Madagascar Floods
In 2015, Madagascar faced its worst rainy season since 1959. USAID, with our partner CARE Madagascar, provides emergency shelter supplies.

Latest Southern Africa Fact Sheet

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Key Developments

USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) is responding to disasters in Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, and Zimbabwe.

The majority of households in Madagascar will likely experience Minimal—IPC 1—levels of food insecurity through January 2018, according to the USAID-funded Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET). Rainfall deficits, delayed planting, and below-average agricultural production, however, will likely contribute to Crisis—IPC 3—levels of acute food insecurity for vulnerable households in southern and southeastern Madagascar between October and January 2018. FEWS NET projects that approximately 500,000 people could experience Crisis levels of food insecurity from October–December, with additional households deteriorating to Crisis levels during the peak of the lean season between January and March.

Health officials recorded approximately 70 cases of pneumonic plague and 58 cases of bubonic plague, as well as 17 related deaths, in Madagascar between August 23 and September 30, according to the UN World Health Organization. USAID Global Health and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention are leading the U.S. Government response to the plague outbreak and are coordinating with Government of Madagascar health officials to provide technical assistance as needed.

In FY 2017, USAID/OFDA contributed a total of more than $6.3 million for drought-related assistance and approximately $1.1 million for cyclone-related assistance to support agriculture and food security, economic recovery and market systems, nutrition, shelter, and WASH interventions for vulnerable populations in Madagascar.

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA)  is responding to a regional drought in Southern Africa. Please visit our webpage for additional information.


Madagascar experiences a variety of natural hazards, including tropical cyclones, drought, flooding and recurrent locust infestations. These multiple intersecting hazards can exacerbate food insecurity, and leave communities with insufficient resources to cope with shocks. USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance’s response strategy in Madagascar focuses on addressing urgent humanitarian needs while investing in disaster risk reduction programs that strengthen the ability of communities to prepare for and mitigate the effects of disasters. Activities have included supporting conservation agriculture, locust control efforts, and helping flood-affected communities adapt to decrease their vulnerability to flooding.

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Success Story:  Pre-positioned Plastic Sheeting Hastens Recovery in Madagascar (03/2012)  

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Last updated: October 20, 2017

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