Nigerian Mother
A mother participates in USAID-funded program in northeastern Nigeria.
Chris Pratt/USAID

Latest Lake Chad Fact Sheet

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Key Developments

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) is responding to the complex emergency in the Lake Chad Basin region, including NigeriaCameroonChad, and Niger.

In April, the UN World Food Program (WFP) reported a shortfall of approximately $224 million to fund emergency operations, including life-saving food and nutrition assistance, in Nigeria through October. In response to resource constraints, WFP began reducing some food rations for targeted populations during April. Food security is expected to deteriorate in mid-2017, and an estimated 5.2 million people in Adamawa, Borno, and Yobe states could face acute food insecurity between June and August.

UN leadership is advocating for additional financial resources from donors, the private sector, and the Government of Nigeria to mitigate the impact of WFP funding constraints. In response, USAID's Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) recently provided an additional $30 million to bolster WFP operations in Nigeria, bringing total USAID/FFP assistance for WFP in Nigeria to date in FY 2017 to $60 million.

State authorities in Nigeria’s Borno State have announced plans to facilitate the return of an estimated 78,000 Nigerian refugees from Cameroon, local media report. Although authorities stated that the refugee returns process will be in accordance with the Geneva Convention, state officials have not outlined how the process relates to the Tripartite Agreement that the governments of Cameroon and Nigeria and the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees signed in March.

USAID partners and other relief actors are developing contingency plans, pre-positioning relief commodities, and scaling up humanitarian operations in preparation for the May-toOctober rainy season. USAID's Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance partners are also pre-positioning cholera response kits and training health care workers on cholera surveillance and case management in anticipation of increased cholera caseloads during the rainy season.

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) is responding to the complex emergency in the Lake Chad Basin region. Please visit our web page for additional information.


Beginning in early 2012, increased violence by Boko Haram militants has generated a complex emergency in Nigeria—particularly affecting the northeastern states of Adamawa, Borno, and Yobe—and increasingly affecting neighboring Cameroon, Chad, and Niger. As of May 2015, the UN estimated that Boko Haram attacks in Nigeria and bordering countries had killed nearly 3,500 people since December 2014 and internally displaced approximately 1.63 million others, including 1.5 million Nigerians. In addition, an estimated 168,000 Nigerian refugees and returning migrants had fled to Cameroon, Chad, and Niger.

Displacement, contributing to limited agricultural activity and disrupted trade flows, continues to aggravate food insecurity and malnutrition in Nigeria and neighboring countries. As of early 2015, an estimated 4.6 million Nigerians were at risk of food insecurity, according to the UN. Of the 2.6 million people across the Sahel estimated to be facing Crisis levels of food insecurity in early 2015, 70 percent were located in Cameroon, Chad, Niger, and Nigeria. Ongoing conflict continues to displace populations and limit humanitarian access in affected areas.

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Last updated: April 28, 2017

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