Yemen

Aaliyah, a 7-year-old IDP, fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water.
Aaliyah, a 7-year-old internally displaced person (IDP), fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water point funded by USAID/OFDA and installed by a USAID partner in Sana’a Governorate, Yemen.
USAID partner photo

Key Developments

Al Houthi and Republic of Yemen Government representatives agreed to withdraw forces from Al Hudaydah city and port during UN-led consultations in mid-December. Although the deadline for forces to depart Al Hudaydah city has passed, the ceasefire remained in effect as of February 7.

Fighting between Al Houthi forces and those backed by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia-led Coalition in Hajjah Governorate has intensified in recent weeks, resulting in at least 30 civilian deaths from January 5–30, the UN reports. Shelling killed eight civilians sheltering at a collective center for internally displaced persons in Hajjah’s Haradh District on January 26.

On January 25, mortar shells caused a fire at Al Hudaydah city’s Red Sea Mills facility—a UN World Food Program (WFP)-utilized milling facility that has been inaccessible due to fighting since late September. The fire damaged one silo containing approximately 4,500 metric tons of WFP-supplied wheat; however, insecurity continues to prevent WFP from visiting the facility to assess damage to the UN agency’s commodities.

Approximately 63,500 people in Yemen are experiencing Catastrophe—IPC 5—levels of severe acute food insecurity and require humanitarian food assistance for survival, according to a December IPC Acute Food Insecurity Analysis. The IPC report indicates the number of people experiencing Catastrophe levels of severe acute food insecurity would be higher in the absence of humanitarian assistance.


HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO YEMEN IN FY 2018 - 2019*

USAID/OFDA

$179,130,277

USAID/FFP

$498,911,754

State/PRM

$18,900,000

Total U.S. Government Assistance to Yemen and Neighboring Countries

$696,942,031

*These figures are current as of February 8, 2019

Background

Between 2004 and early 2015, conflict between the Republic of Yemen Government (RoYG) and Al Houthi opposition forces in the north and between Al Qaeda-affiliated groups and RoYG forces in the south, forced people in northern Yemen to repeatedly flee their homes, resulting in the need for humanitarian aid. At the same time, fighting between RoYG forces and tribal and militant groups since 2011 limited the capacity of the RoYG to provide basic services, and humanitarian needs increased among impoverished populations. In late March 2015, a coalition led by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia began airstrikes on Al Houthi and allied forces to halt their southward expansion. The ongoing conflict has damaged public infrastructure, interrupted essential services, displaced populations, and reduced the level of commercial imports to a fraction of the levels required to sustain the Yemeni population. The country relies on imports for 90 percent of its grain and other food sources. The escalated conflict, coupled with protracted political instability, the resulting economic crisis, rising fuel and food prices, and high unemployment, has left nearly 19 million people in need of humanitarian aid, and has put more than 17 million people at risk of starvation.

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Last updated: February 13, 2019

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