South Sudan

Residents of Juba arrive at the UN compound on December 20, 2013 where they sought shelter
Civilians fleeing the fighting in South Sudan have taken refuge at U.N. peacekeeping bases, including the one in the capital, Juba.

Latest South Sudan Fact Sheet

Key Developments

An uptick in violence in Western Equatoria State beginning in late 2015 has exacerbated population displacement and challenged humanitarian response efforts. Relief actors—including partners of USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance—continue efforts to access and assist conflict-affected populations in the state, as security allows.

In January, relief organizations began conducting humanitarian airdrops using a specialized fixed-wing Buffalo aircraft, the newest addition to the South Sudan humanitarian air fleet. In addition, humanitarian vehicle and barge convoys, as well as other air assets, transported additional emergency relief supplies by air, river, and road.

Despite ongoing insecurity and other access impediments, relief organizations are expanding humanitarian operations and attempting to re-establish a permanent presence in Unity State. While humanitarian operations in Unity’s Leer County remain ongoing, interagency mobile teams have arrived in other parts of Unity to expand humanitarian activities.








Total USAID and State Assistance to South Sudan in FY 2015


Total USAID and State Assistance to South Sudan in FY 2014 & 2015 (includes funding for South Sudanese refugees in neighboring countries)


*These figures are current as of January 29, 2016


Since gaining independence from Sudan on July 9, 2011, South Sudan has confronted a number of humanitarian challenges, including population movements and returnee integration. Ongoing conflict in Sudan’s Two Areas of Blue Nile and Southern Kordofan continues to result in refugee flows into South Sudan, straining scarce resources. In addition, many of the people displaced by violence in 2011 from areas north of the River Kiir in the disputed Abyei Area continue to reside in South Sudan. In the two and a half years since people of South Sudanese origin began returning from Sudan on a large scale directly before and after independence, vulnerable communities in South Sudan have struggled to accommodate more than 700,000 new arrivals, many of whom are rebuilding lives and livelihoods with few resources from which to draw. Inter-communal violence and general insecurity also persist in several parts of the country, particularly in Jonglei State, where fighting has led to significant displacement and deteriorating humanitarian conditions.

Lingering effects from more than 20 years of north-south conflict, poverty, and continued tension with Sudan, which led to a cessation of oil exports in 2012 that damaged South Sudan’s economy, compound the humanitarian situation. Confronting deteriorating economic conditions, populations are less able to cope with shocks and increasingly rely on the humanitarian community for basic food and non-food assistance. However, insecurity, bureaucratic harassment of relief organizations, logistical challenges, and Government of the Republic of South Sudan-imposed restrictions constrain humanitarian activities across the country, hindering the delivery of critical assistance to populations in need.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: February 02, 2016

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For more information, contact the Center for International Disaster Information at or 202-821-1999.