A medical officer diagnoses a conflict-affected IDP family in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province in February 2013.
A medical officer diagnoses a conflict-affected IDP family in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province in February 2013.
Photo courtesy of a USAID/OFDA partner.

Latest Pakistan Fact Sheet

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Key Developments

A UN assessment of humanitarian conditions in Sindh Province’s Tharparkar District conducted in May revealed that drought conditions since 2008 have resulted in reduced agricultural outputs, including the loss of between 65 and 70 percent of livestock in many communities. Due to drought, the population has increasingly resorted to negative coping mechanisms, the UN reports.

The Pakistan Meteorological Department (PMD) has issued its 2016 July–September summer monsoon forecast, which predicts rainfall 10–20 percent above average in many areas of Pakistan, including northeastern Balochistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab, and Sindh provinces. According to the PMD, above-average rainfall may produce flooding in urban areas and landslides and flooding in northern Pakistan.

Clashes that erupted between Afghan and Pakistani forces on June 12 at the Torkham border crossing in Pakistan’s Federally Administered Tribal Areas resulted in the closure of the border point for five days, impeding access to health care services and the flow of commodities, according to international media. The Torkham crossing reopened on June 18 following the establishment of a ceasefire between the governments of Afghanistan and Pakistan.



Since August 2008, conflict between the GoP and militants in FATA and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province has resulted in the internal displacement of millions of Pakistanis. Spontaneous and GoP-assisted returns to areas of origin have occurred each year; however, GoP security operations in FATA, primarily Khyber Agency, displaced nearly 412,000 people in 2012, according to the U.N. While returns continue, the overall security situation in Pakistan remains volatile and unpredictable, with ongoing security incidents, sectarian violence, and military operations contributing to displacement and related humanitarian needs.

Pakistan has experienced significant monsoon flooding for three consecutive years, most acutely affecting areas of Balochistan, Punjab, and Sindh provinces. The historic 2010 floods were particularly destructive, affecting more than 18 million people and resulting in nearly 2,000 deaths.

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Last updated: July 01, 2016

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