Mali

With funding from USAID/OFDA, Near East Foundation (NEF) distributes cash vouchers to beneficiaries in Mopti Region
With funding from USAID/OFDA, Near East Foundation (NEF) distributes cash vouchers to beneficiaries in Mopti Region, central Mali, in July 2013.
NEF

Latest Mali Fact Sheet

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Key Developments

In recent months, renewed insecurity and violence, as well as heavy rains and flooding during the June-to-October rainy season, have contributed to deteriorated humanitarian conditions in northern and central Mali, UN reports. Conflict has impeded the delivery of humanitarian assistance and threatened the safety of relief workers, prompting the UN to impose sanctions on individuals thwarting the 2015 peace agreement’s progress.

Insecurity has also negatively affected market activities and households’ purchasing power and access to food, according to the USAID-funded Famine Early Warning Systems Network. Nearly 4 million people experiencing moderate or severe food insecurity required food assistance during the June-to-August lean season—an increase of 805,000 people compared to 2016, according to the UN.

To date in FY 2017, the U.S. government has provided nearly $47.6 million to UN agencies and non-governmental organization partners responding to the humanitarian needs of populations affected by the ongoing complex emergency in Mali.

Background

Since 2012, conflict in northern Mali has resulted in displacement, violence, and food insecurity. Improvements in the availability of food and basic services and security conditions in some parts of the country resulted in the return of approximately 60,200 displaced people to areas of origin; however, the UN reported that approximately 55,400 people remained internally displaced, while 141,000 Malians had fled to neighboring countries as of July 2017. Prolonged displacement, disrupted trade flows, and constrained humanitarian access continued to increase vulnerabilities among affected families, according to the UN.

On October 13, 2016, U.S. Ambassador Paul A. Folsmbee reissued a disaster declaration due to the ongoing complex emergency in Mali. In response, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) supported food-insecure and vulnerable internally displaced persons and host community members through projects that aimed to reactivate agricultural production, restore food security, and revitalize livelihood activities. In addition, USAID/OFDA improved access to emergency health care, protection services, safe drinking water, and sanitation infrastructure. USAID/OFDA also funded technical support and data collection on internally displaced persons, returnees, and host communities to ensure effective, appropriate assistance.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: September 27, 2017

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