USAID is providing life-saving humanitarian assistance for people affected by Somalia's severe food insecurity crisis.
USAID is providing life-saving humanitarian assistance for people affected by Somalia's severe food insecurity crisis.

Latest Somalia Fact Sheet

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Key Developments

In early September, the Famine Early Warning Systems Network and Somalia Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit released assessment findings following the April-to-June gu rainy season, which estimate that 1.5 million people will likely face Crisis—IPC 3—or worse levels of acute food insecurity through December. The food-insecure population represents a significant decrease since June, primarily due to above-average seasonal rains and sustained humanitarian assistance.

Armed groups—including militant group al-Shabaab—continue to attack civilians, forcibly conscript children, and interfere with humanitarian operations in Somalia. Relief agencies are providing life-saving assistance to vulnerable populations, as security and access conditions allow.

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) is responding to the complex emergency in the Horn of Africa region, including in EthiopiaKenya, and Somalia.

Please visit our Horn of Africa web page for additional information.


Since 1991, Somalia has experienced a persistent complex emergency due to chronic food insecurity, widespread violence, and recurrent droughts and floods. The 2011 drought—widely regarded as the country’s worst in 60 years—severely deteriorated food security among pastoralists and populations in marginal farming areas, resulting in famine in areas of Bay, Bakool, and Lower and Middle Shabelle regions, as well as among internally displaced persons in Mogadishu and the nearby Afgooye corridor.

Despite modest improvements in recent years, malnutrition rates in Somalia remain among the highest in the world, and ongoing insecurity in the country—particularly in areas that lack established local authorities and where al-Shabaab is present—contributes to the complex emergency. Sustained life-saving assistance, coupled with interventions aimed at building resilience, is critical to help vulnerable households meet basic needs, reduce malnutrition, and protect livelihoods. An estimated 6.7 million people require humanitarian assistance between January and December 2017.



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Last updated: October 24, 2018

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