Additionally, an estimated one in every three children is stunted and nearly 18 percent of children are affected by global acute malnutrition.

  • Djibouti continues to deal with a protracted refugee crisis. Since the outbreak of the Yemen crisis in March 2015, 35,000 refugees have entered Djibouti. While the majority have either transited to other countries, or settled with family or other contacts in Djibouti, over 2,000 remain in the Markazi Camp in Obock Region. Djibouti also hosts approximately 16,000 refugees from Somalia, Eritrea and Ethiopia. The majority are long-term refugees who have resided in the camps for up to 20 years. Refugee camps in Djibouti are located in very isolated areas and refugees are prohibited from working, leaving them almost entirely dependent on assistance. 

Food Assistance Programs

  • FFP supports the UN World Food Program (WFP) to provide food assistance to 75,600 of the most vulnerable and severely food insecure in Djibouti, with particular focus on refugees and food insecure households in both rural and urban areas. FFP programs use targeted relief and recovery interventions to reduce short term hunger among communities that are affected by recurrent drought emergencies and increasing food prices while also aiming to build government and community capacities. FFP also provides funding and in-kind Ready-to-Use Therapeutic Foods (RUTF) to UNICEF to treat severely malnourished children under five.

Food for Peace Contributions

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Fiscal Year 2016 $4.3 million 3,800 MT
Fiscal Year 2015 $2.0 million 1,990 MT
Fiscal Year 2014 $3.4 million 3,650 MT
Fiscal Year 2013 $3.6 million 3,530 MT
Fiscal Year 2012 $2.3 million  2,140 MT

Fiscal Year 2015 Contribution Breakdown:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Title II Development ---- ----
Title II Emergency $4.3 million 3,800 MT
Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP) ---- ----

Food Security Situation information is provided by WFP, FEWS NET and UNICEF as of May 2016

The Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) is a standardized tool that aims to classify the severity and magnitude of food insecurity.  The IPC scale, which is comparable across countries, ranges from Minimal—IPC I—to Famine—IPC 5.

Last updated: June 03, 2016

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