Nigerian Mother
A mother participates in USAID-funded program in northeastern Nigeria.
Chris Pratt/USAID

Latest Lake Chad Fact Sheet

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Key Developments

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) is responding to the complex emergency in the Lake Chad Basin region, including NigeriaCameroonChad, and Niger.

On June 17, more than 800 people arrived in Nigeria’s Banki town, located in Borno State’s Bama Local Government Area (LGA), from Cameroon’s Minawao refugee camp, according to the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees. Borno State officials and relief agencies are establishing a new internally displaced person site in Bama and considering an additional site in nearby Gwoza LGA to alleviate overcrowding, as population influxes from Cameroon into Nigeria in recent months have strained already limited resources.

The Government of Nigeria (GoN) National Emergency Management Agency provided emergency food assistance to approximately 12,700 households in Borno in mid-June, under the recently launched GoN Special Relief Initiative in the Northeast. The new initiative aims to deliver 30,000 metric tons of food assistance to displaced households in Adamawa, Bauchi, Borno, Gombe, Taraba, and Yobe states.

Since early January, health actors in Niger have recorded nearly 900 suspected or confirmed cases of hepatitis E, of which approximately 60 percent occurred in conflict-affected Diffa Region. The onset of the rainy season has exacerbated the spread of hepatitis E in neighboring Nigeria, where health agencies are also responding to a recent uptick in cases in Borno’s Mobbar and Ngala LGAs. Humanitarian agencies in both countries are bolstering water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) services, educating communities on safe sanitation practices, and improving coordination among WASH actors and other stakeholders to prevent further spread of hepatitis E.


Beginning in early 2012, increased violence by Boko Haram militants has generated a complex emergency in Nigeria—particularly affecting the northeastern states of Adamawa, Borno, and Yobe—and increasingly affecting neighboring Cameroon, Chad, and Niger. As of May 2015, the UN estimated that Boko Haram attacks in Nigeria and bordering countries had killed nearly 3,500 people since December 2014 and internally displaced approximately 1.63 million others, including 1.5 million Nigerians. In addition, an estimated 168,000 Nigerian refugees and returning migrants had fled to Cameroon, Chad, and Niger.

Displacement, contributing to limited agricultural activity and disrupted trade flows, continues to aggravate food insecurity and malnutrition in Nigeria and neighboring countries. As of early 2015, an estimated 4.6 million Nigerians were at risk of food insecurity, according to the UN. Of the 2.6 million people across the Sahel estimated to be facing Crisis levels of food insecurity in early 2015, 70 percent were located in Cameroon, Chad, Niger, and Nigeria. Ongoing conflict continues to displace populations and limit humanitarian access in affected areas.

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Last updated: June 26, 2017

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