Somalia

USAID/OFDA provided life-saving nutrition assistance during the 2011 drought crisis.
USAID/OFDA provided life-saving nutrition assistance during the 2011 drought crisis.
Nancy Lindborg/USAID

 

Latest Somalia Fact Sheet

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Key Developments

Health actors across Somalia recorded more than 10,000 cholera cases, including nearly 450 deaths, between January and mid-June—a significant increase compared to the number of cholera cases recorded in 2015. Health and water, sanitation, and hygiene are among the priority interventions for the cholera response, according to the UN.

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance provided approximately $23 million in new humanitarian funding for the Somalia response since April, bringing the U.S. Government contribution to nearly $83 million in assistance to date in FY 2016.

As of late June, donors had contributed more than $249 million, or approximately 28 percent, of the $885 million requested by the 2016 Somalia Humanitarian Response Plan to assist 3.5 million of the most vulnerable people in Somalia.

 

Background

Since 1991, Somalia has experienced a persistent complex emergency due to chronic food insecurity, widespread violence, and recurrent droughts and floods. The 2011 drought—widely regarded as the country’s worst in 60 years—severely deteriorated food security among pastoralists and populations in marginal farming areas, resulting in famine in areas of Bay, Bakool, and Lower and Middle Shabelle regions, as well as among internally displaced persons in Mogadishu and the nearby Afgooye corridor.

Despite improvements in recent months, malnutrition rates remain among the highest in the world, and ongoing insecurity in parts of southern and central Somalia—particularly in areas lacking established local authorities and where al-Shabaab is present—contributes to the complex emergency in Somalia.

 

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: August 05, 2016

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