Community members in Tillabéri Region, western Niger, gather around a local water well.
Community members in Tillabéri Region, western Niger, gather around a local water well.
Richard Jacquot/USAID

Latest Lake Chad Fact Sheet

view text version [pdf, 445kb]

Key Developments

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) is responding to the complex emergency in the Lake Chad Basin region, including in NigeriaCameroonChad, and Niger. Also, the Cameroon and Chad crisis pages still has not been updated with fact sheet #4 and the key developments. 

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) partner the International Organization for Migration (IOM) is coordinating with Government of Niger agencies and humanitarian actors to identify the number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Diffa through implementing a displacement tracking matrix (DTM). The Government of Niger is providing leadership on data collection, with IOM providing technical and analytical support to strengthen collection processes. The DTM aims to determine the scale and scope of displacement in Diffa to inform priority response interventions. In collaboration with the Government of Niger Cellule de Coordination Humanitaire, IOM is also serving as the co-lead of the Shelter/NFI Cluster Working Group in Niger.

In Niger’s Bosso and Diffa regions, a USAID/OFDA partner continues to provide multi-sector emergency interventions—such as health, nutrition, and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) assistance—to support vulnerable and displaced populations. The partner is strengthening the capacity of health care workers and community members to prevent and treat acute malnutrition and improving WASH practices among conflict-affected populations. Conflict has affected approximately half of Diffa’s estimated population of 600,000 people, while two-thirds of IDPs have experienced repeated displacement, according to the UN.

In October, a USAID partner in Diffa delivered emergency food assistance, nutrition support, humanitarian protection services, and WASH interventions to IDPs, returnees, and host community members. In Diffa’s Chétimari, Diffa, Geskérou, and Maïné Soroa departments, the USAID partner distributed food vouchers to approximately 28,000 people while conducting nutrition screenings to identify acutely malnourished populations. The USAID partner also provided more than 1,600 emergency relief commodity kits to support an estimated 11,300 IDPs in Diffa’s Deleram, Kitchandji, and Toumour departments. In addition, the NGO provided five 10,000-liter capacity water bladders to 5 serve approximately 5,800 people in Kitchandji and conducted 14 hygiene promotion sessions for nearly 1,900 people to improve access to safe drinking water.

Since August, a Rift Valley fever (RVF) outbreak in western Niger’s Tahoua Region has resulted in 32 human deaths, according to WHO. To date, the Government of Niger has registered 320 humans infected with the RVF virus, which primarily affects animals but can also infect humans. To limit disease transmission, health authorities have strengthened surveillance mechanisms and launched RVF awareness campaigns that target pastoralists in affected areas. Furthermore, WHO is supporting the Government of Niger to identify potential RVF vectors in the region while providing technical and financial support for disease surveillance mechanisms, outbreak investigations, and case management.

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) is responding to the complex emergency in the Lake Chad Basin region. Please visit our web page for additional information.


The U.N. estimated that as many as 20 million people throughout the Sahel—including parts of Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, The Gambia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, and Senegal—were food insecure as of February 2014. In July 2013, an estimated 11.3 million people in the region were affected by or at-risk of food insecurity, according to the U.N. The year prior, erratic rainfall and decreased agricultural production propelled the Sahel into a food insecurity and malnutrition crisis that depleted household food stocks, resources, and livelihood assets.

In Mali and its neighboring countries, the effects linger from a conflict that began in northern Mali in January 2012 and triggered massive population displacement throughout the region. While the situation improved in 2013, the displacement, as well as disrupted trade flows and migration patterns, continue to complicate food security conditions in affected areas.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: December 08, 2016

Share This Page