Sudanese Family
1.7 million people, like this Sudanese family, have been displaced by ongoing violence.
AFP Photo/Ashraf Shazly

Latest Sudan Fact Sheet


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Key Developments

Recent UN and interagency assessments found nutrition, shelter, and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) concerns, among other humanitarian needs, in South Kordofan State. The assessments also highlighted challenging operating conditions for relief actors in Sudan, largely due to ongoing Government of Sudan-imposed access constraints.

A USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) partner temporarily suspended operations in South Darfur State’s Gereida Locality due to early-November intercommunal conflict, which resulted in civilian fatalities, armed robberies, and damage to property and crops. As of mid-November, the partner had resumed health, nutrition, and WASH activities in Gereida.

The USAID/OFDA-supported UN Humanitarian Air Service has facilitated the transport of humanitarian personnel and emergency food and other critical supplies to an estimated 40 locations across Sudan since January and continues to support emergency evacuations, as needed.


Sudan continues to cope with the effects of conflict, economic shocks, and perennial environmental hazards, such as drought and flooding, while insecurity, access restrictions, and bureaucratic impediments limit the ability of relief agencies to respond effectively to humanitarian and recovery needs.

Since 2003, the complex emergency in the Darfur region of western Sudan has affected more than 4.7 million people, including more than 1.4 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) who remain in camps, according to the U.N. An upsurge in conflict among the Sudanese Armed Forces, armed opposition groups, militias, and ethnic groups displaced more people—both internally and as refugees to neighboring countries—in the first six months of 2013 than in 2011 and 2012 combined.

In Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states, Sudan’s “Two Areas,” fighting that began in mid-2011 between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North continues. The conflict has severely affected or displaced more than 1.1 million people within the Two Areas and caused more than 234,000 people to flee to neighboring countries, mostly South Sudan, according to the U.N.

The United States has declared disasters in Sudan due to complex emergency each year since 1987. As the largest international donor of humanitarian aid in Sudan, the United States continues to provide impartial, needs-based assistance to all accessible areas and populations, including displaced and otherwise conflict-affected people, individuals living in IDP camps, local communities hosting IDPs, and formerly-displaced returnees.

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    Last updated: November 29, 2016

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