South Sudan

Residents of Juba arrive at the UN compound on December 20, 2013 where they sought shelter
Civilians fleeing the fighting in South Sudan have taken refuge at U.N. peacekeeping bases, including the one in the capital, Juba.
AFP/TONY KARUMBA

Latest South Sudan Fact Sheet

Key Developments

During a 12-day period in late November, non-governmental organization Médecins Sans Frontières recorded at least 150 gender-based violence (GBV) cases in Unity State’s Bentiu town, representing a significant increase from the approximately 100 GBV cases that MSF recorded in Bentiu between January and October. The UN and the international community have condemned the attacks and urged the Government of the Republic of South Sudan to hold the perpetrators accountable.

With USAID's Office of Food for Peace support, partner the UN World Food Program distributed nearly 19,900 metric tons of food and nutrition assistance, as well as cash-based transfers, to more than 2.3 million food-insecure people throughout South Sudan during October. The UN agency also resumed the delivery of relief commodities via overland transport routes from Sudan’s North Kordofan State to Bentiu following the end of the May-to-September rainy season, when overland deliveries were suspended due to poor transportation conditions, in South Sudan.


HUMANITARIAN FUNDING FOR THE SOUTH SUDAN RESPONSE

USAID/OFDA

$135,187,409

USAID/FFP

$402,253,743

State/PRM

$91,553,826

Total USG Humanitarian Funding For The South Sudan Crisis In FY 2018

$628,994,978

Total USG Humanitarian Funding for the South Sudan Response in FY 2014 -2018, including funding for South Sudanese refugees in neighboring countries

$3,760,121,951

*These figures are current as of December 7, 2018

Background

Since gaining independence from Sudan on July 9, 2011, South Sudan has confronted a number of humanitarian challenges, including population movements and returnee integration. Ongoing conflict in Sudan’s Two Areas of Blue Nile and Southern Kordofan continues to result in refugee flows into South Sudan, straining scarce resources. In addition, many of the people displaced by violence in 2011 from areas north of the River Kiir in the disputed Abyei Area continue to reside in South Sudan. In the two and a half years since people of South Sudanese origin began returning from Sudan on a large scale directly before and after independence, vulnerable communities in South Sudan have struggled to accommodate more than 700,000 new arrivals, many of whom are rebuilding lives and livelihoods with few resources from which to draw. Inter-communal violence and general insecurity also persist in several parts of the country, particularly in Jonglei State, where fighting has led to significant displacement and deteriorating humanitarian conditions.

Lingering effects from more than 20 years of north-south conflict, poverty, and continued tension with Sudan, which led to a cessation of oil exports in 2012 that damaged South Sudan’s economy, compound the humanitarian situation. Confronting deteriorating economic conditions, populations are less able to cope with shocks and increasingly rely on the humanitarian community for basic food and non-food assistance. However, insecurity, bureaucratic harassment of relief organizations, logistical challenges, and Government of the Republic of South Sudan-imposed restrictions constrain humanitarian activities across the country, hindering the delivery of critical assistance to populations in need.

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Last updated: December 10, 2018

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