Niger

Community members in Tillabéri Region, western Niger, gather around a local water well.
Community members in Tillabéri Region, western Niger, gather around a local water well.
Richard Jacquot/USAID

Latest Lake Chad Fact Sheet

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Key Developments

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) is responding to the complex emergency in the Lake Chad Basin region, including in NigeriaCameroonChad, and Niger.

From March 1–7, a UN Security Council (UNSC) delegation traveled to the Lake Chad Basin Region, which comprises areas of Cameroon, Chad, Niger, and Nigeria, to observe humanitarian and security conditions and meet with national government and regional officials, UN agencies, and other stakeholders. Citing the magnitude of humanitarian needs in the region, the UNSC called on the international community to provide urgent support to conflict-affected populations and regional governments in a post-trip statement.

With USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) support, a relief organization is conducting malnutrition screenings, referrals, and case management activities in Boko Haram-affected communities of Niger’s Diffa Region. Between October and December 2016, the organization screened nearly 7,400 children younger than five years of age for malnutrition, referring nearly 1,200 children experiencing severe or moderate acute malnutrition for treatment. The USAID/OFDA partner is also conducting malnutrition prevention activities, including hygiene promotion campaigns and community-based activities that aim to improve nutrition in infants and children, including reaching approximately 25,300 individuals through community-based nutrition awareness raising events, cooking demonstrations, group discussions, and home visits.

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) is responding to the complex emergency in the Lake Chad Basin region. Please visit our web page for additional information.

Background

The U.N. estimated that as many as 20 million people throughout the Sahel—including parts of Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, The Gambia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, and Senegal—were food insecure as of February 2014. In July 2013, an estimated 11.3 million people in the region were affected by or at-risk of food insecurity, according to the U.N. The year prior, erratic rainfall and decreased agricultural production propelled the Sahel into a food insecurity and malnutrition crisis that depleted household food stocks, resources, and livelihood assets.

In Mali and its neighboring countries, the effects linger from a conflict that began in northern Mali in January 2012 and triggered massive population displacement throughout the region. While the situation improved in 2013, the displacement, as well as disrupted trade flows and migration patterns, continue to complicate food security conditions in affected areas.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: March 23, 2017

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