Yemen

Aaliyah, a 7-year-old IDP, fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water.
Aaliyah, a 7-year-old internally displaced person (IDP), fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water point funded by USAID/OFDA and installed by a USAID partner in Sana’a Governorate, Yemen.
USAID partner photo

Key Developments

UN Special Envoy for Yemen Ismail Ould Cheikh Ahmed and Yemeni delegates resumed Kuwait-based peace negotiations on July 16; the resumption follows a consultative period between July 1 and 15 that allowed delegations to meet with respective leaders and the UN Special Envoy to meet with key stakeholders.

During the two-week pause, the UN Special Envoy convened meetings with Republic of Yemen Government (RoYG) President Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi, Secretary-General of the Gulf Cooperation Council Abdullatif bin Rashid Al Zayani, and other government officials and stakeholders in Oman, Saudi Arabia, and Yemen to discuss security, political, economic, and humanitarian issues and urge support for a comprehensive solution to the ongoing conflict. The UN Special Envoy reports the restarted peace talks will continue for two weeks, focusing on the consolidation of the cessation of hostilities agreement, activation of the De-escalation and Coordination Committee, the formation of the military committees that will supervise the withdrawal and handing over of weapons, and the opening of secure humanitarian assistance corridors.

In June, Yemen imported only 25 percent of its monthly fuel requirement, a decrease from 30 percent in May, according to the Logistics Cluster—the coordinating body for humanitarian logistics activities, comprising UN agencies, non-governmental organizations, and other stakeholders. Despite humanitarian constraints between late June and mid-July, including insecurity and insufficient fuel imports, relief organizations continued delivering assistance to populations in need across Yemen. In recent weeks, USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance partners provided emergency health, nutrition, and water, sanitation, and hygiene assistance across seven governorates, and USAID's Office of Food for Peace partner the UN World Food Program reached more than 3.5 million people with general food distributions in June.


HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO YEMEN IN FY 2016*

USAID/OFDA

$22,135,071

USAID/FFP

$105,025,450

State/PRM

$11,750,000

Total U.S. Government Assistance to Yemen and Neighboring Countries

$138,910,521

*These figures are current as of July 21, 2016

Background

Since 2004, conflict between the RoYG and al-Houthi opposition forces has affected more than 1 million people and repeatedly displaced populations in northern Yemen. In the wake of the Arab Spring, increased fighting between RoYG military forces and tribal and militant groups further limited the capacity of the RoYG to provide basic services, exacerbated deteriorating humanitarian conditions among impoverished populations, and resulted in displacement in northern, central, and southern Yemen.

More recently, rising fuel and food prices, high levels of unemployment, conflict, and conflict-related displacement have left nearly half of Yemen’s 24.8 million people food insecure, of which 1 million children suffer from acute malnutrition—the second-highest child malnutrition level in the world. Although overall improvement in the security situation in southern Yemen since 2011 has facilitated the return of more than 150,000 IDPs to areas of origin since July 2012, Yemen hosts an increasing number of migrants and refugees—242,000, the majority from the Horn of Africa—who are also in need of humanitarian assistance.

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Last updated: July 22, 2016

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