South Sudan

Residents of Juba arrive at the UN compound on December 20, 2013 where they sought shelter
Civilians fleeing the fighting in South Sudan have taken refuge at U.N. peacekeeping bases, including the one in the capital, Juba.
AFP/TONY KARUMBA

Latest South Sudan Fact Sheet

Key Developments

Ongoing violence between Government of the Republic of South Sudan and opposition forces near Central Equatoria State’s Yei area has displaced an estimated 7,400 people to Yei town since December and is preventing relief agencies from reaching more than 15,000 additional people seeking safety outside of Yei, the UN reports.

Approximately 6.2 million people in South Sudan experienced Crisis, Emergency, and Catastrophe—IPC 3, 4, and 5—levels of food insecurity in January, and up to 6.5 million people will experience Crisis or worse levels of food insecurity from February through April, according to the latest IPC analysis. 5 Food security conditions will continue to worsen through July, when nearly 6.9 million people will likely experience Crisis, Emergency, and Catastrophe levels of food insecurity, IPC reports.


HUMANITARIAN FUNDING FOR THE SOUTH SUDAN RESPONSE

USAID/OFDA

$135,187,409

USAID/FFP

$398,226,647

State/PRM

$91,553,826

Total USG Humanitarian Funding For The South Sudan Crisis In FY 2018

$624,967,882

Total USG Humanitarian Funding for the South Sudan Response in FY 2014 -2018, including funding for South Sudanese refugees in neighboring countries

$3,756,094,855

*These figures are current as of March 8, 2019

Background

Since gaining independence from Sudan on July 9, 2011, South Sudan has confronted a number of humanitarian challenges, including population movements and returnee integration. Ongoing conflict in Sudan’s Two Areas of Blue Nile and Southern Kordofan continues to result in refugee flows into South Sudan, straining scarce resources. In addition, many of the people displaced by violence in 2011 from areas north of the River Kiir in the disputed Abyei Area continue to reside in South Sudan. In the two and a half years since people of South Sudanese origin began returning from Sudan on a large scale directly before and after independence, vulnerable communities in South Sudan have struggled to accommodate more than 700,000 new arrivals, many of whom are rebuilding lives and livelihoods with few resources from which to draw. Inter-communal violence and general insecurity also persist in several parts of the country, particularly in Jonglei State, where fighting has led to significant displacement and deteriorating humanitarian conditions.

Lingering effects from more than 20 years of north-south conflict, poverty, and continued tension with Sudan, which led to a cessation of oil exports in 2012 that damaged South Sudan’s economy, compound the humanitarian situation. Confronting deteriorating economic conditions, populations are less able to cope with shocks and increasingly rely on the humanitarian community for basic food and non-food assistance. However, insecurity, bureaucratic harassment of relief organizations, logistical challenges, and Government of the Republic of South Sudan-imposed restrictions constrain humanitarian activities across the country, hindering the delivery of critical assistance to populations in need.

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Last updated: March 13, 2019

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