Venezuela Regional Crisis

The U.S. is providing humanitarian assistance for people fleeing crisis in Venezuela.
The U.S. is providing humanitarian assistance for people fleeing crisis in Venezuela.

Key Developments

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) and Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) are responding to a complex emergency stemming from an influx of people fleeing an economic and political crisis in Venezuela to neighboring countries, including BrazilColombia, Ecuador, and Peru. Approximately 3.4 million Venezuelans have fled their country, with nearly 1.2 million people fleeing to Colombia

A series of nationwide blackouts that began in early March have exacerbated humanitarian needs across Venezuela and continued to affect many areas of the country as of the end of March, media report. The outages are significantly impacting health care services, decreasing access to safe drinking water, and further limiting food availability in Venezuela, prompting protests in cities across the country.

In early April, in coordination with the governments ofCuraçao and the Netherlands,USAID pre-positioned four Interagency Emergency Health Kits (IEHKs) inCuraçao as part of the USG efforts to help vulnerable households affected by the crisis in Venezuela. Each IEHK contains medicines and medical supplies sufficient to meet the emergency health needs of approximately 10,000 people for 90 days. In total, the USG has pre-positioned nearly 546 metric tons of food, health, hygiene, and nutrition commodities in Colombia, Brazil, and Curaçao since early February.

On April 10, U.S. Vice President Michael R. Pence announced nearly $61 million in additional U.S. Government (USG) assistance in response to the Venezuela regional crisis. The assistance includes $13.3 million from USAID/OFDA, $16.2 million from USAID/FFP, and $31.4 million from the U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (State/PRM) to address needs throughout the region.


Deteriorating economic and political conditions in the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela since 2014 have contributed to increasing humanitarian needs and triggered an influx of Venezuelans into neighboring countries, including Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Trinidad and Tobago, in recent months. Economic conditions inside Venezuela, characterized by hyperinflation, continue to worsen. The UN estimates that 3.4 million Venezuelans have left the country since 2014, with displacement projected to continue during 2019.

The population influx is straining the capacity of services, particularly in border areas of Brazil and Colombia. Recent assessments indicate food, health care services, nutrition assistance, and water, sanitation, and hygiene support are among the most urgent humanitarian needs of Venezuelans and host communities in border regions.

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Last updated: June 20, 2019

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