With funding from USAID/OFDA, Near East Foundation (NEF) distributes cash vouchers to beneficiaries in Mopti Region
With funding from USAID/OFDA, Near East Foundation (NEF) distributes cash vouchers to beneficiaries in Mopti Region, central Mali, in July 2013.

Latest Mali Fact Sheet

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Key Developments

In early 2019, the UN released the 2019 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) for Mali, which requests $296.5 million to meet the needs of approximately 2.3 million people. The HRP prioritizes addressing food security, nutrition, protection, and water, sanitation, and hygiene needs.

Approximately 554,000 people will require urgent food assistance from June–August, according to the March Cadre Harmonisé analysis. While this represents a 41 percent decrease since last year, ongoing conflict and resultant displacement continue to generate humanitarian needs. Meanwhile, the internally displaced person (IDP) population across Mali has more than doubled in the past year, growing from nearly 48,000 IDPs in January 2018 to nearly 124,000 IDPs in January 2019.

Humanitarian access remains a challenge in Mali, with relief actors reporting nearly 220 security incidents affecting humanitarian operations in 2018, compared to approximately 130 incidents in 2017.


Since 2012, conflict in northern Mali has resulted in displacement, violence, and food insecurity. Improvements in the availability of food and basic services and security conditions in some parts of the country resulted in the return of approximately 60,200 displaced people to areas of origin; however, the UN reported that approximately 55,400 people remained internally displaced, while 141,000 Malians had fled to neighboring countries as of July 2017. Prolonged displacement, disrupted trade flows, and constrained humanitarian access continued to increase vulnerabilities among affected families, according to the UN.

On October 13, 2016, U.S. Ambassador Paul A. Folsmbee reissued a disaster declaration due to the ongoing complex emergency in Mali. In response, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) supported food-insecure and vulnerable internally displaced persons and host community members through projects that aimed to reactivate agricultural production, restore food security, and revitalize livelihood activities. In addition, USAID/OFDA improved access to emergency health care, protection services, safe drinking water, and sanitation infrastructure. USAID/OFDA also funded technical support and data collection on internally displaced persons, returnees, and host communities to ensure effective, appropriate assistance.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: April 11, 2019

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