Nigeria

Nigerian Mother
A mother participates in USAID-funded program in northeastern Nigeria.
Chris Pratt/USAID

Latest Lake Chad Fact Sheet

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Key Developments

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) is responding to the complex emergency in the Lake Chad Basin region, including NigeriaCameroonChad, and Niger.

From August 10–12, members of the Tripartite Commission—comprising representatives of the Government of Nigeria (GoN), the Government of the Republic of Cameroon, and the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)—convened in Abuja, Nigeria, to discuss the implementation of the Tripartite Agreement, which calls for safe, dignified, and voluntary returns of refugees from Cameroon to Nigeria. The gathering marked the first meeting of the Commission since the signing of the Tripartite Agreement in early March.

Nigerian military forces forcibly entered a UN compound in Borno State’s capital city of Maiduguri on August 11 and searched humanitarian personnel belongings and equipment, resulting in a temporary suspension of UN operations in the area, relief actors report. Shortly after the incident, UN officials and Borno authorities released public statements condemning the actions and held a joint press conference to demonstrate mutual commitment to safeguarding humanitarian staff, effectively diffusing the situation. The GoN Ministry of Foreign Affairs also released a statement expressing regret regarding the incident, noting that the government recognized its obligations under international humanitarian law and principles. As of August 14, the UN had resumed operations, including flight services, in Borno.

With USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) support, the UN World Food Program and its partners reached an estimated 1.1 million people in Adamawa, Borno, and Yobe states with food assistance—including nutrition assistance for approximately 158,000 children ages six to 23 months and 78,000 pregnant and nursing women—in July. In addition, a USAID/FFP partner provided electronic food vouchers to more than 101,000 people in northeastern Nigeria between April and June 2017. The partner also conducted malnutrition screenings for nearly 42,500 children ages five years and younger, including nearly 1,400 children suffering from moderate acute malnutrition, in Borno.

USAID/OFDA is responding to the complex emergency in the Lake Chad Basin region. Please visit our web page for additional information.

Background

Continued Boko Haram-related insecurity resulted in population displacement, disrupted livelihoods, food insecurity, and protection concerns in northeastern Nigeria—primarily Adamawa, Borno, and Yobe states—since 2015. Insecurity, including attacks by Boko Haram and the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria–West Africa, continues to restrict access to basic services, and both displaced people and vulnerable host communities are in need of emergency food assistance, safe drinking water, relief commodities, as well as health, nutrition, protection, shelter, and water, sanitation, and hygiene interventions. The UN estimated that 8.5 million people in affected areas required humanitarian assistance; of the population in need, approximately 5.2 million people were acutely food-insecure and 1.7 million people were displaced. The majority of internally displaced persons continued to reside in host communities, straining local resources and exacerbating needs among displaced and host populations.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: August 21, 2017

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