Yemen

Aaliyah, a 7-year-old IDP, fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water.
Aaliyah, a 7-year-old internally displaced person (IDP), fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water point funded by USAID/OFDA and installed by a USAID partner in Sana’a Governorate, Yemen.
USAID partner photo

Key Developments

On August 9, a Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA)-led Coalition airstrike hit a school bus near Dahyan market in northern Sa’dah Governorate, resulting in at least 40 deaths and injuring more than 60 people, according to the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights. Relief actors issued statements condemning the incidents and urging parties to the conflict to respect international humanitarian law and the safety of civilians.

Three explosions occurred at a fish market and near the gate of Al Thawra hospital in Al Hudaydah city on August 2, resulting in at least 55 civilian deaths and injuring at least 130 people, according to the UN World Health Organization (WHO).

On August 4, Yemeni national health authorities launched an oral cholera vaccination campaign that aims to reach more than 578,000 people in three priority districts across Al Hudaydah and Ibb governorates, according to WHO. Approximately 375,000 people across the three districts had received the vaccine as of August 7, the UN reports.

U.S. Deputy Secretary of State John J. Sullivan and USAID Administrator Mark Green met with international non-governmental organizations (INGOs) on July 31 to discuss humanitarian conditions in Yemen. INGO representatives reinforced the need for all parties to allow relief actors to provide neutral and impartial humanitarian assistance in all areas of Yemen


HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO YEMEN IN FY 2018*

USAID/OFDA

$105,769,503

USAID/FFP

$201,388,857

State/PRM

$13,900,000

Total U.S. Government Assistance to Yemen and Neighboring Countries

$321,058,360

*These figures are current as of August 10, 2018

Background

Between 2004 and early 2015, conflict between the Republic of Yemen Government (RoYG) and Al Houthi opposition forces in the north and between Al Qaeda-affiliated groups and RoYG forces in the south, forced people in northern Yemen to repeatedly flee their homes, resulting in the need for humanitarian aid. At the same time, fighting between RoYG forces and tribal and militant groups since 2011 limited the capacity of the RoYG to provide basic services, and humanitarian needs increased among impoverished populations. In late March 2015, a coalition led by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia began airstrikes on Al Houthi and allied forces to halt their southward expansion. The ongoing conflict has damaged public infrastructure, interrupted essential services, displaced populations, and reduced the level of commercial imports to a fraction of the levels required to sustain the Yemeni population. The country relies on imports for 90 percent of its grain and other food sources. The escalated conflict, coupled with protracted political instability, the resulting economic crisis, rising fuel and food prices, and high unemployment, has left nearly 19 million people in need of humanitarian aid, and has put more than 17 million people at risk of starvation.

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Last updated: August 15, 2018

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