Nigeria

Nigerian Mother
A mother participates in USAID-funded program in northeastern Nigeria.
Chris Pratt/USAID

Latest Lake Chad Fact Sheet

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Key Developments

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) is responding to the complex emergency in the Lake Chad Basin region, including NigeriaCameroonChad, and Niger.

On September 3, USAID Counselor Thomas H. Staal announced nearly$174 million in additional funding for the humanitarian response in the Lake Chad Basin region, comprising areas of Cameroon, Chad, Niger, and Nigeria. The figure includes nearly $72.7 million from USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance, approximately $74.2 million from USAID’s Office of Food for Peace, and $26.8 million from the U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration. With nearly $934.4 million in FY 2017–2018 humanitarian funding, the United States remains the largest donor to the Lake Chad Basin response.

In northeastern Nigeria’s Borno State, a recent influx of more than 10,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) is straining resources in the state’s Government Senior Science Secondary School (GSSSS) camp in Bama town. In response to recent reports of critical nutrition and shelter needs among camp residents, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) began conducting emergency health and malnutrition programs in the camp.

Insecurity continues to affect people in the Lake Chad Basin, with armed attacks in August resulting in civilian casualties and loss of property. On August 19, suspected Boko Haram elements attacked Borno’s Mailari town, resulting in at least 19 deaths. The attack prompted a condemnation on behalf of UN Secretary-General António Guterres. In addition, an August 4 attack on Borno’s Gasarwa town resulted in at least four civilian deaths, the destruction of homes, and loss of commodities.

USAID/OFDA is responding to the complex emergency in the Lake Chad Basin region. Please visit our web page for additional information.

Background

Continued Boko Haram-related insecurity has resulted in population displacement, disrupted livelihoods, food insecurity, and protection concerns in northeastern Nigeria—primarily Adamawa, Borno, and Yobe states—since 2015. Insecurity, including attacks by Boko Haram and the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria–West Africa, continues to restrict access to basic services, and both displaced people and vulnerable host communities are in need of emergency food assistance, safe drinking water, relief commodities, as well as health, nutrition, protection, shelter, and water, sanitation, and hygiene interventions. As of December 2017, the UN estimated that 7.7 million people in northeastern Nigeria required humanitarian assistance; of the population in need, approximately 2.6 million people were acutely food-insecure and 1.6 million people were displaced. The majority of internally displaced persons continue to reside in host communities, straining local resources and exacerbating needs among displaced and host populations. On September 25, 2017, U.S. Ambassador W. Stuart Symington re-declared a disaster for FY 2018 due to the ongoing complex emergency in Nigeria.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: September 06, 2018

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