Yemen

Aaliyah, a 7-year-old IDP, fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water.
Aaliyah, a 7-year-old internally displaced person (IDP), fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water point funded by USAID/OFDA and installed by a USAID partner in Sana’a Governorate, Yemen.
USAID partner photo

Key Developments

The UN World Health Organization reports more than 12,700 suspected cholera cases and 97 related deaths between October—when the outbreak was first confirmed—and December 28, 2016. Although the humanitarian community is responding through health and water, sanitation, and hygiene interventions, limited testing capabilities, bureaucratic impediments, and damaged or destroyed health infrastructure are impeding efforts to scale up the response.

Several commercial importers recently notified the Republic of Yemen Government of an inability to obtain a line of credit, a key component for facilitating the delivery of much-needed wheat supplies. While wheat imports increased in November and December compared to previous months, reduced access to lines of credit may significantly hinder commercial shipments to Yemen in the coming months. The country imports approximately 90 percent of its food and impediments to imports could lead to further deterioration in food security and increased malnutrition.

Conflict in Yemen has contributed to a nearly 200 percent increase in children under the age of five experiencing severe acute malnutrition (SAM) since 2014, according to the UN Children’s Fund. Countrywide, more than 462,000 children were experiencing SAM as of mid-December. The UN agency reports that a total of nearly 2.2 million children are acutely malnourished and require urgent assistance.


HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO YEMEN IN FY 2016*

USAID/OFDA

$81,576,334

USAID/FFP

$196,988,400

State/PRM

$48,950,000

Total U.S. Government Assistance to Yemen and Neighboring Countries

$327,514,734

*These figures are current as of January 6, 2016

Background

Since 2004, conflict between the RoYG and al-Houthi opposition forces has affected more than 1 million people and repeatedly displaced populations in northern Yemen. In the wake of the Arab Spring, increased fighting between RoYG military forces and tribal and militant groups further limited the capacity of the RoYG to provide basic services, exacerbated deteriorating humanitarian conditions among impoverished populations, and resulted in displacement in northern, central, and southern Yemen.

More recently, rising fuel and food prices, high levels of unemployment, conflict, and conflict-related displacement have left nearly half of Yemen’s 24.8 million people food insecure, of which 1 million children suffer from acute malnutrition—the second-highest child malnutrition level in the world. Although overall improvement in the security situation in southern Yemen since 2011 has facilitated the return of more than 150,000 IDPs to areas of origin since July 2012, Yemen hosts an increasing number of migrants and refugees—242,000, the majority from the Horn of Africa—who are also in need of humanitarian assistance.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: January 17, 2017

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