Community members in Tillabéri Region, western Niger, gather around a local water well.
Community members in Tillabéri Region, western Niger, gather around a local water well.
Richard Jacquot/USAID

Latest Lake Chad Fact Sheet

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Key Developments

On August 12, the Government of the Republic of Niger reported that heavy rains, particularly in arid desert regions in western areas of the country, had resulted in 14 deaths and displaced an estimated 46,000 people. The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) reports that floods have damaged nearly 1,700 houses since June, with local authorities reporting the loss of more than 19,500 livestock. Local authorities and the UN have delivered food to flood-displaced populations, with plans to distribute emergency relief items in the coming days.

The UN World Food Program (WFP) and its partners continue to respond to the needs of vulnerable populations in Niger, providing food distributions to 250,000 people, including children younger than five years of age and pregnant and nursing women, throughout the country. WFP also continued resilience-related projects in Niger in July, completing the construction of three large water catchment sites to support small-scale gardening for an estimated 42,000 people. In June, WFP and implementing partners distributed nearly 2,300 metric tons of food to an estimated 139,000 people in Niger's Diffa Region.

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) is responding to the complex emergency in the Lake Chad Basin region. Please visit our web page for additional information.


The U.N. estimated that as many as 20 million people throughout the Sahel—including parts of Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, The Gambia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, and Senegal—were food insecure as of February 2014. In July 2013, an estimated 11.3 million people in the region were affected by or at-risk of food insecurity, according to the U.N. The year prior, erratic rainfall and decreased agricultural production propelled the Sahel into a food insecurity and malnutrition crisis that depleted household food stocks, resources, and livelihood assets.

In Mali and its neighboring countries, the effects linger from a conflict that began in northern Mali in January 2012 and triggered massive population displacement throughout the region. While the situation improved in 2013, the displacement, as well as disrupted trade flows and migration patterns, continue to complicate food security conditions in affected areas.

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Last updated: September 01, 2016

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