Peru

Humanitarian Assistance in Peru
USAID is providing humanitarian assistance in Peru for Venezuelans fleeing crisis in their country
Pan American Health Organization

Key Developments

USAID is responding to a complex emergency stemming from an influx of people fleeing an economic and political crisis in Venezuela to regional countries, including Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru.

Approximately  861,000 Venezuelan nationals were living in Peru as of early May, nearly 629,000 of whom had regularized migration status in the country, according to the Regional Interagency Coordination Platform for Refugees and Migrants from Venezuela, led by the International Organization for Migration and the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees.  As of early May 2020, the Government of Peru reported more than 483,000 Venezuelans seeking asylum in the country.

Humanitarian actors report that access to food is the most immediate need for Venezuelans in Peru; Save the Children Federation released a mid-April statement indicating that nutritional outcomes for many Venezuelan families have worsened as a result of COVID-19 social isolation measures.  With nearly $23 million in FY 2020 funding, USAID is supporting critical food and nutrition programs, as well as health, livelihoods, multipurpose cash, protection, shelter,  and water, sanitation, and hygiene assistance, for populations affected by the Venezuela regional crisis in Peru.  The USAID-supported cash assistance, provided via pre-paid debit cards, enables households to allocate resources to meet their most urgent needs, such as food, housing, or hygiene items.  The assistance also includes the distribution of kitchen supplies and water, sanitation, and hygiene support for community kitchens serving vulnerable populations in Peru.  In addition, USAID supports nutrition messaging programs to complement cash transfers, as well as the distribution of hot meals to vulnerable populations. 

Background

Since 2014, deteriorating economic and political conditions in the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela—marked by devastating hyperinflation, shortages of basic medicines, and limited food availability—have contributed to increasing humanitarian needs.  Severe food and medicine shortages have contributed to extensive outmigration and an influx of Venezuelans into other countries in the region, primarily to Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru, as well as smaller populations to Argentina, Mexico, and several Caribbean and Central American countries.  The UN estimates that nearly  5.1 million Venezuelans have left their country since 2014, with displacement projected to reach 6.5 million by the end of 2020.

The population influx is straining the capacity of services, particularly in border areas of Brazil and Colombia.  Recent assessments indicate food, health care services, nutrition assistance, and WASH support are among the most urgent humanitarian needs of Venezuelans and host communities in border regions.

USAID is supporting the Venezuela complex emergency regional response. Please visit our web page for additional information.

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Last updated: May 29, 2020

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