Somalia

USAID is providing life-saving humanitarian assistance for people affected by Somalia's severe food insecurity crisis.
USAID is providing life-saving humanitarian assistance for people affected by Somalia's severe food insecurity crisis.
TONY KARUMBA / AFP

Latest Horn of Africa Fact Sheet

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Key Developments

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) is responding to the complex emergency in the Horn of Africa region, including in EthiopiaKenya, and Somalia.

Approximately 3.3 million people in Somalia are experiencing Crisis—IPC 3—or worse levels of acute food insecurity, the USAID-funded Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) reported in November. FEWS NET and the USAID-supported Somalia Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit caution that parts of Somalia will remain at risk of Famine—IPC 5—through at least May 2018. Households across Somalia have reduced access to food and income following three consecutive poor rainy seasons, which resulted in below-average agricultural production and large-scale livestock losses, in addition to ongoing conflict.

On October 14, a truck containing explosives detonated near a popular hotel in Somalia’s capital city of Mogadishu, resulting in at least 358 deaths and more than 220 injuries, according to the UN. In response, U.S. Chargé d’Affaires, a.i., Martin Dale declared a disaster, and USAID/OFDA provided $100,000 to a U.S. government partner to deliver emergency medical supplies and deploy medical teams to Mogadishu hospitals to treat injured persons and provide psychosocial support to survivors and families of persons affected.

The UN World Health Organization (WHO) cautions that despite a significant reduction in cholera cases and related deaths since July, relief actors should continue prevention activities during the deyr rainy season as the risks of potential cholera transmission are still high due to poor sanitation and access to safe drinking water, as well as limited health care services. Overall, the Federal Government of Somalia and WHO recorded more than 78,200 suspected and confirmed cases of cholera and 1,159 related deaths between January and October, with a case fatality rate of nearly 1.5 percent. In FY 2017, USAID/OFDA provided implementing partners more than $29.2 million to deliver emergency water, sanitation, and hygiene assistance, including cholera prevention activities, throughout Somalia.

Please visit our Horn of Africa web page for additional information.

Background

Since 1991, Somalia has experienced a persistent complex emergency due to chronic food insecurity, widespread violence, and recurrent droughts and floods. The 2011 drought—widely regarded as the country’s worst in 60 years—severely deteriorated food security among pastoralists and populations in marginal farming areas, resulting in famine in areas of Bay, Bakool, and Lower and Middle Shabelle regions, as well as among internally displaced persons in Mogadishu and the nearby Afgooye corridor.

Despite modest improvements in recent years, malnutrition rates in Somalia remain among the highest in the world, and ongoing insecurity in the country—particularly in areas that lack established local authorities and where al-Shabaab is present—contributes to the complex emergency. Sustained life-saving assistance, coupled with interventions aimed at building resilience, is critical to help vulnerable households meet basic needs, reduce malnutrition, and protect livelihoods. An estimated 6.7 million people require humanitarian assistance between January and December 2017.

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) is responding to the complex emergency in the Horn of Africa region, including in EthiopiaKenya, and Somalia

 

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Last updated: January 18, 2018

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