Nigerian Mother
A mother participates in USAID-funded program in northeastern Nigeria.
Chris Pratt/USAID

Latest Lake Chad Fact Sheet

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Key Developments

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) is responding to the complex emergency in the Lake Chad Basin region, including NigeriaCameroonChad, and Niger.

Health actors are responding to suspected cholera cases in northeastern Nigeria’s Borno State, where there have been nearly 800 suspected cholera cases and three cholera-related deaths in Kukawa Local Government Area (LGA) from February 13–July 1, and more than 100 suspected cholera cases and three cholera-related deaths in Askira/Uba LGA from June 11–July 1. Meanwhile, health actors, including partners of USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance, are responding to suspected cholera cases in northeastern Nigeria’s Adamawa State, where more than 1,600 suspected cholera cases and 26 cholera-related deaths have been recorded from May 17–July 5.

On June 29, suspected Boko Haram elements attacked Borno’s Banki internally displaced person (IDP) camp, resulting in the deaths of at least four people and injuries to four others, as well as theft of supplies from the camp. The camp hosted approximately 45,000 people as of early July.

The International Organization for Migration recorded approximately 1.76 million IDPs in northeastern Nigeria’s Adamawa, Borno, and Yobe states as of June 16. The figure represents an increase of nearly 40,000 people since April.

USAID/OFDA is responding to the complex emergency in the Lake Chad Basin region. Please visit our web page for additional information.


Continued Boko Haram-related insecurity has resulted in population displacement, disrupted livelihoods, food insecurity, and protection concerns in northeastern Nigeria—primarily Adamawa, Borno, and Yobe states—since 2015. Insecurity, including attacks by Boko Haram and the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria–West Africa, continues to restrict access to basic services, and both displaced people and vulnerable host communities are in need of emergency food assistance, safe drinking water, relief commodities, as well as health, nutrition, protection, shelter, and water, sanitation, and hygiene interventions. As of December 2017, the UN estimated that 7.7 million people in northeastern Nigeria required humanitarian assistance; of the population in need, approximately 2.6 million people were acutely food-insecure and 1.6 million people were displaced. The majority of internally displaced persons continue to reside in host communities, straining local resources and exacerbating needs among displaced and host populations. On September 25, 2017, U.S. Ambassador W. Stuart Symington re-declared a disaster for FY 2018 due to the ongoing complex emergency in Nigeria.

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Last updated: July 10, 2018

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