Yemen

Aaliyah, a 7-year-old IDP, fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water.
Aaliyah, a 7-year-old internally displaced person (IDP), fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water point funded by USAID/OFDA and installed by partner ADRA in Sana’a Governorate, Yemen.
Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA)


Key Developments

The UN World Food Program (WFP), a partner of USAID's Office of Food for Peace, reports that a 12-truck convoy entered the Al Houthi-besieged districts of Al Qahira and Mudhafa in the city of Ta’izz on January 21, delivering 3,000 household food rations, sufficient to support 18,000 people for a one-month period. The emergency food parcels comprised wheat, pulses, sugar and vegetable oil. WFP has delivered emergency food assistance to some areas of the city since December 2015; however, active fighting, blockades, and bureaucratic impediments had prevented the UN agency from reaching besieged areas. According to the USAID-funded Famine Early Warning Systems Network most households in Ta’izz are experiencing Emergency—integrated food security phase classification (IPC) 4—levels of food insecurity.

Republic of Yemen Government (RoYG) Vice President Khaled Bahah and members of the RoYG cabinet returned to Yemen’s southern port city of Aden on January 25. The return of the Vice President and other officials is aimed at establishing a permanent government presence in Aden, according to international media reports; however, officials did not provide further information regarding an expected timeline.

The UN has indefinitely postponed the next round of peace talks between the RoYG, Al Houthi representatives, and other stakeholders due to ongoing disagreements regarding the start date and location of the talks. Although the UN had anticipated resuming negotiations by late January, the date remains undetermined.

 
Given the importance of a cessation of hostilities to the success of peace negotiations, the Special Envoy scheduled the next round of talks for mid-January to allow time for preparatory negotiations in Yemen and the region to ensure the sustainability of and adherence to a ceasefire, according to the UN.
 
Following the Special Envoy’s briefing to the UN Security Council on December 22, U.S. Ambassador to the UN Samantha Power also addressed the Council, emphasizing the importance of a de-escalation of hostilities and a lasting ceasefire. Ambassador Power reiterated that all parties to the conflict must fully adhere to international humanitarian law and urged all sides to refrain from indiscriminate attacks against civilians.
 

HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO YEMEN IN FY 2015*

USAID/OFDA

$62,029,644

USAID/FFP

$71,486,457

State/PRM

$45,300,000

Total U.S. Government Assistance to Yemen and Neighboring Countries

$178,816,101

*These figures are current as of January 28, 2016

Background

Since 2004, conflict between the RoYG and al-Houthi opposition forces has affected more than 1 million people and repeatedly displaced populations in northern Yemen. In the wake of the Arab Spring, increased fighting between RoYG military forces and tribal and militant groups further limited the capacity of the RoYG to provide basic services, exacerbated deteriorating humanitarian conditions among impoverished populations, and resulted in displacement in northern, central, and southern Yemen.

More recently, rising fuel and food prices, high levels of unemployment, conflict, and conflict-related displacement have left nearly half of Yemen’s 24.8 million people food insecure, of which 1 million children suffer from acute malnutrition—the second-highest child malnutrition level in the world. Although overall improvement in the security situation in southern Yemen since 2011 has facilitated the return of more than 150,000 IDPs to areas of origin since July 2012, Yemen hosts an increasing number of migrants and refugees—242,000, the majority from the Horn of Africa—who are also in need of humanitarian assistance.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: January 29, 2016

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