Ukraine

Ukraine Infrastructure Damage
Conflict has damaged infrastructure in eastern Ukraine.
Implementing Partner

Latest Ukraine Fact Sheet

Key Developments

Leaders of the Normandy Four countries—comprising the Government of the Republic of France, Government of the Federal Republic of Germany, Government of the Russian Federation, and Government of Ukraine (GoU)—met in France in December to make progress towards a comprehensive peace deal and improved humanitarian conditions in conflict-affected areas of eastern Ukraine. Parties to the conflict agreed to release additional detainees, open a new civilian crossing point along the contact line separating government-controlled areas and non-government controlled-areas in eastern Ukraine, and withdraw additional military forces from areas near the contact line.

Humanitarian actors reported relatively improved security conditions in conflict-affected areas of Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts in 2019 compared to 2018. A security-focused international non-governmental organization recorded a 22 percent decrease in security incidents and a 44 percent decrease in conflict-related civilian casualties in 2019. However, conflict continues to adversely affect civilian infrastructure, freedom of movement, and access to essential services, including education, health care, and safe drinking water. 

The UN released the 2020 Ukraine Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) on January 29, requesting $158 million to support 2 million conflict-affected individuals with emergency assistance. The scope of the 2020 HRP represents a slight decrease from the 2019 HRP, which requested $162 million to support 2.3 million conflict-affected individuals. 

Access to legal assistance remains an ongoing concern for internally displaced individuals (IDPs) in Ukraine. In response, USAID staff traveled to Chernihiv Oblast to monitor a partner providing legal assistance to IDPs, as well as meet GoU officials to discuss administrative and legal challenges IDPs face in accessing social benefits. The U.S. Government and other humanitarian actors also continue to advocate for the GoU to streamline legal assistance programs for IDPs.   

Background

Since March 2014, the conflict in eastern Ukraine has caused large-scale population displacement and widespread damage to infrastructure. The heaviest fighting has occurred in the easternmost oblasts bordering Russia, particularly Donetsk and Luhansk; however, the large influx of internally displaced persons has negatively affected neighboring oblasts. As of April 2018, the Government of Ukraine estimates that the conflict has forced 1.5 million people to flee their homes. In addition, the UN estimates that 3.4 million people in eastern Ukraine require humanitarian assistance in 2018.

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Last updated: February 07, 2020

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