Yemen

Aaliyah, a 7-year-old IDP, fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water.
Aaliyah, a 7-year-old internally displaced person (IDP), fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water point funded by USAID/OFDA and installed by a USAID partner in Sana’a Governorate, Yemen.
USAID partner photo

Key Developments

The IPC Technical Working Group estimates that approximately 17 million people in Yemen will experience IPC 3—Crisis—or IPC 4—Emergency—levels of food insecurity between March and July 2017. Yemen’s acutely food-insecure population has increased by approximately 20 percent since June 2016.

U.S. Deputy Representative to the UN Ambassador Michele J. Sison addressed the UN Security Council on March 10 and urged all parties to the Yemen conflict to allow unfettered access for humanitarian aid and commercial imports, highlighting that conflict-affected populations in Yemen are at risk of experiencing Famine—IPC 5—levels of food insecurity.

On March 16, an attack by unconfirmed armed forces resulted in the deaths of more than 40 civilians, primarily Somali refugees, aboard a privately contracted boat approximately 30 miles from Al Hudaydah Port on Yemen’s western coast, according to international media.

Persistent insecurity along Yemen’s western coast, as well as port and overland transportation restrictions, has hindered humanitarian access and negatively affected the import and delivery of commercial and humanitarian commodities, such as food and fuel. UN agencies and other relief organizations, including U.S. Government partners, continue advocating to parties to the conflict for increased humanitarian access and secure transport routes to reach conflict-affected populations in need of urgent relief assistance.


HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO YEMEN IN FY 2016-2017*

USAID/OFDA

$111,877,579

USAID/FFP

$264,988,400

State/PRM

$55,050,000

Total U.S. Government Assistance to Yemen and Neighboring Countries

$431,915,979

*These figures are current as of March 31, 2017

Background

Since 2004, conflict between the RoYG and al-Houthi opposition forces has affected more than 1 million people and repeatedly displaced populations in northern Yemen. In the wake of the Arab Spring, increased fighting between RoYG military forces and tribal and militant groups further limited the capacity of the RoYG to provide basic services, exacerbated deteriorating humanitarian conditions among impoverished populations, and resulted in displacement in northern, central, and southern Yemen.

More recently, rising fuel and food prices, high levels of unemployment, conflict, and conflict-related displacement have left nearly half of Yemen’s 24.8 million people food insecure, of which 1 million children suffer from acute malnutrition—the second-highest child malnutrition level in the world. Although overall improvement in the security situation in southern Yemen since 2011 has facilitated the return of more than 150,000 IDPs to areas of origin since July 2012, Yemen hosts an increasing number of migrants and refugees—242,000, the majority from the Horn of Africa—who are also in need of humanitarian assistance.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: April 10, 2017

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