Mali

With funding from USAID/OFDA, Near East Foundation (NEF) distributes cash vouchers to beneficiaries in Mopti Region
With funding from USAID/OFDA, Near East Foundation (NEF) distributes cash vouchers to beneficiaries in Mopti Region, central Mali, in July 2013.
NEF

Latest Mali Fact Sheet

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Key Developments

The number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) across Mali more than doubled from approximately 77,000 IDPs as of September 2018 to more than 187,000 IDPs as of September 2019, as persistent insecurity and increasing intercommunal conflict forced people to flee, according to the Government of Mali. Meanwhile, flooding triggered by heavy June-to-October rains has affected approximately 78,000 people, including IDPs and other conflict-affected populations.

Food security actors caution that the increasing displacement and flooding could heighten food needs among vulnerable households. Conflict has already contributed to acute food insecurity, as affected populations have limited access to resources to meet basic needs.

The U.S. Government continues to assist vulnerable populations in Mali and Malian refugees in the region, providing more than $88.6 million in FY 2019 to support agriculture and food assistance, coordination and logistics, health care services, nutrition interventions, shelter supplies, and water, sanitation, and hygiene programming.

Background

Since 2012, conflict in northern Mali has resulted in displacement, violence, and food insecurity. Improvements in the availability of food and basic services and security conditions in some parts of the country resulted in the return of approximately 60,200 displaced people to areas of origin; however, the UN reported that approximately 55,400 people remained internally displaced, while 141,000 Malians had fled to neighboring countries as of July 2017. Prolonged displacement, disrupted trade flows, and constrained humanitarian access continued to increase vulnerabilities among affected families, according to the UN.

On October 13, 2016, U.S. Ambassador Paul A. Folsmbee reissued a disaster declaration due to the ongoing complex emergency in Mali. In response, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) supported food-insecure and vulnerable internally displaced persons and host community members through projects that aimed to reactivate agricultural production, restore food security, and revitalize livelihood activities. In addition, USAID/OFDA improved access to emergency health care, protection services, safe drinking water, and sanitation infrastructure. USAID/OFDA also funded technical support and data collection on internally displaced persons, returnees, and host communities to ensure effective, appropriate assistance.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: November 13, 2019

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