Pakistan

A medical officer diagnoses a conflict-affected IDP family in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province in February 2013.
A medical officer diagnoses a conflict-affected IDP family in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province in February 2013.
Photo courtesy of a USAID/OFDA partner.

Latest Pakistan Fact Sheet

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Key Developments

From March 2015 to late December 2016, more than 224,100 families voluntarily returned to areas of origin in Pakistan’s Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) as part of a Government of Pakistan (GoP) repatriation program, according to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.

More than 370,100 Afghan refugees returned to Afghanistan from Pakistan between January and December 2016, according to the UN. Refugee return centers in Afghanistan closed for the winter in December and are scheduled to reopen in early March 2017, the UN reports.

USAID's Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) recently contributed an additional $10 million to the UN World Food Program to meet the urgent food needs of conflict-affected households in FATA and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province. USAID/FFP assistance includes $6 million in funding to support the distribution of GoP-donated wheat, as well as $4 million for local and regional procurement of food commodities.

 

Background

Since August 2008, conflict between the GoP and militants in FATA and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province has resulted in the internal displacement of millions of Pakistanis. Spontaneous and GoP-assisted returns to areas of origin have occurred each year; however, GoP security operations in FATA, primarily Khyber Agency, displaced nearly 412,000 people in 2012, according to the U.N. While returns continue, the overall security situation in Pakistan remains volatile and unpredictable, with ongoing security incidents, sectarian violence, and military operations contributing to displacement and related humanitarian needs.

Pakistan has experienced significant monsoon flooding for three consecutive years, most acutely affecting areas of Balochistan, Punjab, and Sindh provinces. The historic 2010 floods were particularly destructive, affecting more than 18 million people and resulting in nearly 2,000 deaths.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: January 09, 2017

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