South Sudan

Residents of Juba arrive at the UN compound on December 20, 2013 where they sought shelter
Civilians fleeing the fighting in South Sudan have taken refuge at U.N. peacekeeping bases, including the one in the capital, Juba.

Latest South Sudan Fact Sheet

Key Developments

On November 6, the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) Technical Working Group reported that food security in South Sudan is expected to improve slightly through December. Beginning in January 2018, however, food security will likely deteriorate, and Famine—IPC 5—levels of acute food insecurity remain possible during 2018 due in part to widespread insecurity and humanitarian access constraints.

USAID partners continue to respond to the acute needs of conflict-affected populations across South Sudan. Recent floods in Jonglei State displaced more than 70,000 people and exacerbated humanitarian needs. Relief organizations, including USAID partners, are supporting emergency interventions for people affected by both conflict and floods.








Total USAID and State Assistance to South Sudan to date in FY 2017


Total USAID and State Assistance to South Sudan in FY 2014 -2017 (includes funding for South Sudanese refugees in neighboring countries)


*These figures are current as of November 6, 2017


Since gaining independence from Sudan on July 9, 2011, South Sudan has confronted a number of humanitarian challenges, including population movements and returnee integration. Ongoing conflict in Sudan’s Two Areas of Blue Nile and Southern Kordofan continues to result in refugee flows into South Sudan, straining scarce resources. In addition, many of the people displaced by violence in 2011 from areas north of the River Kiir in the disputed Abyei Area continue to reside in South Sudan. In the two and a half years since people of South Sudanese origin began returning from Sudan on a large scale directly before and after independence, vulnerable communities in South Sudan have struggled to accommodate more than 700,000 new arrivals, many of whom are rebuilding lives and livelihoods with few resources from which to draw. Inter-communal violence and general insecurity also persist in several parts of the country, particularly in Jonglei State, where fighting has led to significant displacement and deteriorating humanitarian conditions.

Lingering effects from more than 20 years of north-south conflict, poverty, and continued tension with Sudan, which led to a cessation of oil exports in 2012 that damaged South Sudan’s economy, compound the humanitarian situation. Confronting deteriorating economic conditions, populations are less able to cope with shocks and increasingly rely on the humanitarian community for basic food and non-food assistance. However, insecurity, bureaucratic harassment of relief organizations, logistical challenges, and Government of the Republic of South Sudan-imposed restrictions constrain humanitarian activities across the country, hindering the delivery of critical assistance to populations in need.

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Last updated: November 07, 2017

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