Yemen

Aaliyah, a 7-year-old IDP, fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water.
Aaliyah, a 7-year-old internally displaced person (IDP), fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water point funded by USAID/OFDA and installed by a USAID partner in Sana’a Governorate, Yemen.
USAID partner photo

Key Developments

On April 3, the UN and governments of Sweden and Switzerland hosted a high-level pledging conference in Geneva, Switzerland, where donors pledged $2 billion toward critical response operations in Yemen. The U.S. Government (USG) announced approximately $87 million in FY 2018 humanitarian funding for Yemen. The funding includes approximately $71.4 million from USAID’s Office of Food for Peace, $13.9 million from U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration, and $1.4 million from USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance, bringing total USG humanitarian assistance for Yemen to more than $854 million since FY 2017. The funding supports UN agencies and non-governmental organizations to provide food, shelter, protection, and emergency assistance, as well as health and water, sanitation, and hygiene services to prevent and treat infectious disease outbreaks.

Since December 2017, ground fighting between forces loyal to the Republic of Yemen Government and armed opposition groups displaced more than 94,400 people from and within Al Hudaydah and Ta’izz, the Camp Coordination and Camp Management and Shelter clusters report. Humanitarian agencies, including USG partners, are providing emergency assistance for affected populations.

On March 19, a UN World Food Program-chartered vessel carrying 30,000 metric tons of U.S. in-kind wheat grain—sufficient to feed nearly 2.7 million people for one month—arrived at southern Yemen’s Aden Port.

From March 10–16, the Sana’a-based Ministry of Public Health and Population and the UN conducted a vaccination campaign targeting 2.7 million children ages six weeks to 15 years of age for the prevention of five infectious diseases, including diphtheria, across 11 governorates.


HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO YEMEN IN FY 2017-2018*

USAID/OFDA

$231,180,626

USAID/FFP

$571,018,096

State/PRM

$52,025,000

Total U.S. Government Assistance to Yemen and Neighboring Countries

$854,223,722

*These figures are current as of April 3, 2018

Background

Between 2004 and early 2015, conflict between the Republic of Yemen Government (RoYG) and Al Houthi opposition forces in the north and between Al Qaeda-affiliated groups and RoYG forces in the south, forced people in northern Yemen to repeatedly flee their homes, resulting in the need for humanitarian aid. At the same time, fighting between RoYG forces and tribal and militant groups since 2011 limited the capacity of the RoYG to provide basic services, and humanitarian needs increased among impoverished populations. In late March 2015, a coalition led by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia began airstrikes on Al Houthi and allied forces to halt their southward expansion. The ongoing conflict has damaged public infrastructure, interrupted essential services, displaced populations, and reduced the level of commercial imports to a fraction of the levels required to sustain the Yemeni population. The country relies on imports for 90 percent of its grain and other food sources. The escalated conflict, coupled with protracted political instability, the resulting economic crisis, rising fuel and food prices, and high unemployment, has left nearly 19 million people in need of humanitarian aid, and has put more than 17 million people at risk of starvation.

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Last updated: April 04, 2018

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