South Sudan

Residents of Juba arrive at the UN compound on December 20, 2013 where they sought shelter
Civilians fleeing the fighting in South Sudan have taken refuge at U.N. peacekeeping bases, including the one in the capital, Juba.

Latest South Sudan Fact Sheet

Key Developments

On February 20, the South Sudan Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) declared famine—IPC 5—levels of food insecurity in Unity State’s Leer and Mayendit counties. The IPC Technical Working Group also reported an elevated likelihood that famine is occurring in neighboring Koch County, though insufficient data is available to confirm conditions. In addition, populations in Unity’s Panyijiar County are experiencing Emergency—IPC 4—levels of food insecurity.

The IPC Technical Working Group estimates that 4.9 million people in South Sudan are severely food insecure and experiencing Crisis—IPC 3—and higher levels of food insecurity; this number could increase to 5.5 million people by the peak of the May–July lean season if conflict continues to cause population displacement, disrupt food markets, and hinder the timely delivery of humanitarian assistance to vulnerable populations. These populations require food assistance to prevent a loss of lives or livelihoods.








Total USAID and State Assistance to South Sudan to date in FY 2016


Total USAID and State Assistance to South Sudan in FY 2014, 2015, and to date in 2016 (includes funding for South Sudanese refugees in neighboring countries)


*These figures are current as of March 3, 2017


Since gaining independence from Sudan on July 9, 2011, South Sudan has confronted a number of humanitarian challenges, including population movements and returnee integration. Ongoing conflict in Sudan’s Two Areas of Blue Nile and Southern Kordofan continues to result in refugee flows into South Sudan, straining scarce resources. In addition, many of the people displaced by violence in 2011 from areas north of the River Kiir in the disputed Abyei Area continue to reside in South Sudan. In the two and a half years since people of South Sudanese origin began returning from Sudan on a large scale directly before and after independence, vulnerable communities in South Sudan have struggled to accommodate more than 700,000 new arrivals, many of whom are rebuilding lives and livelihoods with few resources from which to draw. Inter-communal violence and general insecurity also persist in several parts of the country, particularly in Jonglei State, where fighting has led to significant displacement and deteriorating humanitarian conditions.

Lingering effects from more than 20 years of north-south conflict, poverty, and continued tension with Sudan, which led to a cessation of oil exports in 2012 that damaged South Sudan’s economy, compound the humanitarian situation. Confronting deteriorating economic conditions, populations are less able to cope with shocks and increasingly rely on the humanitarian community for basic food and non-food assistance. However, insecurity, bureaucratic harassment of relief organizations, logistical challenges, and Government of the Republic of South Sudan-imposed restrictions constrain humanitarian activities across the country, hindering the delivery of critical assistance to populations in need.

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Last updated: March 23, 2017

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