Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Democratic Republic of Congo

October 20, 2016

Food Security Situation

Map of DRC
CIA World Factbook
  • Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is experiencing crisis, with more than 1.7 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) fleeing ongoing civil violence and conflict.  DRC also hosts more than 402,000 refugees from neighboring countries.

  • Nearly 4.5 million Congolese continue to face acute food insecurity, according to a March 2016 IPC assessment, concentrated in conflict-affected areas across seven territories. Armed conflict, ongoing insecurity, and population displacement are the primary drivers of food insecurity in DRC.

  • According to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, over 3.6 million children under five years are food insecure, with Global Acute Malnutrition rates at 10 percent in some areas and 15 percent in others.

Food Assistance Programs

  • USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (FFP) currently supports the UN World Food Program (WFP) with U.S., regionally and locally purchased food for refugees, IDPs, and vulnerable host households in conflict-affected areas of eastern DRC. Through WFP, FFP supports general food distributions; targeted supplementary feeding for malnourished children and pregnant and lactating women; support to caretakers of malnourished children in therapeutic feeding centers; and blanket supplementary feeding to prevent acute malnutrition for children 6-23 months and pregnant and lactating women. FFP also supports recovery activities, including Food for Assets and Food for Training, and emergency school feeding where distributions are provided to highly food-insecure IDPs.

  • FFP recently contributed more than $7.5 million to three joint awards with USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance to ACTED, CRS and Samaritan's Purse, to respond to immediate needs with cash transfers, food vouchers or locally purchased food. 

  • FFP also supports UNICEF to reach approximately 44,000 severely malnourished children with Ready to Use Therapeutic Food.

  • Since 2011, FFP has partnered with ADRA, Food for the Hungry, and Mercy Corps on development food assistance projects that closed in FY 2016.

  • In late FY 2016 FFP awarded two new 2016-2021 development food assistance projects to Food for the Hungry (FH) and Mercy Corps (MC). FH will work in South Kivu and Tanganyika provinces and MC in South Kivu. They seek to improve food and nutrition security and economic well-being of DRC’s vulnerable populations through multi-sectoral approaches that increase available food and household income; improve the nutrition and health status among adolescent girls, women of reproductive age and children less than five years of age; and promote good governance and a more stable operating environment.


Food for Peace Contributions

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Fiscal Year 2016 $79.6 million 31,880 MT
Fiscal Year 2015 $92.0 million 20,300 MT
Fiscal Year 2014 $102.0 million 42,517 MT

Fiscal Year 2016 Contribution Breakdown To Date:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Title II Development $17.3 million ----
Title II Emergency $29.1 million 13,825 MT
Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP) $33.2 million 18,055 MT

Food Security Situation information is provided by UN as of September 2016.
FY 2016 contributions based on funds obligated to date.
Contributions do not include FFP assistance to Central African refugees living inside DRC.

Related Resources

Final Democratic Republic of Congo FY 2016 Country Specific Information

Food Security Desk Review For Katanga, North Kivu, and South Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo 

Food Security Desk review for Kasai Occidental and Kasai Oriental, Democratic Republic of Congo

Democratic Republic of the Congo Staple Food Market Fundamentals


Last updated: October 20, 2016

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