South Sudan

Residents of Juba arrive at the UN compound on December 20, 2013 where they sought shelter
Civilians fleeing the fighting in South Sudan have taken refuge at U.N. peacekeeping bases, including the one in the capital, Juba.
AFP/TONY KARUMBA

Key Developments

Violence across South Sudan displaced an additional 200,000 people in April, increasing the total number of displaced people to 3.8 million, including 2 million internally displaced persons and 1.8 million refugees sheltering in neighboring countries.

On May 24, the U.S. Government announced more than $142 million in new humanitarian assistance for famine- and conflict-affected populations in South Sudan and South Sudanese refugees in the region. The new assistance includes $17.6 million from USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance, nearly $62.3 million from USAID's Office of Food for Peace, and more than $62.5 million from U.S. Department of State's Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration to respond to the humanitarian needs of South Sudanese refugees.


HUMANITARIAN FUNDING FOR THE SOUTH SUDAN RESPONSE

USAID/OFDA

160,272,573

USAID/FFP

$627,896,110

State/PRM

$122,725,439

Total USAID and State Assistance to South Sudan to date in FY 2016-2017

$910,894,122

Total USAID and State Assistance to South Sudan in FY 2014 -2017 (includes funding for South Sudanese refugees in neighboring countries)

$2,456,456,509

*These figures are current as of May 25, 2017

Background

Since gaining independence from Sudan on July 9, 2011, South Sudan has confronted a number of humanitarian challenges, including population movements and returnee integration. Ongoing conflict in Sudan’s Two Areas of Blue Nile and Southern Kordofan continues to result in refugee flows into South Sudan, straining scarce resources. In addition, many of the people displaced by violence in 2011 from areas north of the River Kiir in the disputed Abyei Area continue to reside in South Sudan. In the two and a half years since people of South Sudanese origin began returning from Sudan on a large scale directly before and after independence, vulnerable communities in South Sudan have struggled to accommodate more than 700,000 new arrivals, many of whom are rebuilding lives and livelihoods with few resources from which to draw. Inter-communal violence and general insecurity also persist in several parts of the country, particularly in Jonglei State, where fighting has led to significant displacement and deteriorating humanitarian conditions.

Lingering effects from more than 20 years of north-south conflict, poverty, and continued tension with Sudan, which led to a cessation of oil exports in 2012 that damaged South Sudan’s economy, compound the humanitarian situation. Confronting deteriorating economic conditions, populations are less able to cope with shocks and increasingly rely on the humanitarian community for basic food and non-food assistance. However, insecurity, bureaucratic harassment of relief organizations, logistical challenges, and Government of the Republic of South Sudan-imposed restrictions constrain humanitarian activities across the country, hindering the delivery of critical assistance to populations in need.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: May 26, 2017

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For more information, contact the Center for International Disaster Information at ww.cidi.org or 202-821-1999.

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