Yemen

Aaliyah, a 7-year-old IDP, fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water.
Aaliyah, a 7-year-old internally displaced person (IDP), fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water point funded by USAID/OFDA and installed by a USAID partner in Sana’a Governorate, Yemen.
USAID partner photo

Key Developments

USAID partner the UN World Food Program (WFP) resumed food assistance distributions in Yemen’s capital city of Sana’a on August 21 after reaching a final agreement with Sana’a-based officials on independent targeting and beneficiary registration. The agreement will also allow WFP to begin the process of independently retargeting and registering approximately 9 million people in areas controlled by Sana’abased officials.

From August 8–11, clashes between Republic of Yemen Government (RoYG)-aligned forces and the Southern Transitional Council (STC) in southern Yemen’s Aden city, resulted in an unknown number of civilian casualties. In addition, the violence prompted the temporary closure of Aden airport, caused overcrowding at local hospitals, and restricted access to safe drinking water. Security conditions remained tenuous as of late August, with active clashes continuing in Aden and other areas of southern Yemen. USAID partners report no major impacts on relief activities, but remain concerned that continued conflict could result in further civilian casualties, disruption to services, and negative impacts on humanitarian programs.


Background

Between 2004 and early 2015, conflict between the Republic of Yemen Government (RoYG) and Al Houthi opposition forces in the north and between Al Qaeda-affiliated groups and RoYG forces in the south, forced people in northern Yemen to repeatedly flee their homes, resulting in the need for humanitarian aid. At the same time, fighting between RoYG forces and tribal and militant groups since 2011 limited the capacity of the RoYG to provide basic services, and humanitarian needs increased among impoverished populations. In late March 2015, a coalition led by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia began airstrikes on Al Houthi and allied forces to halt their southward expansion. The ongoing conflict has damaged public infrastructure, interrupted essential services, displaced populations, and reduced the level of commercial imports to a fraction of the levels required to sustain the Yemeni population. The country relies on imports for 90 percent of its grain and other food sources. The escalated conflict, coupled with protracted political instability, the resulting economic crisis, rising fuel and food prices, and high unemployment, has left nearly 19 million people in need of humanitarian aid, and has put more than 17 million people at risk of starvation.

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Last updated: September 04, 2019

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