Somalia

USAID/OFDA provided life-saving nutrition assistance during the 2011 drought crisis.
USAID/OFDA provided life-saving nutrition assistance during the 2011 drought crisis.
Nancy Lindborg/USAID

 

Latest Somalia Fact Sheet

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Key Developments

More than 1 million people will likely experience acute food insecurity in Somalia between February and June. Drought conditions in northern areas of the country have contributed to deteriorating food security, with 385,000 people in Puntland and Somaliland areas experiencing acute food insecurity. The UN is appealing for $105 million to provide assistance to drought-affected populations in northern Somalia.

The UN Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) plans to release $11 million to support humanitarian interventions in northern Somalia where drought conditions are increasing needs. In northern areas, 1.7 million people require humanitarian support, including emergency food assistance. CERF funding will support multiple humanitarian sectors, including health and nutrition interventions.

The U.S. Government remains the leading humanitarian donor to Somalia during FY 2015 and 2016, having provided more than $240 million in humanitarian assistance to date.

 

Background

Since 1991, Somalia has experienced a persistent complex emergency due to chronic food insecurity, widespread violence, and recurrent droughts and floods. The 2011 drought—widely regarded as the country’s worst in 60 years—severely deteriorated food security among pastoralists and populations in marginal farming areas, resulting in famine in areas of Bay, Bakool, and Lower and Middle Shabelle regions, as well as among internally displaced persons in Mogadishu and the nearby Afgooye corridor.

Despite improvements in recent months, malnutrition rates remain among the highest in the world, and ongoing insecurity in parts of southern and central Somalia—particularly in areas lacking established local authorities and where al-Shabaab is present—contributes to the complex emergency in Somalia.

 

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: June 03, 2016

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