Somalia

USAID is providing life-saving humanitarian assistance for people affected by Somalia's severe food insecurity crisis.
USAID is providing life-saving humanitarian assistance for people affected by Somalia's severe food insecurity crisis.
TONY KARUMBA / AFP

Latest Somalia Fact Sheet

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Key Developments

Between April and early June, heavy seasonal rainfall resulted in widespread flooding across Somalia, with riverine and flash floods affecting approximately 830,000 people and displacing an estimated 290,000 individuals, according to the UN. In addition, Tropical Cyclone Sagar made landfall over northwestern Somalia on May 19, affecting an estimated 228,800 people and resulting in more than 50 deaths.

Despite cyclone- and flood-related damage, above-average seasonal rainfall and large-scale deliveries of assistance have contributed to significant improvements in food security in many areas of Somalia that were previously affected by drought. The rainfall has supported pasture regeneration, and overall average harvests in July and above-average off-season agricultural production in September will likely improve access to food. Some populations, however, continue to require emergency food assistance, particularly internally displaced persons and poor pastoralists in northwestern Somalia.

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) is responding to the complex emergency in the Horn of Africa region, including in EthiopiaKenya, and Somalia.

Please visit our Horn of Africa web page for additional information.

Background

Since 1991, Somalia has experienced a persistent complex emergency due to chronic food insecurity, widespread violence, and recurrent droughts and floods. The 2011 drought—widely regarded as the country’s worst in 60 years—severely deteriorated food security among pastoralists and populations in marginal farming areas, resulting in famine in areas of Bay, Bakool, and Lower and Middle Shabelle regions, as well as among internally displaced persons in Mogadishu and the nearby Afgooye corridor.

Despite modest improvements in recent years, malnutrition rates in Somalia remain among the highest in the world, and ongoing insecurity in the country—particularly in areas that lack established local authorities and where al-Shabaab is present—contributes to the complex emergency. Sustained life-saving assistance, coupled with interventions aimed at building resilience, is critical to help vulnerable households meet basic needs, reduce malnutrition, and protect livelihoods. An estimated 6.7 million people require humanitarian assistance between January and December 2017.

 

 

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Last updated: July 23, 2018

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