Yemen

Aaliyah, a 7-year-old IDP, fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water.
Aaliyah, a 7-year-old internally displaced person (IDP), fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water point funded by USAID/OFDA and installed by a USAID partner in Sana’a Governorate, Yemen.
USAID partner photo

Key Developments

Fighting continues in eastern and southern areas of Al Hudaydah Governorate’s Al Hudaydah city and along the governorate’s western coastline, resulting in civilian casualties and damage to civilian infrastructure, the UN reports. Since June, insecurity in Al Hudaydah Governorate has contributed to more than 170 deaths and the injury of at least 1,700 people, according to the UN World Health Organization.

Areas of southern Yemen, including Aden Governorate, have experienced increased civil unrest in recent weeks due to deteriorating economic conditions, with early October public demonstrations in Aden city resulting in humanitarian movement restrictions, according to the UN.

Depreciation of the Yemeni riyal and resulting increases in the prices of essential food and fuel commodities continue to reduce the purchasing power of vulnerable Yemeni households, prompting some to adopt negative coping strategies, the UN reports.

The second round of an oral cholera vaccine campaign in three districts in Al Hudaydah and Ibb governorates reached more than 306,000 people from September 30 to October 5. As of early October, nearly 70 percent of Yemeni districts continued to report suspected cholera cases, according to the UN.

Tropical Cyclone Luban made landfall on Yemen’s southeastern coast on October 14, bringing heavy rain, strong winds, and widespread flooding to Al Mahrah Governorate, the UN reports. The storm resulted in at least three deaths, injured more than 100 people, and significantly affected or displaced more than 3,000 households.


HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO YEMEN IN FY 2018*

USAID/OFDA

$179,130,277

USAID/FFP

$368,242,992

State/PRM

$18,900,000

Total U.S. Government Assistance to Yemen and Neighboring Countries

$566,273,269

*These figures are current as of October 19, 2018

Background

Between 2004 and early 2015, conflict between the Republic of Yemen Government (RoYG) and Al Houthi opposition forces in the north and between Al Qaeda-affiliated groups and RoYG forces in the south, forced people in northern Yemen to repeatedly flee their homes, resulting in the need for humanitarian aid. At the same time, fighting between RoYG forces and tribal and militant groups since 2011 limited the capacity of the RoYG to provide basic services, and humanitarian needs increased among impoverished populations. In late March 2015, a coalition led by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia began airstrikes on Al Houthi and allied forces to halt their southward expansion. The ongoing conflict has damaged public infrastructure, interrupted essential services, displaced populations, and reduced the level of commercial imports to a fraction of the levels required to sustain the Yemeni population. The country relies on imports for 90 percent of its grain and other food sources. The escalated conflict, coupled with protracted political instability, the resulting economic crisis, rising fuel and food prices, and high unemployment, has left nearly 19 million people in need of humanitarian aid, and has put more than 17 million people at risk of starvation.

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Last updated: October 22, 2018

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