Nigerian Mother
A mother participates in USAID-funded program in northeastern Nigeria.
Chris Pratt/USAID

Latest Lake Chad Fact Sheet

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Key Developments

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) is responding to the complex emergency in the Lake Chad Basin region, including NigeriaCameroonChad, and Niger.

In FY 2018, the U.S. Government provided approximately $333 million to support the humanitarian response in Nigeria, including approximately $111 million from USAID/OFDA, nearly $198 million from USAID's Office of Food for Peace, and $24.4 million from U.S. Department of State's Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration. The response in Nigeria is part of a larger response across the Lake Chad Basin region, comprising areas of Cameroon, Chad, Niger, and Nigeria, where the USG has provided nearly $944 million in FY 2017–2018 humanitarian funding.

The humanitarian operating environment in northeastern Nigeria remains precarious, with at least two recent incidents of armed opposition groups executing aid workers, according to media reports.

During early October planning discussions regarding the 2019–2021 Nigeria Humanitarian Response Plan, the UN estimated that 7.1 million people will require humanitarian assistance across Adamawa, Borno, and Yobe states in 2019—an 8 percent decrease from 7.7 million people in 2018. The UN projected targeting a population of 6.2 million individuals for assistance in 2019, a slight increase from 2018, as it pilots a multi-year HRP in Nigeria to better align humanitarian and development planning and encourage extended and flexible funding. Working towards longer-term strategic objectives, relief agencies plan to update humanitarian needs, financial requirements, and assistance targets annually.

USAID/OFDA is responding to the complex emergency in the Lake Chad Basin region. Please visit our web page for additional information.


Continued Boko Haram-related insecurity has resulted in population displacement, disrupted livelihoods, food insecurity, and protection concerns in northeastern Nigeria—primarily Adamawa, Borno, and Yobe states—since 2015. Insecurity, including attacks by Boko Haram and the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria–West Africa, continues to restrict access to basic services, and both displaced people and vulnerable host communities are in need of emergency food assistance, safe drinking water, relief commodities, as well as health, nutrition, protection, shelter, and water, sanitation, and hygiene interventions. As of December 2017, the UN estimated that 7.7 million people in northeastern Nigeria required humanitarian assistance; of the population in need, approximately 2.6 million people were acutely food-insecure and 1.6 million people were displaced. The majority of internally displaced persons continue to reside in host communities, straining local resources and exacerbating needs among displaced and host populations. On September 25, 2017, U.S. Ambassador W. Stuart Symington re-declared a disaster for FY 2018 due to the ongoing complex emergency in Nigeria.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: November 21, 2018

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