Nigerian Mother
A mother participates in USAID-funded program in northeastern Nigeria.
Chris Pratt/USAID

Latest Lake Chad Fact Sheet

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Key Developments

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) is responding to the complex emergency in the Lake Chad Basin region, including NigeriaCameroonChad, and Niger.

The Government of Nigeria (GoN) Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, in partnership with the UN Food and Agriculture Organization, UN World Food Program, and other relief agencies, recently released an updated Cadre Harmonisé report—a multi-sector food security and nutrition analysis—for 16 Nigerian states and the Federal Capital Territory. Preliminary results indicated that food insecurity remains concerning for populations in northeastern Nigeria’s Adamawa, Borno, and Yobe states, with conflict negatively affecting food access, availability, and production.

In September, food security actors provided emergency food assistance to 2.2 million people through in-kind food distributions and cash-based transfers in Adawama, Borno, and Yobe, according to the Food Security Sector Working Group—the coordinating body for humanitarian food security activities in Nigeria, comprising UN agencies, NGOs, and other stakeholders.

On October 30, an individual detonated a person-borne improvised explosive device in a mosque in Borno’s capital city of Maiduguri, resulting in at least five deaths, international media report. Suspected Boko Haram militants attacked civilians and an accompanying military escort traveling along Banki–Bama road in Borno’s Bama local government area the same day, resulting in at least four civilian deaths and numerous injuries, according to GoN authorities.

The number of new suspected cholera cases in Borno continues to decrease, and Borno State Ministry of Health officials have not recorded a cholera-associated death since October 11. Relief organizations, including USAID/OFDA partners, continue to conduct prevention and treatment activities throughout Borno.

USAID/OFDA is responding to the complex emergency in the Lake Chad Basin region. Please visit our web page for additional information.


Continued Boko Haram-related insecurity resulted in population displacement, disrupted livelihoods, food insecurity, and protection concerns in northeastern Nigeria—primarily Adamawa, Borno, and Yobe states—since 2015. Insecurity, including attacks by Boko Haram and the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria–West Africa, continues to restrict access to basic services, and both displaced people and vulnerable host communities are in need of emergency food assistance, safe drinking water, relief commodities, as well as health, nutrition, protection, shelter, and water, sanitation, and hygiene interventions. The UN estimated that 8.5 million people in affected areas required humanitarian assistance; of the population in need, approximately 5.2 million people were acutely food-insecure and 1.7 million people were displaced. The majority of internally displaced persons continued to reside in host communities, straining local resources and exacerbating needs among displaced and host populations.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: November 13, 2017

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