Sudan

Sudanese Family
1.7 million people, like this Sudanese family, have been displaced by ongoing violence.
AFP Photo/Ashraf Shazly

Latest Sudan Fact Sheet

 

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Key Developments

Humanitarian actors are responding to the needs of people displaced by persistent conflict in Darfur Region’s Jebel Marra area—a mountainous region that encompasses parts of Central, North, and South Darfur states.

Insecurity and related displacement and livelihood disruptions will likely increase food insecurity in the Two Areas of Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states, as well as the Darfur Region, through September 2016, according to the USAID-funded Famine Early Warning Systems Network.

In response to the ongoing influx of South Sudanese refugees to Sudan, particularly East Darfur State, humanitarian organizations are scaling up multi-sector relief activities to address outstanding needs, including food assistance; protection; health; and water, sanitation and hygiene response gaps, according to the UN.

Background

Sudan continues to cope with the effects of conflict, economic shocks, and perennial environmental hazards, such as drought and flooding, while insecurity, access restrictions, and bureaucratic impediments limit the ability of relief agencies to respond effectively to humanitarian and recovery needs.

Since 2003, the complex emergency in the Darfur region of western Sudan has affected more than 4.7 million people, including more than 1.4 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) who remain in camps, according to the U.N. An upsurge in conflict among the Sudanese Armed Forces, armed opposition groups, militias, and ethnic groups displaced more people—both internally and as refugees to neighboring countries—in the first six months of 2013 than in 2011 and 2012 combined.

In Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states, Sudan’s “Two Areas,” fighting that began in mid-2011 between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North continues. The conflict has severely affected or displaced more than 1.1 million people within the Two Areas and caused more than 234,000 people to flee to neighboring countries, mostly South Sudan, according to the U.N.

The United States has declared disasters in Sudan due to complex emergency each year since 1987. As the largest international donor of humanitarian aid in Sudan, the United States continues to provide impartial, needs-based assistance to all accessible areas and populations, including displaced and otherwise conflict-affected people, individuals living in IDP camps, local communities hosting IDPs, and formerly-displaced returnees.

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    Last updated: June 03, 2016

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