October 20, 2016
Food Security Situation
Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is experiencing crisis, with more than 1.7 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) fleeing ongoing civil violence and conflict. DRC also hosts more than 402,000 refugees from neighboring countries.
Nearly 4.5 million Congolese continue to face acute food insecurity, according to a March 2016 IPC assessment, concentrated in conflict-affected areas across seven territories. Armed conflict, ongoing insecurity, and population displacement are the primary drivers of food insecurity in DRC.
According to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, over 3.6 million children under five years are food insecure, with Global Acute Malnutrition rates at 10 percent in some areas and 15 percent in others.
Food Assistance Programs
USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (FFP) currently supports the UN World Food Program (WFP) with U.S., regionally and locally purchased food for refugees, IDPs, and vulnerable host households in conflict-affected areas of eastern DRC. Through WFP, FFP supports general food distributions; targeted supplementary feeding for malnourished children and pregnant and lactating women; support to caretakers of malnourished children in therapeutic feeding centers; and blanket supplementary feeding to prevent acute malnutrition for children 6-23 months and pregnant and lactating women. FFP also supports recovery activities, including Food for Assets and Food for Training, and emergency school feeding where distributions are provided to highly food-insecure IDPs.
FFP recently contributed more than $7.5 million to three joint awards with USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance to ACTED, CRS and Samaritan's Purse, to respond to immediate needs with cash transfers, food vouchers or locally purchased food.
FFP also supports UNICEF to reach approximately 44,000 severely malnourished children with Ready to Use Therapeutic Food.
Since 2011, FFP has partnered with ADRA, Food for the Hungry, and Mercy Corps on development food assistance projects that closed in FY 2016.
In late FY 2016 FFP awarded two new 2016-2021 development food assistance projects to Food for the Hungry (FH) and Mercy Corps (MC). FH will work in South Kivu and Tanganyika provinces and MC in South Kivu. They seek to improve food and nutrition security and economic well-being of DRC’s vulnerable populations through multi-sectoral approaches that increase available food and household income; improve the nutrition and health status among adolescent girls, women of reproductive age and children less than five years of age; and promote good governance and a more stable operating environment.
Food for Peace Contributions
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Fiscal Year 2016||$79.6 million||31,880 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2015||$92.0 million||20,300 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2014||$102.0 million||42,517 MT|
Fiscal Year 2016 Contribution Breakdown To Date:
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Title II Development||$17.3 million||----|
|Title II Emergency||$29.1 million||13,825 MT|
|Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP)||$33.2 million||18,055 MT|
Food Security Situation information is provided by UN as of September 2016.
FY 2016 contributions based on funds obligated to date.
Contributions do not include FFP assistance to Central African refugees living inside DRC.
Last updated: October 20, 2016