Pakistan

A medical officer diagnoses a conflict-affected IDP family in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province in February 2013.
A medical officer diagnoses a conflict-affected IDP family in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province in February 2013.
Photo courtesy of a USAID/OFDA partner.

Latest Pakistan Fact Sheet

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Key Developments

The UN recently released the 2016 Humanitarian Strategic Plan (HSP) for Pakistan, requesting $442 million to meet the humanitarian needs of approximately 3.6 million vulnerable people, including internally displaced persons, Afghan refugees, and disaster-affected populations. Priority needs cited in the HSP include emergency food support and shelter assistance.

In 2016, the Government of Pakistan (GoP) plans to facilitate the return of approximately 96 percent of 180,000 displaced households to their areas of origin in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA). The UN and response actors report that returnees to FATA remain in need of substantial humanitarian support, including cash-based assistance and livelihoods programming.

Drought conditions in Sindh Province’s Tharparkar District have adversely affected crop yields and resulted in livestock deaths, according to humanitarian organizations. Although media reports have attributed recent deaths among children in the district to the effects of the drought, relief agencies report that the deaths are attributable to limited health care access and poor water quality.

 

Background

Since August 2008, conflict between the GoP and militants in FATA and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province has resulted in the internal displacement of millions of Pakistanis. Spontaneous and GoP-assisted returns to areas of origin have occurred each year; however, GoP security operations in FATA, primarily Khyber Agency, displaced nearly 412,000 people in 2012, according to the U.N. While returns continue, the overall security situation in Pakistan remains volatile and unpredictable, with ongoing security incidents, sectarian violence, and military operations contributing to displacement and related humanitarian needs.

Pakistan has experienced significant monsoon flooding for three consecutive years, most acutely affecting areas of Balochistan, Punjab, and Sindh provinces. The historic 2010 floods were particularly destructive, affecting more than 18 million people and resulting in nearly 2,000 deaths.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: March 29, 2016

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