Yemen

Aaliyah, a 7-year-old IDP, fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water.
Aaliyah, a 7-year-old internally displaced person (IDP), fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water point funded by USAID/OFDA and installed by a USAID partner in Sana’a Governorate, Yemen.
USAID partner photo

Key Developments

Humanitarian organizations recorded a significant reduction of hostilities in Yemen’s Al Hudaydah city in mid-November amid an informal pause in fighting between Al Houthi forces and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA)-led Coalition. However, fighting in areas around the city resumed during the week of November 19, according to international media. In a November 26 statement, five international non-governmental organizations (NGOs) appealed to the U.S. Government (USG) to call on all parties to Yemen’s conflict to end hostilities, citing increasing humanitarian need across the country.

Health, nutrition, and water, sanitation, and hygiene actors have pre-positioned emergency relief supplies—including 121,000 liters of fuel for health facilities in conflictaffected Al Hudaydah; nutrition supplies sufficient to meet the needs of 56,200 children ages five years and younger experiencing moderate acute malnutrition and severe acute malnutrition; and 34,000 health kits—across Yemen sufficient to address humanitarian needs through December.

On November 28, the USG announced an additional $131 million in USAID's Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP)-funded emergency food assistance activities in Yemen. The new funding will support USAID/FFP partner the UN World Food Program to distribute an estimated 144,000 metric tons of emergency food assistance, sufficient to feed approximately 9.5 million food-insecure Yemenis for one month. The funding will also support USAID/FFP NGO partners to provide food vouchers to approximately 67,000 people in three governorates.


HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO YEMEN IN FY 2018*

USAID/OFDA

$179,130,277

USAID/FFP

$498,911,754

State/PRM

$18,900,000

Total U.S. Government Assistance to Yemen and Neighboring Countries

$696,942,031

*These figures are current as of December 4, 2018

Background

Between 2004 and early 2015, conflict between the Republic of Yemen Government (RoYG) and Al Houthi opposition forces in the north and between Al Qaeda-affiliated groups and RoYG forces in the south, forced people in northern Yemen to repeatedly flee their homes, resulting in the need for humanitarian aid. At the same time, fighting between RoYG forces and tribal and militant groups since 2011 limited the capacity of the RoYG to provide basic services, and humanitarian needs increased among impoverished populations. In late March 2015, a coalition led by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia began airstrikes on Al Houthi and allied forces to halt their southward expansion. The ongoing conflict has damaged public infrastructure, interrupted essential services, displaced populations, and reduced the level of commercial imports to a fraction of the levels required to sustain the Yemeni population. The country relies on imports for 90 percent of its grain and other food sources. The escalated conflict, coupled with protracted political instability, the resulting economic crisis, rising fuel and food prices, and high unemployment, has left nearly 19 million people in need of humanitarian aid, and has put more than 17 million people at risk of starvation.

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Last updated: December 06, 2018

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