Community members in Tillabéri Region, western Niger, gather around a local water well.
Community members in Tillabéri Region, western Niger, gather around a local water well.
Richard Jacquot/USAID

Latest Lake Chad Fact Sheet

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Key Developments

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) is responding to the complex emergency in the Lake Chad Basin region, including NigeriaCameroonChad, and Niger.

USAID/OFDA is responding to two different complex emergencies in Niger. In the regions of Tillaberi and Tahoua along the Niger–Mali–Burkina Faso border, attacks by armed groups have resulted in deteriorating security and humanitarian conditions since early 2018. In addition, insecurity continues to negatively affect populations in Niger’s Diffa Region, which is part of the Lake Chad Basin.

As of late May 2019, Niger’s Tahoua and Tillaberi border regions were hosting more than 76,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs). In addition to the growing number of IDPs, these regions host more than 50,000 Malian refugees and asylum seekers, further straining local resources. All face urgent humanitarian needs, including access to food, health care, protection services, shelter and emergency relief supplies, and water and sanitation.

In Diffa, Niger is facing significant conflict and insecurity linked to Boko Haram, which continues to disrupt normal livelihoods and trade activities, restrict access to food, and limit humanitarian access. Significant populations remain dependent on food assistance, but aid groups have been unable to reach all in need due to inadequate humanitarian access. FEWS NET also reports that continued conflict and diminishing humanitarian assistance could worsen conditions for vulnerable populations.

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) anticipates that Stressed—IPC 2—levels of acute food insecurity will persist in parts of southern Diffa through January 2020, with humanitarian assistance preventing Crisis outcomes in some areas. However, FEWS NET reports that conflict in Diffa continues to undermine access to food and restrict livelihoods activities, driving Crisis—IPC 3—conditions for the worst-affected households.


USAID/OFDA is responding to the complex emergency in the Lake Chad Basin region. Please visit our web page for additional information.


To date in Fiscal Year (FY) 2019, the USG has provided more than $22.5 million to support the humanitarian response in Niger. The figure includes more than $2.5 million from USAID/OFDA, nearly $9 million from USAID's Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP), and $11 million from the U.S. Department of State's Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (State/PRM). The response in Niger is part of a larger response across the Lake Chad Basin, for which the USG has provided more than $641 million in FY 2018–2019 humanitarian funding.

On November 14, 2018, U.S. Ambassador Eric P. Whitaker redeclared a disaster in Niger due to the ongoing complex emergency in the Lake Chad Basin. On April 19, 2019, Ambassador Whitaker declared an additional disaster in Niger due to emergency conditions caused by conflict-related displacement in Tahoua and Tillaberi.

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Last updated: July 11, 2019

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