Community members in Tillabéri Region, western Niger, gather around a local water well.
Community members in Tillabéri Region, western Niger, gather around a local water well.
Richard Jacquot/USAID

Latest Lake Chad Fact Sheet

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Key Developments

On June 29, the Government of the Republic of Niger (GoRN) extended the state of emergency for Diffa Region— originally declared in February 2015—until October 25, due to continued Boko Haram violence. The GoRN cited the need for additional time to strengthen security measures in Diffa following the insurgent group’s late-May and early June attacks, which displaced an estimated 70,000 people in Bosso Department. Access to food and livelihood opportunities remains limited for vulnerable households in Diffa, particularly recently displaced people, the USAID-funded Famine Early Warning Systems Network reports. As a result, households are likely to experience Stressed—IPC 2—and Crisis levels of food insecurity through January 2017. In June, humanitarian actors provided more than 106,000 people in Bosso with emergency food assistance, including in-kind food assistance and cash transfers for food, the UN reports. USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA)—with nearly $8.7 million in new funding for non-governmental organization (NGO) partners in Niger—is supporting activities that increase access to food and livelihoods through agriculture and livestock training; provide relief commodities, such as plastic sheeting, blankets, and hygiene items, to vulnerable households; facilitate access to safe drinking water and sanitation facilities; and strengthen access to health care, including treatment for malnutrition. In addition, USAID/OFDA provided $1 million to the International Organization for Migration to strengthen national capacity for monitoring and tracking displacement in Niger and to provide relief commodities to vulnerable populations. USAID's Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) recently provided more than $4.6 million to NGO partners providing targeted cash transfers, food vouchers, and cash-for-work opportunities in Diffa, reaching more than 43,600 internally displaced persons, refugees, returnees, and host community members. In addition, with nearly $1.8 million in new USAID/FFP assistance, UNICEF is providing ready-to-use therapeutic food to meet the urgent needs of children experiencing severe acute malnutrition.

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) is responding to the complex emergency in the Lake Chad Basin region. Please visit our web page for additional information.


The U.N. estimated that as many as 20 million people throughout the Sahel—including parts of Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, The Gambia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, and Senegal—were food insecure as of February 2014. In July 2013, an estimated 11.3 million people in the region were affected by or at-risk of food insecurity, according to the U.N. The year prior, erratic rainfall and decreased agricultural production propelled the Sahel into a food insecurity and malnutrition crisis that depleted household food stocks, resources, and livelihood assets.

In Mali and its neighboring countries, the effects linger from a conflict that began in northern Mali in January 2012 and triggered massive population displacement throughout the region. While the situation improved in 2013, the displacement, as well as disrupted trade flows and migration patterns, continue to complicate food security conditions in affected areas.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: August 16, 2016

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