Yemen

Aaliyah, a 7-year-old IDP, fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water.
Aaliyah, a 7-year-old internally displaced person (IDP), fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water point funded by USAID/OFDA and installed by a USAID partner in Sana’a Governorate, Yemen.
USAID partner photo

Key Developments

On April 25, the UN and the governments of Sweden and Switzerland hosted a high-level pledging event in Geneva, Switzerland, to mobilize funding in support of the 2017 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) for Yemen. The HRP requests $2.1 billion to provide humanitarian assistance for an estimated 12 million people in the country. The event also advocated for increased humanitarian access to deliver emergency relief supplies and meet the acute needs of conflict-affected communities in Yemen, as well as for a political solution for the crisis.

During the event, international donors pledged nearly $1.1 billion toward critical response operations in Yemen. The U.S. Government (USG) announced approximately $94 million in additional funding for humanitarian activities, including emergency food assistance, health care, livelihood support, and nutrition and protection assistance. In total, the USG has contributed nearly $526 million for the Yemen humanitarian response in FY 2016 and to date in FY 2017.

Amid reports of a potential military attack on or near Al Houthi-controlled Al Hudaydah Port, UN Special Envoy for Yemen Ismail Ould Cheikh Ahmed has urged parties to the conflict in Yemen to refrain from conducting military operations near the port, which is an essential point of entry for commercial and humanitarian supplies into Yemen. The UN-led Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) in Yemen similarly raised this point in early April, calling on the parties to ensure the continued functioning of Al Hudaydah Port, which processes an estimated 70–80 percent of Yemen’s food and other critical imports. Both UN Special Envoy Ahmed and the HCT in Yemen stated that no viable substitutes for the port exist in terms of location and infrastructure.


HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO YEMEN IN FY 2016-2017*

USAID/OFDA

$118,461,453

USAID/FFP

$337,170,130

State/PRM

$70,350,000

Total U.S. Government Assistance to Yemen and Neighboring Countries

$525,981,583

*These figures are current as of April 26, 2017

Background

Between 2004 and early 2015, conflict between the Republic of Yemen Government (RoYG) and Al Houthi opposition forces in the north and between Al Qaeda-affiliated groups and RoYG forces in the south, forced people in northern Yemen to repeatedly flee their homes, resulting in the need for humanitarian aid. At the same time, fighting between RoYG forces and tribal and militant groups since 2011 limited the capacity of the RoYG to provide basic services, and humanitarian needs increased among impoverished populations. In late March 2015, a coalition led by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia began airstrikes on Al Houthi and allied forces to halt their southward expansion. The ongoing conflict has damaged public infrastructure, interrupted essential services, displaced populations, and reduced the level of commercial imports to a fraction of the levels required to sustain the Yemeni population. The country relies on imports for 90 percent of its grain and other food sources. The escalated conflict, coupled with protracted political instability, the resulting economic crisis, rising fuel and food prices, and high unemployment, has left nearly 19 million people in need of humanitarian aid, and has put more than 17 million people at risk of starvation.

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Last updated: May 05, 2017

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