Yemen

Aaliyah, a 7-year-old IDP, fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water.
Aaliyah, a 7-year-old internally displaced person (IDP), fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water point funded by USAID/OFDA and installed by a USAID partner in Sana’a Governorate, Yemen.
USAID partner photo

Key Developments

The Republic of Yemen Government (RoYG) and USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance partner the UN World Health Organization (WHO) report more than 17,300 suspected cholera cases and 99 related deaths between October 2016—when the outbreak was first confirmed—and January 23. The Cholera Task Force—comprising WHO, the RoYG Ministry of Public Health and Population, relief agencies, and other health stakeholders—continues to coordinate cholera surveillance, treatment, and prevention activities; however, WHO notes that poor access to health care services and ongoing insecurity are compromising response activities.

While food and fuel prices have recently stabilized, USAID’s Office of Food for Peace partner the UN World Food Program (WFP) reports that prices remained elevated compared to pre-crisis levels and that the availability of food and fuel commodities deteriorated during the month. In response, WFP and other members of the Food Security and Agriculture Cluster—the coordinating body for humanitarian food security and agriculture activities, comprising UN agencies, non-governmental organizations, and other stakeholders—provided emergency food assistance to approximately 4.2 million people in December 2016.

On January 17, the U.S. Government (USG) announced an additional $76 million to respond to humanitarian needs in Yemen, bringing total USG humanitarian assistance for the Yemen response to nearly $404 million since FY 2016. The newly announced assistance supports the provision of emergency food assistance and life-saving health and water, sanitation, and hygiene services to conflict-affected people in Yemen, as well as support for vulnerable migrants in Yemen, Djibouti, and Ethiopia.


HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO YEMEN IN FY 2016-2017*

USAID/OFDA

$83,858,747

USAID/FFP

$264,988,400

State/PRM

$55,050,000

Total U.S. Government Assistance to Yemen and Neighboring Countries

$403,897,147

*These figures are current as of January 26, 2017

Background

Since 2004, conflict between the RoYG and al-Houthi opposition forces has affected more than 1 million people and repeatedly displaced populations in northern Yemen. In the wake of the Arab Spring, increased fighting between RoYG military forces and tribal and militant groups further limited the capacity of the RoYG to provide basic services, exacerbated deteriorating humanitarian conditions among impoverished populations, and resulted in displacement in northern, central, and southern Yemen.

More recently, rising fuel and food prices, high levels of unemployment, conflict, and conflict-related displacement have left nearly half of Yemen’s 24.8 million people food insecure, of which 1 million children suffer from acute malnutrition—the second-highest child malnutrition level in the world. Although overall improvement in the security situation in southern Yemen since 2011 has facilitated the return of more than 150,000 IDPs to areas of origin since July 2012, Yemen hosts an increasing number of migrants and refugees—242,000, the majority from the Horn of Africa—who are also in need of humanitarian assistance.

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Last updated: February 17, 2017

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