Yemen

Aaliyah, a 7-year-old IDP, fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water.
Aaliyah, a 7-year-old internally displaced person (IDP), fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water point funded by USAID/OFDA and installed by a USAID partner in Sana’a Governorate, Yemen.
USAID partner photo

Key Developments

Conflict—including ground fighting between Republic of Yemen Government (RoYG) and Al Houthi forces, and airstrikes by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA)-led Coalition —continued through mid-September, resulting in additional civilian deaths and further destruction of public infrastructure. Fighting has resulted in approximately 10,000 deaths since conflict began in March 2015, with KSA-led Coalition airstrikes accounting for nearly 60 percent of the reported deaths, according to UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator Jamie McGoldrick in media reports.

The humanitarian crisis in Yemen is among the worst in the world, according to remarks by UN Under-Secretary General and Emergency Relief Coordinator Stephen O’Brien at an event during the UN General Assembly on September 21. O’Brien highlighted the need for safe humanitarian access and called on all parties to comply with international humanitarian and human rights law.

In an August 31 UN Security Council briefing, UN Special Envoy for Yemen Ismail Ould Cheikh Ahmed expressed concern about the breakdown of the cessation of hostilities agreement reached in April, noting that the escalation in fighting since early August has led to additional civilian casualties and increased humanitarian needs.

On September 18, RoYG President Abd Rabbu Mansur Hadi ordered the Central Bank of Yemen (CBY) to relocate from the Al Houthi-controlled capital city of Sana’a to the RoYG–held city of Aden. Relocation of the CBY could have humanitarian and economic consequences, according to international media.

On September 6, Médecins du Monde (MDM)—a non-governmental organization (NGO) providing emergency medical assistance to vulnerable populations in Ibb and Sana’a governorates—temporarily suspended operations and withdrew staff from Sana’a due to increased attacks. MDM is the second NGO to suspend activities in acutely conflict-affected areas in recent weeks; on August 18, Médecins Sans Frontières withdrew from six hospitals in Hajjah and Sa’dah due to insecurity


HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO YEMEN IN FY 2016*

USAID/OFDA

$81,528,380

USAID/FFP

$196,988,400

State/PRM

$48,950,000

Total U.S. Government Assistance to Yemen and Neighboring Countries

$327,466,780

*These figures are current as of September 23, 2016

Background

Since 2004, conflict between the RoYG and al-Houthi opposition forces has affected more than 1 million people and repeatedly displaced populations in northern Yemen. In the wake of the Arab Spring, increased fighting between RoYG military forces and tribal and militant groups further limited the capacity of the RoYG to provide basic services, exacerbated deteriorating humanitarian conditions among impoverished populations, and resulted in displacement in northern, central, and southern Yemen.

More recently, rising fuel and food prices, high levels of unemployment, conflict, and conflict-related displacement have left nearly half of Yemen’s 24.8 million people food insecure, of which 1 million children suffer from acute malnutrition—the second-highest child malnutrition level in the world. Although overall improvement in the security situation in southern Yemen since 2011 has facilitated the return of more than 150,000 IDPs to areas of origin since July 2012, Yemen hosts an increasing number of migrants and refugees—242,000, the majority from the Horn of Africa—who are also in need of humanitarian assistance.

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Last updated: September 26, 2016

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