Sudanese Family
In Sudan 5.8 million people, like this family, need humanitarian assistance.
AFP Photo/Ashraf Shazly

Latest Sudan Fact Sheet


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Key Developments

On January 13, the U.S. Government (USG) announced that it would ease certain trade and investment sanctions on Sudan, following positive bilateral engagement with the Government of Sudan (GoS) on a variety of issues, including humanitarian access, since mid-2016.

The GoS published revised Directives and Procedures for Humanitarian Action in Sudan in late December 2016. The revision includes several notable changes that, when implemented, will facilitate improved access.

The UN and the GoS recently concluded the first multi-sector, interagency assessment of humanitarian conditions in Central Darfur State’s Golo town since 2012. The UN, USG, and relief organizations continue to monitor humanitarian needs, advocate with officials at all levels of government, and work to reach vulnerable people with emergency relief support across conflict-affected areas of Sudan.


Sudan continues to cope with the effects of conflict, economic shocks, and perennial environmental hazards, such as drought and flooding, while insecurity, access restrictions, and bureaucratic impediments limit the ability of relief agencies to respond effectively to humanitarian and recovery needs.

Since 2003, the complex emergency in the Darfur region of western Sudan has affected more than 4.7 million people, including more than 1.4 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) who remain in camps, according to the U.N. An upsurge in conflict among the Sudanese Armed Forces, armed opposition groups, militias, and ethnic groups displaced more people—both internally and as refugees to neighboring countries—in the first six months of 2013 than in 2011 and 2012 combined.

In Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states, Sudan’s “Two Areas,” fighting that began in mid-2011 between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North continues. The conflict has severely affected or displaced more than 1.1 million people within the Two Areas and caused more than 234,000 people to flee to neighboring countries, mostly South Sudan, according to the U.N.

The United States has declared disasters in Sudan due to complex emergency each year since 1987. As the largest international donor of humanitarian aid in Sudan, the United States continues to provide impartial, needs-based assistance to all accessible areas and populations, including displaced and otherwise conflict-affected people, individuals living in IDP camps, local communities hosting IDPs, and formerly-displaced returnees.

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    Last updated: March 23, 2017

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