Sudanese Family
USAID/OFDA supports partners to provide life-saving health; nutrition; water, sanitation, and hygiene support, along with other critical assistance to conflict-affected households in Sudan.
AFP Photo/Ashraf Shazly

Latest Sudan Fact Sheet


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Key Developments

Following widespread anti-government protests, Sudanese military officials overthrew the government of President Omar al-Bashir on April 11 and established the Transitional Military Council (TMC) as Sudan’s executive authority. Since then, peaceful demonstrations have taken place across the country, at times met with violent crackdowns from the TMC. On August 4, following mediation by the African Union and the Government of Ethiopia, the Forces for Freedom and Change and the TMC signed a constitutional declaration laying out the arrangements for the transitional period that will last for 39 months.

Food security outcomes will likely deteriorate across Sudan through September during the annual May-to-September lean season and intensified by the ongoing economic crisis. Expected above-average June–September seasonal rainfall, however, may lead to improvements in food security conditions starting in October, according to the Famine Early Warning Systems Network. 


Sudan continues to cope with the effects of conflict, economic shocks, and recurrent environmental hazards, such as drought and flooding, resulting in 5.5 million in need of humanitarian assistance. This includes 1.7 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Darfur, 235,000 IDPs in the government controlled parts of the Two Areas of South Kordofan and Blue Nile states, and up to 545,000 IDPs residing in locations in the Two Areas that are not under government control. USAID/OFDA is addressing the acute and protracted needs of conflict-affected populations in Sudan by prioritizing integrated activities in health, nutrition, and water, sanitation, and hygiene. The United States has declared has declared a disaster in Sudan each year since 1987 due to the ongoing complex emergency. As the largest international donor of humanitarian assistance in Sudan, the United States continues to provide impartial, needs-based assistance to vulnerable and conflict-affected populations.

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    Last updated: September 27, 2019

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