Yemen

Aaliyah, a 7-year-old IDP, fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water.
Aaliyah, a 7-year-old internally displaced person (IDP), fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water point funded by USAID/OFDA and installed by a USAID partner in Sana’a Governorate, Yemen.
USAID partner photo

Key Developments

Peace negotiations continue in Kuwait as Republic of Yemen Government (RoYG), Al Houthi, and other stakeholder representatives discuss economic, humanitarian, and political challenges, the UN reports. As of mid-May, UN Special Envoy for Yemen Ismail Ould Cheikh Ahmed had expressed optimism that parties to the conflict could reach agreement on all terms of the negotiations if constructive engagement continues.

The International Organization for Migration (IOM) and the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) recently released a report estimating that conflict in Yemen had internally displaced approximately 2.1 million people as of April 30, representing a 25 percent decrease from the nearly 2.8 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) reported in March. IOM and UNHCR attribute the decrease primarily to improved tracking methodology and significant IDP returns, particularly in Aden and Lahij governorates, as well as the city of Sana’a. The decrease in IDPs may be linked to the early April implementation of the cessation of hostilities agreement; however, the Task Force for Population Movement reports that this remains an assumption and the full effect of the agreement on displacement within Yemen remains unclear.

The partial suspension of oil production, decreased exports, and a reduction in tax revenue have contributed to an approximately 54 percent decline in total public revenue in Yemen since the escalation of the conflict in March 2015, according to the RoYG Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation. In addition, conflict-related market disruptions, the depreciation of the Yemeni rial, and increasing inflation rates have halted the implementation of public social welfare programs and significantly reduced household purchasing power, exacerbating the humanitarian situation for conflict-affected populations.


HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO YEMEN IN FY 2016*

USAID/OFDA

$22,135,071

USAID/FFP

$105,025,450

State/PRM

$11,750,000

Total U.S. Government Assistance to Yemen and Neighboring Countries

$138,910,521

*These figures are current as of June 10, 2016

Background

Since 2004, conflict between the RoYG and al-Houthi opposition forces has affected more than 1 million people and repeatedly displaced populations in northern Yemen. In the wake of the Arab Spring, increased fighting between RoYG military forces and tribal and militant groups further limited the capacity of the RoYG to provide basic services, exacerbated deteriorating humanitarian conditions among impoverished populations, and resulted in displacement in northern, central, and southern Yemen.

More recently, rising fuel and food prices, high levels of unemployment, conflict, and conflict-related displacement have left nearly half of Yemen’s 24.8 million people food insecure, of which 1 million children suffer from acute malnutrition—the second-highest child malnutrition level in the world. Although overall improvement in the security situation in southern Yemen since 2011 has facilitated the return of more than 150,000 IDPs to areas of origin since July 2012, Yemen hosts an increasing number of migrants and refugees—242,000, the majority from the Horn of Africa—who are also in need of humanitarian assistance.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: June 13, 2016

Share This Page