Somalia

USAID is providing life-saving humanitarian assistance for people affected by Somalia's severe food insecurity crisis.
USAID is providing life-saving humanitarian assistance for people affected by Somalia's severe food insecurity crisis.
TONY KARUMBA / AFP

Latest Somalia Fact Sheet

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Key Developments

Moderate-to-heavy rainfall since early April has significantly elevated river levels and resulted in widespread flooding in south-central Somalia, with water levels exceeding a 50-year return period by early May. The UN reported that floods had affected at least 630,000 people, displaced an estimated 215,000 people, inundated agricultural fields, and damaged infrastructure as of May 2.

In response to widespread flooding in south-central Somalia, USAID partners are delivering food assistance, distributing hygiene supplies, and providing other emergency interventions to flood-affected populations. Relief organizations are also pre-positioning relief commodities in anticipation of additional flooding in the region during May.

The U.S. Government (USG) recently provided nearly $91 million in additional humanitarian assistance for the emergency response in Somalia, bringing total USG assistance for the Somalia response to more than $605 million from FY 2017–2018.

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) is responding to the complex emergency in the Horn of Africa region, including in EthiopiaKenya, and Somalia.

Please visit our Horn of Africa web page for additional information.

Background

Since 1991, Somalia has experienced a persistent complex emergency due to chronic food insecurity, widespread violence, and recurrent droughts and floods. The 2011 drought—widely regarded as the country’s worst in 60 years—severely deteriorated food security among pastoralists and populations in marginal farming areas, resulting in famine in areas of Bay, Bakool, and Lower and Middle Shabelle regions, as well as among internally displaced persons in Mogadishu and the nearby Afgooye corridor.

Despite modest improvements in recent years, malnutrition rates in Somalia remain among the highest in the world, and ongoing insecurity in the country—particularly in areas that lack established local authorities and where al-Shabaab is present—contributes to the complex emergency. Sustained life-saving assistance, coupled with interventions aimed at building resilience, is critical to help vulnerable households meet basic needs, reduce malnutrition, and protect livelihoods. An estimated 6.7 million people require humanitarian assistance between January and December 2017.

 

 

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Last updated: May 04, 2018

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