Somalia

USAID is providing life-saving humanitarian assistance for people affected by Somalia's severe food insecurity crisis.
USAID is providing life-saving humanitarian assistance for people affected by Somalia's severe food insecurity crisis.
TONY KARUMBA / AFP

Key Developments

Heavy rains and resultant flooding in southern Somalia between October and December affected 570,000 people, destroying people's homes, disrupting their ability to earn a living, and generating additional humanitarian needs. Additionally, Tropical Cyclone Pawan made landfall in northeastern Somalia in early December, resulting in flash floods that affected 213,000 people. In response, USAID humanitarian partners are providing emergency food, health, livelihoods, logistics, and water, sanitation, and hygiene support to people who have been affected.

While sustained emergency food assistance provided by humanitarian agencies— including USAID partners—likely mitigated worse outcomes, up to 2.1 million people in Somalia were at risk of experiencing acute food insecurity from October to December.

USAID is also responding to the worst locust outbreak in decades. Learn more about our response in Somalia and several other East Africa countries.  

Background

Since 1991, Somalia has experienced a persistent complex emergency due to chronic food insecurity, widespread violence, and recurrent droughts and floods. The 2011 drought—widely regarded as the country’s worst in 60 years—severely deteriorated food security among pastoralists and populations in marginal farming areas, resulting in famine in areas of Bay, Bakool, and Lower and Middle Shabelle regions, as well as among internally displaced persons in Mogadishu and the nearby Afgooye corridor.

Despite modest improvements in recent years, malnutrition rates in Somalia remain among the highest in the world, and ongoing insecurity in the country—particularly in areas that lack established local authorities and where al-Shabaab is present—contributes to the complex emergency. Sustained life-saving assistance, coupled with interventions aimed at building resilience, is critical to help vulnerable households meet basic needs, reduce malnutrition, and protect livelihoods. An estimated 6.7 million people require humanitarian assistance between January and December 2017.

 

 

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: February 25, 2020

Share This Page