Yemen

Aaliyah, a 7-year-old IDP, fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water.
Aaliyah, a 7-year-old internally displaced person (IDP), fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water point funded by USAID/OFDA and installed by a USAID partner in Sana’a Governorate, Yemen.
USAID partner photo

Key Developments

UN Under-Secretary-General and Emergency Relief Coordinator (ERC) Mark Lowcock traveled to Yemen from October 23–27 to meet with Republic of Yemen Government (RoYG) officials in the city of Aden and Al Houthi officials in the capital city of Sana’a. ERC Lowcock encouraged greater coordination of humanitarian activities and urged parties to the conflict to ameliorate Yemen’s challenging operational environment, particularly bureaucratic impediments and disruptions to humanitarian operations.

Health organizations recorded nearly 111,000 suspected cholera cases and 47 related deaths during the month of October, contributing to a total of 900,000 suspected cholera cases and 2,188 related deaths between April 27 and November 3, according to the UN World Health Organization.

USAID’s Office of Food for Peace partner the UN World Food Program provided emergency food assistance to approximately 7 million people in Yemen in October.

On October 29, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) King Salman Humanitarian Aid and Relief Center hosted the High-Level Meeting to Review Humanitarian Action Mechanisms in Yemen, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. USAID Counselor Thomas H. Staal attended the meeting, along with representatives from RoYG, KSA, the European Commission’s Directorate-General for Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection, and UK Department for International Development. Donors and UN agencies focused on the severity of the crisis and the need for increased support for the humanitarian response, strengthened coordination, and access to populations in need.

On October 24, U.S. Ambassador Matthew H. Tueller re-declared a disaster for the complex emergency in Yemen for FY 2018 due to continued humanitarian needs and the impact of the country’s political and economic crises on vulnerable populations.


HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO YEMEN IN FY 2017*

USAID/OFDA

$229,783,475

USAID/FFP

$369,629,239

State/PRM

$38,125,000

Total U.S. Government Assistance to Yemen and Neighboring Countries

$637,537,714

*These figures are current as of November 3, 2017

Background

Between 2004 and early 2015, conflict between the Republic of Yemen Government (RoYG) and Al Houthi opposition forces in the north and between Al Qaeda-affiliated groups and RoYG forces in the south, forced people in northern Yemen to repeatedly flee their homes, resulting in the need for humanitarian aid. At the same time, fighting between RoYG forces and tribal and militant groups since 2011 limited the capacity of the RoYG to provide basic services, and humanitarian needs increased among impoverished populations. In late March 2015, a coalition led by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia began airstrikes on Al Houthi and allied forces to halt their southward expansion. The ongoing conflict has damaged public infrastructure, interrupted essential services, displaced populations, and reduced the level of commercial imports to a fraction of the levels required to sustain the Yemeni population. The country relies on imports for 90 percent of its grain and other food sources. The escalated conflict, coupled with protracted political instability, the resulting economic crisis, rising fuel and food prices, and high unemployment, has left nearly 19 million people in need of humanitarian aid, and has put more than 17 million people at risk of starvation.

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Last updated: November 15, 2017

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