Latest Mozambique Fact Sheet

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Beginning in October 2015, below-average rainfall—likely exacerbated by the 2015/2016 El Niño climatic event—caused drought conditions in Mozambique in the central and southern provinces of Gaza, Inhambane, Maputo, Sofala, and Tete. The UN reported that an estimated 380,000 people were experiencing decreased access to food and safe drinking water, while the USAID-funded Famine Early Warning Systems Network reported that as many as 600,000 people may be food-insecure or in need of livelihoods assistance as of March 2016. The Government of the Republic of Mozambique (GoRM) coordinated response efforts and allocated more than $1.8 million to provide emergency food assistance and access to safe drinking water in Gaza and Maputo provinces. On February 11, the GoRM requested international assistance to provide access to safe drinking water, agricultural inputs, emergency food assistance, and nutrition support.

On February 29, 2016, U.S. Ambassador H. Dean Pittman declared a disaster due to the effects of the drought in Mozambique. In response, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) provided $50,000 through USAID/Mozambique to the International Organization for Migration to supply chlorine, safe drinking water, and water containers to affected populations in Maputo Province.

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA)  is responding to a regional drought in Southern Africa. Please visit our webpage for additional information.


Mozambique experiences recurrent droughts, floods, and tropical storms. In response to recent disasters in Mozambique, USAID/OFDA has provided agricultural supplies; shelter support; and emergency relief commodities, including blankets, kitchen sets, and water treatment materials. USAID/OFDA also focuses on disaster risk reduction programs that build the capacity of communities to respond to future shocks through activities such as promoting conservation agricultural practices and establishing disaster management committees.

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Last updated: April 27, 2016

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