USAID/OFDA provided life-saving nutrition assistance during the 2011 drought crisis.
USAID/OFDA provided life-saving nutrition assistance during the 2011 drought crisis.
Nancy Lindborg/USAID


Latest Somalia Fact Sheet

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Key Developments

A post-gu seasonal assessment found deteriorating food security conditions across Somalia, with an estimated 5 million food-insecure people countrywide, according to the USAID-funded Famine Early Warning Systems Network and the Somalia Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit. As of September, more than 1.1 million people were experiencing Crisis—IPC 3—or Emergency—IPC 4—levels of acute food insecurity, an approximately 200,000 person increase since February.

In FY 2016, the U.S. Government (USG) provided more than $186 million to address the immediate needs of conflict-affected and vulnerable populations in Somalia. USG humanitarian funding supports food assistance; agriculture, health, nutrition, and water, sanitation, and hygiene interventions; and critical services for refugees.



Since 1991, Somalia has experienced a persistent complex emergency due to chronic food insecurity, widespread violence, and recurrent droughts and floods. The 2011 drought—widely regarded as the country’s worst in 60 years—severely deteriorated food security among pastoralists and populations in marginal farming areas, resulting in famine in areas of Bay, Bakool, and Lower and Middle Shabelle regions, as well as among internally displaced persons in Mogadishu and the nearby Afgooye corridor.

Despite improvements in recent months, malnutrition rates remain among the highest in the world, and ongoing insecurity in parts of southern and central Somalia—particularly in areas lacking established local authorities and where al-Shabaab is present—contributes to the complex emergency in Somalia.


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Last updated: October 18, 2016

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