South Sudan

Residents of Juba arrive at the UN compound on December 20, 2013 where they sought shelter
Civilians fleeing the fighting in South Sudan have taken refuge at U.N. peacekeeping bases, including the one in the capital, Juba.

Latest South Sudan Fact Sheet

Key Developments

Insecurity continues to displace populations and hinder humanitarian access in South Sudan, while internally displaced person site overcrowding and ongoing outbreaks of cholera and measles are complicating relief actor efforts to support the emergency health and water, sanitation, and hygiene needs of conflict-affected populations.

Emergency—IPC 4—and Crisis—IPC 3—levels of food insecurity persist across South Sudan, with nearly one-third of the population requiring emergency food assistance, according to the USAID-funded Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET). FEWS NET predicts that escalation of conflict during the upcoming February–July lean season could result in Famine—IPC 5—conditions for the most vulnerable populations.








Total USAID and State Assistance to South Sudan to date in FY 2016


Total USAID and State Assistance to South Sudan in FY 2014, 2015, and to date in 2016 (includes funding for South Sudanese refugees in neighboring countries)


*These figures are current as of February 3, 2017


Since gaining independence from Sudan on July 9, 2011, South Sudan has confronted a number of humanitarian challenges, including population movements and returnee integration. Ongoing conflict in Sudan’s Two Areas of Blue Nile and Southern Kordofan continues to result in refugee flows into South Sudan, straining scarce resources. In addition, many of the people displaced by violence in 2011 from areas north of the River Kiir in the disputed Abyei Area continue to reside in South Sudan. In the two and a half years since people of South Sudanese origin began returning from Sudan on a large scale directly before and after independence, vulnerable communities in South Sudan have struggled to accommodate more than 700,000 new arrivals, many of whom are rebuilding lives and livelihoods with few resources from which to draw. Inter-communal violence and general insecurity also persist in several parts of the country, particularly in Jonglei State, where fighting has led to significant displacement and deteriorating humanitarian conditions.

Lingering effects from more than 20 years of north-south conflict, poverty, and continued tension with Sudan, which led to a cessation of oil exports in 2012 that damaged South Sudan’s economy, compound the humanitarian situation. Confronting deteriorating economic conditions, populations are less able to cope with shocks and increasingly rely on the humanitarian community for basic food and non-food assistance. However, insecurity, bureaucratic harassment of relief organizations, logistical challenges, and Government of the Republic of South Sudan-imposed restrictions constrain humanitarian activities across the country, hindering the delivery of critical assistance to populations in need.

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Last updated: February 10, 2017

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