Yemen

Aaliyah, a 7-year-old IDP, fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water.
Aaliyah, a 7-year-old internally displaced person (IDP), fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water point funded by USAID/OFDA and installed by a USAID partner in Sana’a Governorate, Yemen.
USAID partner photo

Key Developments

Military operations by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia-led Coalition and Royal Government of Yemen forces had displaced more than 34,000 people from Ta’izz Governorate’s Dhubab and Mocha districts as of February 10, the UN reports. An estimated 13,000 people remained trapped in Dhubab and Mocha due to ongoing clashes. As access allows, relief organizations—including USG partners—are responding to the humanitarian needs of displaced populations, the majority of whom have fled to adjacent districts in Ta’izz and southern areas of Al Hudaydah Governorate.

On February 6, the UN released preliminary findings of its Yemen Emergency Food Security and Nutritional Assessment—a countrywide assessment conducted in November 2016 by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization, the UN Children’s Fund, and the UN World Food Program. According to the assessment, 65 percent of Yemen’s population is food-insecure, compared to 41 percent pre-crisis, and 11 of Yemen’s governorates exceed UN World Health Organization thresholds for critical or serious malnutrition.

On February 8, the UN launched the 2017 Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan, which requests approximately $2.1 billion to reach an estimated 12 million conflict-affected people with life-saving assistance in 2017.


HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO YEMEN IN FY 2016-2017*

USAID/OFDA

$107,588,220

USAID/FFP

$264,988,400

State/PRM

$55,050,000

Total U.S. Government Assistance to Yemen and Neighboring Countries

$427,626,620

*These figures are current as of February 17, 2017

Background

Since 2004, conflict between the RoYG and al-Houthi opposition forces has affected more than 1 million people and repeatedly displaced populations in northern Yemen. In the wake of the Arab Spring, increased fighting between RoYG military forces and tribal and militant groups further limited the capacity of the RoYG to provide basic services, exacerbated deteriorating humanitarian conditions among impoverished populations, and resulted in displacement in northern, central, and southern Yemen.

More recently, rising fuel and food prices, high levels of unemployment, conflict, and conflict-related displacement have left nearly half of Yemen’s 24.8 million people food insecure, of which 1 million children suffer from acute malnutrition—the second-highest child malnutrition level in the world. Although overall improvement in the security situation in southern Yemen since 2011 has facilitated the return of more than 150,000 IDPs to areas of origin since July 2012, Yemen hosts an increasing number of migrants and refugees—242,000, the majority from the Horn of Africa—who are also in need of humanitarian assistance.

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Last updated: February 22, 2017

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