Mozambique Cyclone Idai
Cyclone Idai caused catastrophic flooding in Mozambique, leaving at least 600,000 people in need of assistance.
Adrien Barbier / AFP

Key Developments

Tropical Cyclone Idai made landfall over Mozambique’s city of Beira on March 15, producing torrential rains and strong winds and severely affecting populations in Manica, Sofala, Tete, and Zambézia provinces.  The same weather system had previously brought heavy rains that caused significant flooding in Mozambique in early March, before gaining strength in the Mozambique Channel and developing into a tropical cyclone.  The cyclone and floods resulted in more than 600 deaths, according to the Government of the Republic of Mozambique (GRM). U.S. Ambassador to Mozambique Dennis W. Hearne declared a disaster due to flooding on March 15.  Ambassador Hearne declared a second disaster on March 19 due to the impact of Tropical Cyclone Idai in Mozambique.

On April 25, Tropical Cyclone Kenneth made landfall over Mozambique’s Quissanga District, Cabo Delgado Province, with winds estimated at 140 miles per hour. The cyclone caused at least 45 deaths and approximately 94 injuries, according to the GRM. The storm damaged or destroyed nearly 44,900 houses, 480 classrooms, and 19 health facilities. On April 26, U.S. Ambassador to Mozambique Dennis W. Hearne declared a disaster due to the effects of Tropical Cyclone Kenneth in Mozambique. USG assistance in Mozambique supports partner organizations to implement critical agriculture and food security, health, nutrition, shelter, and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) activities.

As a result of the combined humanitarian impacts of drought, flooding, and tropical cyclones Idai and Kenneth in Mozambique during 2019, humanitarian agencies launched a revised Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) on September 9.  The appeal requests an additional $398 million to support affected populations to respond to ongoing humanitarian needs across the country through May 2020. The HRP aims to reach 2 million people who require life-saving food assistance, health care services, and shelter support. 

Additionally, USAID responded to the effects of Cyclone Idai in Malawi and Zimbabwe, as well as Cyclone Kenneth in Comoros. Please visit our webpage for additional information.   


Mozambique experiences recurrent droughts, floods, and tropical storms. USAID/OFDA responds to the humanitarian needs of populations affected by disasters, while continuing to support disaster risk reduction (DRR) programs that build the capacity of communities to respond to future shocks. Examples of USAID/OFDA DRR activities include promoting conservation agricultural practices and establishing disaster management committees.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: November 25, 2019

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