Syria Humanitarian Aid
USAID is providing humanitarian aid to more than 5 million Syrians each month.
Zein Al Rifa, AFP

Key Developments

Relief actors report increased airstrikes in Idlib Governorate since mid-October, including strikes on a surgical hospital in Kafr Nobol town, a maternal and pediatric hospital in Ariha sub-district, a primary health care center and an ambulance center in Jisr alShughur, and a displacement camp and maternity hospital in Qah village. The attacks targeted civilian and humanitarian infrastructure and resulted in multiple deaths and injuries in October and November.

Approximately 75,000 people remain internally displaced across northeast Syria due to military operations conducted by the Turkish Armed Forces (TAF) and Turkishsupported armed opposition groups (AOGs) that began on October 9, according to the UN. More than 117,000 people displaced by the operations had returned to areas of origin as of November 19.

At least 200 people per day crossed from Syria to Iraq during mid- to late November as clashes between the Syrian Democratic Forces and the TAF and Turkish-supported AOGs persisted in northeast Syria, according to the International Organization for Migration. In total, more than 17,500 people fled to Iraq between October 14 and December 3 due to military operations, including approximately 3,600 people since early November.

More than 68,700 individuals continued to shelter at Al Hasakah’s Al Hol camp as of November 19, according to the UN. Since early June, nearly 3,000 people have departed the camp, of whom approximately half are Syrian and half are third-country nationals. The UN also reports that some irregular departures took place in November, including the return of nearly 50 Iraqi refugees to Iraq through an informal crossing.


The Syrian conflict is the largest and most complex humanitarian crisis of our time, driving record levels of displacement. Nearly 12 million people are displaced within Syria or have fled to neighboring countries. Approximately 60% of the current population—or 11.7 million people—are in need of humanitarian aid. The emergence of ISIS exacerbated the protracted crisis, where the Assad regime has waged an unrelenting campaign of bloodshed and violence against its own people for more than eight years.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: January 17, 2020

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