Community members in Tillabéri Region, western Niger, gather around a local water well.
Community members in Tillabéri Region, western Niger, gather around a local water well.
Richard Jacquot/USAID

Latest Lake Chad Fact Sheet

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Key Developments

Boko Haram-related violence continues to displace households in the Lake Chad Basin. A series of Boko Haram attacks in Diffa Region’s Bosso Department displaced an estimated 50,000‒76,000 people— including both newly displaced people and those experiencing secondary or tertiary displacement—from Bosso, Tomour, and Yébi towns between late May and early June, the UN reports. As of mid-June, an estimated 17,000 people fleeing Bosso, Tomour, and Yébi had reached Diffa town, approximately 90 miles west of Bosso town; additional displaced people sheltered in sites between Bosso and Diffa towns, as well as in Kidjendi town, approximately 30 miles from Bosso. The majority of displaced households are sheltering with host families, while others are in public buildings or open spaces. The attacks followed an escalation of violence in Diffa Region in April and May.

Priority needs among recently displaced households in Diffa town include emergency food assistance, health care, psychosocial support, shelter supplies, WASH materials, and basic household goods, according to early June joint rapid needs assessments conducted by the Government of the Republic of Niger (GoRN) and humanitarian organizations. The UN World Food Program distributed 15-day emergency food rations to more than 1,400 recently displaced people in Diffa town in early June and planned to distribute 157 MT of food to displaced people at sites between Bosso and Diffa towns. Relief organizations, including USAID and U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (State/PRM) partners, are coordinating with the GoRN to provide affected households in Diffa Region with emergency relief assistance.

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance is utilizing a UNICEF Regional Rapid Response Mechanism to provide emergency relief commodities to affected households in Diffa Region. As of June 23, the GoRN and USG partners had provided emergency in-kind food assistance and cash assistance to purchase food to nearly 89,500 recently displaced people in Diffa Region. A partner of USAID's Office of Food for Peace has also provided cash for the purchase of food to approximately 18,200 people in Diffa and Kidjendi towns. Additionally, USAID and State partners, in coordination with the GoRN, have provided emergency food assistance to more than 71,330 recently displaced people in Diffa, Gagam, Garin Wazam, Kidjendi, and Toumour towns.

The 2016 Niger HRP requests $316 million to assist approximately 1.5 million vulnerable people throughout the country, including more than 150,000 IDPs, refugees, and returnees targeted for assistance in Diffa Region. As of June 30, donors had contributed nearly $93.5 million—approximately 30 percent of the requested total—toward the appeal. To date in FY 2016, the USG has provided more than $17.1 million for response efforts in Niger.

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) is responding to the complex emergency in the Lake Chad Basin region. Please visit our web page for additional information.


The U.N. estimated that as many as 20 million people throughout the Sahel—including parts of Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, The Gambia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, and Senegal—were food insecure as of February 2014. In July 2013, an estimated 11.3 million people in the region were affected by or at-risk of food insecurity, according to the U.N. The year prior, erratic rainfall and decreased agricultural production propelled the Sahel into a food insecurity and malnutrition crisis that depleted household food stocks, resources, and livelihood assets.

In Mali and its neighboring countries, the effects linger from a conflict that began in northern Mali in January 2012 and triggered massive population displacement throughout the region. While the situation improved in 2013, the displacement, as well as disrupted trade flows and migration patterns, continue to complicate food security conditions in affected areas.

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Last updated: July 01, 2016

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