Community members in Tillabéri Region, western Niger, gather around a local water well.
Community members in Tillabéri Region, western Niger, gather around a local water well.
Richard Jacquot/USAID

Latest Lake Chad Fact Sheet

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Key Developments

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) is responding to the complex emergency in the Lake Chad Basin region, including NigeriaCameroonChad, and Niger.

On July 8, U.S. President Donald J. Trump announced an additional $639 million in emergency funding to respond to the humanitarian crises in Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, and Yemen. The new funding includes approximately $122 million to support life-saving assistance for displaced and vulnerable Nigerian households in the Lake Chad Basin region. Ongoing conflict in the region has displaced more than 1.9 million Nigerians and reduced household access to food, with an estimated 5.2 million people facing acute food insecurity in northeastern Nigeria’s Adamawa, Borno, and Yobe states.

In late June, Government of Nigeria and Government of the Republic of Cameroon authorities facilitated transport of approximately 900 displaced people from Cameroon to Nigeria’s Banki town, according to the UN. On June 29, the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees expressed concern regarding reports of forced population returns to Nigeria and urged relevant stakeholders to support safe, dignified, and voluntary returns. Relief agencies—including U.S. Government (USG) partners—continue to deliver emergency assistance to populations near the Cameroon–Nigeria border, including recent returnees sheltering in Banki.

Conflict and insecurity across the Lake Chad Basin continue to displace populations and exacerbate humanitarian needs. Suspected Boko Haram militants repeatedly attacked civilians in June and early July, resulting in dozens of deaths and injuries. In response to conflict-related humanitarian needs in the region, USG partners are providing emergency health and water, sanitation, and hygiene interventions; delivering emergency food and nutrition assistance; and bolstering agricultural production and household incomes where security conditions allow.

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) is responding to the complex emergency in the Lake Chad Basin region. Please visit our web page for additional information.


The U.N. estimated that as many as 20 million people throughout the Sahel—including parts of Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, The Gambia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, and Senegal—were food insecure as of February 2014. In July 2013, an estimated 11.3 million people in the region were affected by or at-risk of food insecurity, according to the U.N. The year prior, erratic rainfall and decreased agricultural production propelled the Sahel into a food insecurity and malnutrition crisis that depleted household food stocks, resources, and livelihood assets.

In Mali and its neighboring countries, the effects linger from a conflict that began in northern Mali in January 2012 and triggered massive population displacement throughout the region. While the situation improved in 2013, the displacement, as well as disrupted trade flows and migration patterns, continue to complicate food security conditions in affected areas.

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Last updated: July 12, 2017

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