With funding from USAID/OFDA, Near East Foundation (NEF) distributes cash vouchers to beneficiaries in Mopti Region
With funding from USAID/OFDA, Near East Foundation (NEF) distributes cash vouchers to beneficiaries in Mopti Region, central Mali, in July 2013.

Key Developments

Persistent insecurity—including attacks on civilians, humanitarian workers, and UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission to Mali peacekeeping troops—has limited humanitarian access and disrupted response efforts in recent months, according to the UN.

On April 17, the USG announced more than $29 million in Fiscal Year 2016 funding for humanitarian response efforts in Mali and neighboring countries hosting Malian refugees. Through USG assistance, UN agencies and humanitarian partners will support the food, education, health care, livelihoods, protection, and water, sanitation, and hygiene needs of vulnerable individuals affected by the crisis.


Since 2012, conflict in northern Mali has resulted in displacement, violence, and food insecurity. Improvements in the availability of food and basic services and security conditions in some parts of the country resulted in the return of approximately 468,000 displaced people to areas of origin; however, the UN reported that approximately 37,000 people remained internally displaced, while 134,800 Malians had fled to neighboring countries as of May 2016. Prolonged displacement, disrupted trade flows, and constrained humanitarian access continued to increase vulnerabilities among affected families, according to the UN.

On November 3, 2015, U.S. Ambassador Paul A. Folsmbee reissued a disaster declaration due to the ongoing complex emergency in Mali. In response, USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) supported food-insecure and vulnerable internally displaced persons (IDPs) and host families through projects that aimed to reactivate agricultural production, restore food security, and revitalize livelihood activities. In addition, USAID/OFDA improved access to emergency health care, protection services, safe drinking water, and sanitation infrastructure. USAID/OFDA also funded technical support and data collection on IDPs, returnees, and host communities to ensure effective, appropriate assistance.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: March 23, 2017

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