Yemen

Aaliyah, a 7-year-old IDP, fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water.
Aaliyah, a 7-year-old internally displaced person (IDP), fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water point funded by USAID/OFDA and installed by a USAID partner in Sana’a Governorate, Yemen.
USAID partner photo

Key Developments

Humanitarian actors are preparing for the potential displacement of up to 340,000 people as the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia-led Coalition forces advance toward Al Hudaydah Governorate’s city of Al Hudaydah, the UN reports.

April marked the highest monthly civilian death toll in 2018. Conflict resulted in at least 236 deaths and nearly 240 injuries across Yemen, compared to 180 civilian deaths and injuries reported in March, according to the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights.

The MV Venus—the first containerized vessel to deliver supplies to Al Hudaydah Port since the November 2017 port closures—offloaded more than 9,800 metric tons (MT) of USAID Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP)-funded food commodities in late May.

Despite increasing impediments by local authorities and armed groups, humanitarian actors continue to provide emergency assistance to vulnerable populations in Yemen. USAID/FFP partner the UN World Food Program distributed emergency food assistance to nearly 6.9 million people in April.

In May, health actors launched the country’s first oral cholera vaccine campaign in Aden Governorate and commenced the second round of the diphtheria vaccination campaign, targeting approximately 2.7 million children in 39 Yemeni districts.

Relief agencies provided emergency food, shelter, and water, sanitation, and hygiene supplies in areas of Socotra Island and Al Mahrah Governorate after strong winds and flash flooding associated with Tropical Cyclone Mekunu resulted in the deaths of 24 people, infrastructure damage, loss of livelihoods, and power outages, according to the International Committee of the Red Cross and the UN.


HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO YEMEN IN FY 2017-2018*

USAID/OFDA

$231,180,626

USAID/FFP

$571,018,096

State/PRM

$52,025,000

Total U.S. Government Assistance to Yemen and Neighboring Countries

$854,223,722

*These figures are current as of June 8, 2018

Background

Between 2004 and early 2015, conflict between the Republic of Yemen Government (RoYG) and Al Houthi opposition forces in the north and between Al Qaeda-affiliated groups and RoYG forces in the south, forced people in northern Yemen to repeatedly flee their homes, resulting in the need for humanitarian aid. At the same time, fighting between RoYG forces and tribal and militant groups since 2011 limited the capacity of the RoYG to provide basic services, and humanitarian needs increased among impoverished populations. In late March 2015, a coalition led by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia began airstrikes on Al Houthi and allied forces to halt their southward expansion. The ongoing conflict has damaged public infrastructure, interrupted essential services, displaced populations, and reduced the level of commercial imports to a fraction of the levels required to sustain the Yemeni population. The country relies on imports for 90 percent of its grain and other food sources. The escalated conflict, coupled with protracted political instability, the resulting economic crisis, rising fuel and food prices, and high unemployment, has left nearly 19 million people in need of humanitarian aid, and has put more than 17 million people at risk of starvation.

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Last updated: June 11, 2018

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