A medical officer diagnoses a conflict-affected IDP family in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province in February 2013.
A medical officer diagnoses a conflict-affected IDP family in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province in February 2013.
Photo courtesy of a USAID/OFDA partner.

Latest Pakistan Fact Sheet

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Key Developments

In February, the Government of Pakistan (GoP) extended the validity of Proof of Registration cards granting legal residency to Afghan refugees in the country through June 30; however, UN agencies continue to report that uncertainty regarding long-term refugee status and GoP timelines for refugee returns could hinder safe, sustainable, and voluntary returns. An estimated 1.4 million registered Afghan refugees remained in Pakistan as of late January, according to the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees.

As of December 2017, more than 29,000 households remained displaced in Pakistan’s Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPk) Province due to conflict between GoP forces and militant groups, the UN reports. Approximately 332,400 households returned to FATA from KPk in 2017.

The U.S. Government continues to respond to the needs of populations affected by conflict and natural disasters throughout Pakistan by supporting partners to provide food, shelter, and water, sanitation, and hygiene assistance.



Since August 2008, conflict between the GoP and militants in FATA and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province has resulted in the internal displacement of millions of Pakistanis. Spontaneous and GoP-assisted returns to areas of origin have occurred each year; however, GoP security operations in FATA, primarily Khyber Agency, displaced nearly 412,000 people in 2012, according to the U.N. While returns continue, the overall security situation in Pakistan remains volatile and unpredictable, with ongoing security incidents, sectarian violence, and military operations contributing to displacement and related humanitarian needs.

Pakistan has experienced significant monsoon flooding for three consecutive years, most acutely affecting areas of Balochistan, Punjab, and Sindh provinces. The historic 2010 floods were particularly destructive, affecting more than 18 million people and resulting in nearly 2,000 deaths.

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Last updated: April 04, 2018

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