A medical officer diagnoses a conflict-affected IDP family in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province in February 2013.
A medical officer diagnoses a conflict-affected IDP family in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province in February 2013.
Photo courtesy of a USAID/OFDA partner.

Key Developments

Recent drought conditions continue to negatively impact vulnerable populations across Pakistan, exacerbating humanitarian needs in the country. The UN Food and Agriculture Organization estimates that drought had adversely affected approximately 5 million people in Pakistan as of September, with effects of the drought on local communities persisting in Pakistan’s southern Balochistan and Sindh provinces despite average monsoon rains in May–August. In response to drought-induced humanitarian needs, USAID is supporting programs to provide emergency food assistance, bolster livelihoods opportunities, and address water, sanitation, and hygiene gaps for affected communities in the two provinces.

The number of polio virus and dengue fever cases has increased in Pakistan in 2019, leading to a heightened need for health care and vaccination services. The Government of Pakistan had reported nearly 49,000 suspected cases of dengue fever and nearly 70 confirmed cases of polio to date in 2019.



Since August 2008, conflict between the GoP and militants in FATA and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province has resulted in the internal displacement of millions of Pakistanis. Spontaneous and GoP-assisted returns to areas of origin have occurred each year; however, GoP security operations in FATA, primarily Khyber Agency, displaced nearly 412,000 people in 2012, according to the U.N. While returns continue, the overall security situation in Pakistan remains volatile and unpredictable, with ongoing security incidents, sectarian violence, and military operations contributing to displacement and related humanitarian needs.

Pakistan has experienced significant monsoon flooding for three consecutive years, most acutely affecting areas of Balochistan, Punjab, and Sindh provinces. The historic 2010 floods were particularly destructive, affecting more than 18 million people and resulting in nearly 2,000 deaths.

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Last updated: November 13, 2019

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