Philippines

Philippines Critical Relief Supplies
USAID is providing critical relief supplies including safe drinking water, hygiene kits, shelter materials, and kitchen sets to people affected by the ongoing conflict in Marawi.

Key Developments

On October 23, the Government of the Philippines (GPH) announced the end of the five-month offensive against Islamic State of Iraq and Syria-affiliated armed groups in Marawi, the capital city of Lanao del Sur Province in the Philippines’ Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao. The GPH and relief actors are responding to continued humanitarian needs among internally displaced persons (IDPs) and returnees. As of December 3, the GPH had registered nearly 354,000 IDPs.

Of the 354,000 registered IDPs, approximately 97,000 had returned to Marawi as of December 10, according to the GPH Department of Social Welfare and Development. However, the GPH continues to restrict returns to the most-affected barangays—the smallest administrative divisions in the Philippines—due to widespread damage and destruction of homes and ongoing protection risks.

Lack of basic services and livelihood opportunities in Marawi continue to hinder IDP returns. In addition, relief actors report that displaced populations residing in informal sites and host communities lack sufficient access to basic services.

In FY 2017, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance provided $3 million to address the multi-sector needs of vulnerable populations in Marawi and neighboring areas, including through the provision of protection, shelter, and water, sanitation, and hygiene assistance.

Background

Situated on the Western Pacific typhoon belt and the fringes of the Pacific Ring of Fire, the Philippines is regularly affected by natural disasters that result in the loss of lives, homes, and livelihoods. Since 1990, USAID/OFDA has responded to more than 40 disasters in the Philippines while also supporting a variety of disaster risk reduction programs to build the capacity of the GPH and communities to prepare for and respond to the impacts of natural disasters.

When Typhoon Haiyan/Yolanda—one of the most powerful storms on record—struck the Philippines in November 2013, resulting in 6,300 deaths and affecting more than 16 million people, USAID provided more than $56 million of the $143 million U.S. government (USG) contribution to support GPH response efforts. USAID/OFDA deployed a Disaster Assistance Response Team (DART), which conducted assessments in affected areas of the Philippines, liaised with other humanitarian and government actors in the country, and recommended appropriate response options. USAID/OFDA simultaneously activated a D.C.-based Response Management Team to coordinate the USG humanitarian response, program relief activities, and provide support for the DART.

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Last updated: December 21, 2017

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