Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Democratic Republic of the Congo

Map of Democratic Republic of the Congo
Map of Democratic Republic of the Congo

March 5, 2019

Situation

  • Approximately 13.1 million people will face Crisis (IPC 3) or Emergency (IPC 4) levels of acute food insecurity in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) through June, according to the latest Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) assessment.*
  • The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) reports that violence, displacement and disease outbreaks continue to contribute to food insecurity in the DRC. In addition to prompting population displacement, conflict in Ituri since September has limited households’ access to fields, undermined agricultural livelihoods activities and restricted access to food. FEWS NET anticipates that vulnerable Congolese populations will experience up to Crisis levels of acute food insecurity in much of southern and eastern DRC through May 2019.
  • Nearly 374,000 Congolese nationals have returned to the DRC from Angola, following an expulsion order by the Government of Angola in October, according to the UN. According to relief actors, the population influx has exacerbated humanitarian needs in the greater Kasaï region.
  • Intercommunal violence in western DRC’s Mai-Ndombe Province in December resulted in the deaths of at least 890 people and displaced an estimated 16,000 people to neighboring Republic of the Congo.
  • An outbreak of Ebola Virus Disease and high level of insecurity in Ituri and North Kivu provinces continue to disrupt normal agricultural and market activities, resulting in a deterioration of food security for affected people.

* The Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) is a standardized tool that aims to classify the severity and magnitude of food insecurity. The IPC scale, which is comparable across countries, ranges from Minimal—IPC 1—to Famine—IPC 5.

Response

  • USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (FFP) partners with the UN World Food Program (WFP) to provide emergency food assistance to internally displaced persons (IDPs), refugees, returnees and vulnerable host communities in the DRC. With FFP support, WFP is also providing food assistance to Ebola survivors and other populations impacted by the disease outbreak. In addition, FFP partners with the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) to treat severe acute malnutrition in children in eastern and central DRC.
  • With USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance, FFP jointly funds several non-governmental organization (NGO) partners to provide a multi-sectoral package of humanitarian assistance in eastern DRC.
  • Separately, FFP is responding to the emergency in the Kasaï region by supporting NGO partners to distribute life-saving food to food-insecure and conflict-affected IDPs, returnees and host communities. Additionally, FFP is working with NGO partner, ACTED, to provide emergency assistance to refugees from the Central African Republic (CAR) in northwestern DRC.
  • Furthermore, FFP collaborates with NGOs Catholic Relief Services (CRS), Food for the Hungry and Mercy Corps on multi-year food assistance and resilience activities among vulnerable communities in South Kivu, Tanganyika and Kasaï-Oriental provinces. 

 

Food for Peace Contributions

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Fiscal Year 2019 $11.8 million 8,886 MT
Fiscal Year 2018 $219.4 million 75,074 MT
Fiscal Year 2017 $119.8 million 33,461 MT

* Metric tonnage does not reflect funding for vouchers or cash transfers.

Note: Funding and tonnage ammounts for refugees from the Central African Republic (CAR) are not included in the above totals and instead are accounted for on the FFP CAR fact sheet

 

Related Resources

 

Last updated: March 25, 2019

Share This Page