Nigerian Mother
A mother participates in USAID-funded program in northeastern Nigeria.
Chris Pratt/USAID

Latest Lake Chad Fact Sheet

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Key Developments

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) is responding to the complex emergency in the Lake Chad Basin region, including NigeriaCameroonChad, and Niger.

On December 21, Nigeria’s Borno State Commissioner of Health issued a statement marking the end of the state’s cholera outbreak after more than two weeks with no new reported cholera cases in Borno. Between mid-August and December 17, Borno State Ministry of Health officials recorded nearly 5,400 suspected and confirmed cholera cases, including 61 related deaths. USAID partners supported all aspects of the cholera response, including operating cholera treatment centers, facilitating case identification and testing, providing safe drinking water, delivering health and hygiene supplies, and conducting social mobilization activities.

At least seven reported attacks by armed groups resulted in the death of nearly 60 civilians and injured dozens more in northeastern Nigeria between late December and early January, according to international media. The incidents followed a December 16 attack on a convoy in Borno that included UN World Food Program trucks transporting food commodities for conflict-affected populations in northeastern Nigeria. The attack resulted in the death of at least four civilians.

The number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) sheltering in Nigeria’s Borno, Adamawa, and Yobe states nominally decreased from 1.57 million people in October to 1.56 million people in December, according to the International Organization for Migration. Borno reflected the largest change with a decrease of more than 11,900 IDPs; Borno continues to host the largest number of IDPs in northeastern Nigeria with more than 1.3 million IDPs.

Farmers in conflict-affected areas of northeastern Nigeria reaped significantly below-average main-season staple harvests in late 2017 due to restricted field access and insufficient and irregular rainfall, according to a December report by the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET). FEWS NET expects Crisis—IPC 3—and Emergency—IPC 4—levels of acute food insecurity to continue for many households who had poor or no main season harvests. In addition, FEWS NET reports that an elevated risk of Famine—IPC 5—persists in inaccessible areas of northeastern Nigeria, where information on current food security outcomes is limited. Households in areas of northeastern Nigeria less affected by the insurgency, such as southern Borno, southern Adamawa, and western and central Yobe, are expected to face Stressed—IPC 2—levels of acute food insecurity until May.

USAID/OFDA is responding to the complex emergency in the Lake Chad Basin region. Please visit our web page for additional information.


Continued Boko Haram-related insecurity resulted in population displacement, disrupted livelihoods, food insecurity, and protection concerns in northeastern Nigeria—primarily Adamawa, Borno, and Yobe states—since 2015. Insecurity, including attacks by Boko Haram and the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria–West Africa, continues to restrict access to basic services, and both displaced people and vulnerable host communities are in need of emergency food assistance, safe drinking water, relief commodities, as well as health, nutrition, protection, shelter, and water, sanitation, and hygiene interventions. As of September 2017, the UN estimated that 8.5 million people in northeastern Nigeria required humanitarian assistance; of the population in need, approximately 2.6 million people were acutely food-insecure and 1.7 million people were displaced. The majority of internally displaced persons continued to reside in host communities, straining local resources and exacerbating needs among displaced and host populations.

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Last updated: January 08, 2018

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