Aaliyah, a 7-year-old IDP, fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water.
Aaliyah, a 7-year-old internally displaced person (IDP), fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water point funded by USAID/OFDA and installed by a USAID partner in Sana’a Governorate, Yemen.
USAID partner photo

Key Developments

Escalated conflict in Yemen’s Hajjah Governorate continues to result in civilian casualties and population displacement. Clashes from March 9–10 resulted in at least 22 civilian deaths and injured 30 people in the governorate, according to the UN. Additionally, the number of internally displaced persons in Hajjah increased from nearly 203,000 people to approximately 420,000 people between October 2018 and March 2019, the UN reports. While humanitarian organizations have scaled up response activities to meet the needs of displaced and conflict-affected populations, Hajjah’s Haradh, Hayran, and Midi districts remain inaccessible due to insecurity.

Health actors are reporting an increase in suspected cholera cases and related deaths across the country since the beginning of 2019, according to the UN World Health Organization. Between January 1 and March 28, health actors recorded nearly 148,000 suspected cholera cases, including 291 related deaths, compared to the more than 63,200 suspected cholera cases, including 32 related deaths, recorded during the same period in 2018.

In late February, the UN World Food Program (WFP) gained temporary access to Al Hudaydah Governorate’s Red Sea Mills facility, which stores wheat sufficient to feed 3.7 million people for one month, for the first time since September 2018, the UN agency reports. WFP continues to negotiate with local authorities to allow regular access to the facility to prepare for and resume milling operations.

With USAID/FFP support, WFP delivered emergency food assistance to approximately 9.3 million food-insecure people in February, reaching 200,000 more people than in January.








Total U.S. Government Assistance to Yemen and Neighboring Countries


*These figures are current as of April 5, 2019


Between 2004 and early 2015, conflict between the Republic of Yemen Government (RoYG) and Al Houthi opposition forces in the north and between Al Qaeda-affiliated groups and RoYG forces in the south, forced people in northern Yemen to repeatedly flee their homes, resulting in the need for humanitarian aid. At the same time, fighting between RoYG forces and tribal and militant groups since 2011 limited the capacity of the RoYG to provide basic services, and humanitarian needs increased among impoverished populations. In late March 2015, a coalition led by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia began airstrikes on Al Houthi and allied forces to halt their southward expansion. The ongoing conflict has damaged public infrastructure, interrupted essential services, displaced populations, and reduced the level of commercial imports to a fraction of the levels required to sustain the Yemeni population. The country relies on imports for 90 percent of its grain and other food sources. The escalated conflict, coupled with protracted political instability, the resulting economic crisis, rising fuel and food prices, and high unemployment, has left nearly 19 million people in need of humanitarian aid, and has put more than 17 million people at risk of starvation.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: April 12, 2019

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