Community members in Tillabéri Region, western Niger, gather around a local water well.
Community members in Tillabéri Region, western Niger, gather around a local water well.
Richard Jacquot/USAID

Latest Lake Chad Fact Sheet

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Key Developments

On October 9, U.S. Ambassador Eunice S. Reddick redeclared a disaster in Niger due to the ongoing complex emergency generated by the Boko Haram insurgency. This was followed by U.S. Chargé d’Affaires, a.i., David J. Young’s October 11 redeclaration of a disaster in Nigeria due to the continued and significant humanitarian needs resulting from the conflict. In FY 2015–2016, the USG has provided more than $366 million in humanitarian assistance to the Lake Chad Basin countries of Cameroon, Chad, Niger, and Nigeria.

Insecurity persists throughout the Lake Chad Basin, and populations in all four countries continue to experience Boko Haram-related attacks, conflict, and suicide bombings. On October 12, a suicide attack near an internally displaced person camp in Borno’s capital city of Maiduguri resulted in the deaths of at least eight people and injured 15 more. Security incidents in the region in recent months, including attacks on commercial and humanitarian convoys, looting, and raids, continue to affect vulnerable populations. In addition to the threat to conflict-affected individuals, attacks associated with Boko Haram negatively impact humanitarian aid operations by limiting access to populations in need of life-saving humanitarian interventions.

On October 10, the UN World Health Organization confirmed a new wild poliovirus (WPV) case in Borno State’s Monguno local government area, bringing the total number of confirmed cases in Borno to four. In response to the WPV cases, nearly 39,000 health care workers in Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Niger, and Nigeria are mobilizing regionally to vaccinate more than 41 million children, according to the UN Children’s Fund. The governments of the five countries are delivering the vaccines in five rounds coordinated across the region, with support from humanitarian organizations. Two of the immunization rounds have been completed to date, with three more planned before the end of 2016.

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) is responding to the complex emergency in the Lake Chad Basin region. Please visit our web page for additional information.


The U.N. estimated that as many as 20 million people throughout the Sahel—including parts of Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, The Gambia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, and Senegal—were food insecure as of February 2014. In July 2013, an estimated 11.3 million people in the region were affected by or at-risk of food insecurity, according to the U.N. The year prior, erratic rainfall and decreased agricultural production propelled the Sahel into a food insecurity and malnutrition crisis that depleted household food stocks, resources, and livelihood assets.

In Mali and its neighboring countries, the effects linger from a conflict that began in northern Mali in January 2012 and triggered massive population displacement throughout the region. While the situation improved in 2013, the displacement, as well as disrupted trade flows and migration patterns, continue to complicate food security conditions in affected areas.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: October 14, 2016

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