Community members in Tillabéri Region, western Niger, gather around a local water well.
Community members in Tillabéri Region, western Niger, gather around a local water well.
Richard Jacquot/USAID

Latest Lake Chad Fact Sheet

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Key Developments

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) is responding to the complex emergency in the Lake Chad Basin region, including NigeriaCameroonChad, and Niger.

Throughout 2017, the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) recorded nearly 780 protection incidents in Diffa Region through its protection monitoring program. The UN agency recorded the highest number of protection incidents—28 percent—in Diffa’s Gueskerou Department, while the remaining departments each registered between 9 and 13 percent of cases. UNHCR noted that suspected Boko Haram elements were responsible for approximately 47 percent of the incidents.

In a late March visit to Niger’s Diffa Region, UN Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights of IDPs Cecilia Jimenez-Damary identified humanitarian protection assistance, such as prevention of and response to gender-based violence, and income generating opportunities as priority needs for displaced populations in the region.

USAID/OFDA is responding to the complex emergency in the Lake Chad Basin region. Please visit our web page for additional information.


Heavy rainfall between early June and late September 2017 triggered flooding in all eight regions of Niger. As of September 19, the floods had resulted in at least 56 deaths, affected more than 194,000 people, and destroyed more than 9,000 houses, according to the Government of Niger. Populations residing in villages along the Niger River—primarily in Dosso and Niamey regions—were the most affected, with many people displaced due to rising water levels in Dosso. On October 4, U.S. Ambassador to Niger Eunice S. Reddick declared a disaster due to the effects of the floods. In response, USAID/OFDA provided $50,000 to support the distribution of emergency relief supplies, including shelter materials, to affected people in Dosso and Niamey.

Since 2015, Niger’s Diffa Region has experienced attacks by Boko Haram, disrupting basic services such as health and education, limiting agro-pastoral livelihoods, and prompting population displacement. Approximately 408,000 people require urgent food assistance and more than 100,000 people are in need of nutrition assistance in Diffa. Overall, approximately 419,000 people require humanitarian assistance in Diffa as a result of Boko Haram-related insecurity, according to the UN. On December 16, 2017, U.S. Chargé d’Affaires, a.i., Phillip Nelson re-declared a disaster for FY 2018 in response to the complex emergency in southeastern Niger.

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Last updated: April 09, 2018

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