Somalia

USAID is providing life-saving humanitarian assistance for people affected by Somalia's severe food insecurity crisis.
USAID is providing life-saving humanitarian assistance for people affected by Somalia's severe food insecurity crisis.
TONY KARUMBA / AFP

Latest Somalia Fact Sheet

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Key Developments

Despite improved localized rainfall in some parts of Somalia in May, large areas of the country continue to experience drought conditions, which are likely to worsen food security in the coming months, according to the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET). The UN and humanitarian partners launched a Drought Response Plan (DRP) on May 20, seeking approximately $710 million for drought relief activities.

Conflict and drought conditions displaced nearly 174,000 people in Somalia from January–May. In May alone, relief actors recorded the displacement of more than 60,000 people, largely due to increased conflict in areas of south-central Somalia.

On June 17, USAID Administrator Mark Green announced $184.6 million in humanitarian funding for food, health, livelihoods, nutrition, and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) assistance in Somalia. Administrator Green’s announcement coincided with the reopening of the USAID Mission in Mogadishu, Somalia’s capital city.

Background

Since 1991, Somalia has experienced a persistent complex emergency due to chronic food insecurity, widespread violence, and recurrent droughts and floods. The 2011 drought—widely regarded as the country’s worst in 60 years—severely deteriorated food security among pastoralists and populations in marginal farming areas, resulting in famine in areas of Bay, Bakool, and Lower and Middle Shabelle regions, as well as among internally displaced persons in Mogadishu and the nearby Afgooye corridor.

Despite modest improvements in recent years, malnutrition rates in Somalia remain among the highest in the world, and ongoing insecurity in the country—particularly in areas that lack established local authorities and where al-Shabaab is present—contributes to the complex emergency. Sustained life-saving assistance, coupled with interventions aimed at building resilience, is critical to help vulnerable households meet basic needs, reduce malnutrition, and protect livelihoods. An estimated 6.7 million people require humanitarian assistance between January and December 2017.

 

 

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Last updated: June 20, 2019

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