South Sudan

Residents of Juba arrive at the UN compound on December 20, 2013 where they sought shelter
Civilians fleeing the fighting in South Sudan have taken refuge at U.N. peacekeeping bases, including the one in the capital, Juba.

Latest South Sudan Fact Sheet

Key Developments

USAID partner the International Organization for Migration screened nearly 32,000 individuals entering South Sudan from neighboring countries for Ebola virus disease (EVD) in March; however, bureaucratic impediments interrupted screening along the South Sudan–Uganda border in April. To date, health actors have not recorded EVD cases in South Sudan, although disruptions to point of entry screenings pose increased risk of EVD spreading into South Sudan.

Insecurity and bureaucratic impediments in other areas of the country continue to pose threats to relief operations. On April 17, unknown armed actors robbed humanitarian non-governmental organization workers traveling on a road in Eastern Equatoria State. In addition, local authorities demanded fees and permissions from humanitarian actors in two incidents in Upper Nile’s Malakal town in mid-April.

Humanitarian access in and around Central Equatoria State’s Yei town is improving after months of insecurity and resultant disruptions to transportation and relief operations in the town and surrounding areas. As a result, humanitarian organizations provided emergency assistance to nearly 5,400 individuals in and around the town in mid-April.








Total USG Humanitarian Funding For The South Sudan Crisis In FY 2018


Total USG Humanitarian Funding for the South Sudan Response in FY 2014 -2018, including funding for South Sudanese refugees in neighboring countries


*These figures are current as of May 6, 2019


Since gaining independence from Sudan on July 9, 2011, South Sudan has confronted a number of humanitarian challenges, including population movements and returnee integration. Ongoing conflict in Sudan’s Two Areas of Blue Nile and Southern Kordofan continues to result in refugee flows into South Sudan, straining scarce resources. In addition, many of the people displaced by violence in 2011 from areas north of the River Kiir in the disputed Abyei Area continue to reside in South Sudan. In the two and a half years since people of South Sudanese origin began returning from Sudan on a large scale directly before and after independence, vulnerable communities in South Sudan have struggled to accommodate more than 700,000 new arrivals, many of whom are rebuilding lives and livelihoods with few resources from which to draw. Inter-communal violence and general insecurity also persist in several parts of the country, particularly in Jonglei State, where fighting has led to significant displacement and deteriorating humanitarian conditions.

Lingering effects from more than 20 years of north-south conflict, poverty, and continued tension with Sudan, which led to a cessation of oil exports in 2012 that damaged South Sudan’s economy, compound the humanitarian situation. Confronting deteriorating economic conditions, populations are less able to cope with shocks and increasingly rely on the humanitarian community for basic food and non-food assistance. However, insecurity, bureaucratic harassment of relief organizations, logistical challenges, and Government of the Republic of South Sudan-imposed restrictions constrain humanitarian activities across the country, hindering the delivery of critical assistance to populations in need.

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Last updated: May 07, 2019

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