Community members in Tillabéri Region, western Niger, gather around a local water well.
Community members in Tillabéri Region, western Niger, gather around a local water well.
Richard Jacquot/USAID

Latest Lake Chad Fact Sheet

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Key Developments

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) is responding to the complex emergency in the Lake Chad Basin region, including NigeriaCameroonChad, and Niger.

Insecurity continues to disrupt livelihood activities and limit humanitarian access for populations in parts of Niger’s conflict-affected Diffa Region, according to the USAID-funded Famine Early Warning Systems Network. Many poor host community and displaced households will continue to face Crisis or Stressed levels of food insecurity until at least May 2018 and will likely remain dependent on relief assistance to meet basic needs.

As of October 24, health actors had reported more than 2,000 suspected and confirmed cases of hepatitis E, including 38 deaths, since the outbreak began in late April. More than 1,400 cases, or approximately 71 percent of the total, occurred in Diffa. However, health officials have not recorded a hepatitis E-associated death since late August.

With USAID/OFDA funding, a non-governmental organization partner continues to provide protection assistance to vulnerable populations in Diffa. Between May and September, the organization assisted with nearly 30 child protection cases and identified and documented approximately 50 incidents of gender-based violence, providing psychosocial support and references for health care and legal services for the survivors.

USAID/OFDA is responding to the complex emergency in the Lake Chad Basin region. Please visit our web page for additional information.


Heavy rainfall between early June and late September triggered flooding in all eight regions of Niger. As of September 19, the floods had resulted in at least 56 deaths, affected more than 194,000 people, and destroyed more than 9,000 houses, according to the Government of Niger (GoN). The flooding also destroyed more than 22,200 acres of crops and 700 wells and led to the loss of approximately 16,000 livestock. Populations residing in villages along the Niger River—primarily in Dosso and Niamey regions—were the most affected, with many people displaced due to rising water levels in Dosso. In response, the GoN deployed personnel to flood-affected areas to assist with assessments and response efforts and distributed more than 332 metric tons of food commodities to flood-affected communities. The extensive scale of the flooding, as well as related humanitarian needs, exceeded the GoN capacity to respond and prompted authorities to request international assistance. On October 4, U.S. Ambassador to Niger Eunice S. Reddick declared a disaster due to the effects of the floods. In response, USAID/OFDA provided $50,000 to support the distribution of emergency relief supplies, including shelter materials, to affected people in Dosso and Niamey.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: November 13, 2017

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