Yemen

Aaliyah, a 7-year-old IDP, fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water.
Aaliyah, a 7-year-old internally displaced person (IDP), fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water point funded by USAID/OFDA and installed by a USAID partner in Sana’a Governorate, Yemen.
USAID partner photo

Key Developments

On July 8, U.S. President Donald J. Trump announced nearly $639 million in new humanitarian funding to support emergency response activities in Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, and Yemen—the four conflict-affected countries facing severe food insecurity and malnutrition crises—as well as neighboring countries hosting refugees fleeing those crises. The new funding includes nearly $192 million for Yemen, which brings the total U.S. Government (USG) humanitarian assistance in Yemen to more than $467.2 million to date in FY 2017. UN agencies and non-governmental organizations plan to use the new assistance from USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance, USAID's Office of Food for Peace, and the U.S. Department of State's Population, Refugees, and Migration, to address Yemen’s deteriorating food security crisis and unprecedented cholera outbreak, primarily.

As of July 7, health agencies had recorded more than 297,400 new suspected cholera cases and 1,706 associated deaths. The UN has declared Yemen’s cholera outbreak the largest in the world. USG partners are coordinating with local authorities and other relief agencies to scale up health, nutrition, and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) activities countrywide under the UN Integrated Cholera Response Plan.

As of April 2017, more than 75 percent of Yemen’s population, or 20.7 million people, were in need of humanitarian assistance, an increase of approximately 2 million people since November 2016, according the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. The UN agency cited amplified WASH needs, primarily driven by the renewed cholera outbreak, and worsening levels of food security as the main contributors to the increase in the number of people requiring assistance.


HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO YEMEN IN FY 2017*

USAID/OFDA

$115,313,225

USAID/FFP

$313,802,384

State/PRM

$38,125,000

Total U.S. Government Assistance to Yemen and Neighboring Countries

$467,240,609

*These figures are current as of July 10, 2017

Background

Between 2004 and early 2015, conflict between the Republic of Yemen Government (RoYG) and Al Houthi opposition forces in the north and between Al Qaeda-affiliated groups and RoYG forces in the south, forced people in northern Yemen to repeatedly flee their homes, resulting in the need for humanitarian aid. At the same time, fighting between RoYG forces and tribal and militant groups since 2011 limited the capacity of the RoYG to provide basic services, and humanitarian needs increased among impoverished populations. In late March 2015, a coalition led by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia began airstrikes on Al Houthi and allied forces to halt their southward expansion. The ongoing conflict has damaged public infrastructure, interrupted essential services, displaced populations, and reduced the level of commercial imports to a fraction of the levels required to sustain the Yemeni population. The country relies on imports for 90 percent of its grain and other food sources. The escalated conflict, coupled with protracted political instability, the resulting economic crisis, rising fuel and food prices, and high unemployment, has left nearly 19 million people in need of humanitarian aid, and has put more than 17 million people at risk of starvation.

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Last updated: July 10, 2017

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