Pakistan

A medical officer diagnoses a conflict-affected IDP family in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province in February 2013.
A medical officer diagnoses a conflict-affected IDP family in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province in February 2013.
Photo courtesy of a USAID/OFDA partner.

Latest Pakistan Fact Sheet

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Key Developments

More than 155,000 registered and undocumented Afghans returned from Pakistan to areas of origin in Afghanistan from January–November, representing a substantial decrease compared to the more than 370,000 registered returnees from January–December 2016, the UN reports. An estimated 1.4 million registered Afghan refugees remain in Pakistan, according to the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees.

Displacement continues in Pakistan’s Federally Administered Tribal Areas and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province, where more than 29,300 households—many of whom lack sufficient access to food, shelter, and critical services—remained internally displaced as of November 30, the UN reports.

With more than $62 million in FY 2017 funding, the U.S. government continues to respond to ongoing food, shelter, health, protection and water, sanitation, and hygiene needs generated by the complex emergency in Pakistan.

 

Background

Since August 2008, conflict between the GoP and militants in FATA and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province has resulted in the internal displacement of millions of Pakistanis. Spontaneous and GoP-assisted returns to areas of origin have occurred each year; however, GoP security operations in FATA, primarily Khyber Agency, displaced nearly 412,000 people in 2012, according to the U.N. While returns continue, the overall security situation in Pakistan remains volatile and unpredictable, with ongoing security incidents, sectarian violence, and military operations contributing to displacement and related humanitarian needs.

Pakistan has experienced significant monsoon flooding for three consecutive years, most acutely affecting areas of Balochistan, Punjab, and Sindh provinces. The historic 2010 floods were particularly destructive, affecting more than 18 million people and resulting in nearly 2,000 deaths.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: January 11, 2018

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