Niger

Community members in Tillabéri Region, western Niger, gather around a local water well.
Community members in Tillabéri Region, western Niger, gather around a local water well.
Richard Jacquot/USAID

Key Developments

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) is responding to the complex emergency in the Lake Chad Basin region, including NigeriaCameroonChad, and Niger.

On May 24, the U.S. government (USG) announced more than $329 million in additional humanitarian assistance to respond to the needs of vulnerable populations affected by food insecurity and ongoing violence in Nigeria, South Sudan, Somalia, and Yemen. The total includes approximately $45 million for emergency food, nutrition, and other life-saving assistance in northeastern Nigeria. The additional contribution brings the total USG funding for the humanitarian response in Nigeria to nearly $345 million since October 2015.

From April 30–May 20, more than 11,800 people left Cameroon’s Minawao refugee camp for Nigeria’s Banki town, located in Borno State along the Cameroon–Nigeria border, according to a rapid assessment by the International Organization for Migration and non-governmental organizations Danish Refugee Council and Médecins Sans Frontières. Relief actors are coordinating to provide emergency shelter and water, sanitation, and hygiene assistance to meet the needs of newly arrived populations. However, the UN has expressed concern that the rapid influx of persons to Banki and surrounding areas in Borno could overwhelm the current response capacity of relief actors.

In April, USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) partner the UN World Food Program (WFP) provided emergency food assistance to an estimated 194,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) and Nigerian refugees in Cameroon’s Far North Region, reaching approximately 97 percent of the targeted population. With USAID/FFP support, WFP also reached an estimated 163,000 IDPs, refugees, returnees, and vulnerable host community members in Niger’s conflict-affected Diffa Region with emergency food and nutrition assistance.

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) is responding to the complex emergency in the Lake Chad Basin region. Please visit our web page for additional information.

Background

The U.N. estimated that as many as 20 million people throughout the Sahel—including parts of Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, The Gambia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, and Senegal—were food insecure as of February 2014. In July 2013, an estimated 11.3 million people in the region were affected by or at-risk of food insecurity, according to the U.N. The year prior, erratic rainfall and decreased agricultural production propelled the Sahel into a food insecurity and malnutrition crisis that depleted household food stocks, resources, and livelihood assets.

In Mali and its neighboring countries, the effects linger from a conflict that began in northern Mali in January 2012 and triggered massive population displacement throughout the region. While the situation improved in 2013, the displacement, as well as disrupted trade flows and migration patterns, continue to complicate food security conditions in affected areas.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: May 26, 2017

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