Sudanese Family
In Sudan 5.8 million people, like this family, need humanitarian assistance.
AFP Photo/Ashraf Shazly

Latest Sudan Fact Sheet


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Key Developments

High-level U.S. government (USG) and UN delegations traveled to Darfur Region in April and May to assess humanitarian conditions and observe emergency response activities. The delegations met with conflict-affected populations, key civil society organizations, and Government of Sudan representatives during the visits.

Conflict in South Sudan continues to prompt tens of thousands of South Sudanese to flee to Sudan, including to East Darfur, South Kordofan, and White Nile states. More than 417,000 South Sudanese refugees were sheltering in Sudan as of late May, an increase of 137,000 people since January, according to the UN.

The USAID-funded Famine Early Warning Systems Network reports that above-average harvests have moderately improved food security across much of Sudan. Populations in conflict-affected areas of Jebel Marra and South Kordofan, however, continue to experience acute levels of food insecurity.


Sudan continues to cope with the effects of conflict, economic shocks, and perennial environmental hazards, such as drought and flooding, while insecurity, access restrictions, and bureaucratic impediments limit the ability of relief agencies to respond effectively to humanitarian and recovery needs.

Since 2003, the complex emergency in the Darfur region of western Sudan has affected more than 4.7 million people, including more than 1.4 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) who remain in camps, according to the U.N. An upsurge in conflict among the Sudanese Armed Forces, armed opposition groups, militias, and ethnic groups displaced more people—both internally and as refugees to neighboring countries—in the first six months of 2013 than in 2011 and 2012 combined.

In Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states, Sudan’s “Two Areas,” fighting that began in mid-2011 between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North continues. The conflict has severely affected or displaced more than 1.1 million people within the Two Areas and caused more than 234,000 people to flee to neighboring countries, mostly South Sudan, according to the U.N.

The United States has declared disasters in Sudan due to complex emergency each year since 1987. As the largest international donor of humanitarian aid in Sudan, the United States continues to provide impartial, needs-based assistance to all accessible areas and populations, including displaced and otherwise conflict-affected people, individuals living in IDP camps, local communities hosting IDPs, and formerly-displaced returnees.

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    Last updated: June 05, 2017

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