Madagascar Floods
In 2015, Madagascar faced its worst rainy season since 1959. USAID, with our partner CARE Madagascar, provides emergency shelter supplies.

Latest Southern Africa Fact Sheet

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Key Developments

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance USAID/OFDA) is responding to a regional drought in Southern Africa, including in Angola, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Swaziland, and Zimbabwe.

Due to significantly below-average rainfall and poor crop growth in southeastern Madagascar, the USAID-funded Famine Early Warnings System Network predicts that the lean season—typically lasting from January through March—could continue through June. Populations in these areas will likely experience Stressed levels of food insecurity, while households in other areas of Madagascar will face Minimal levels.

USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) continues to support the UN World Food Program (WFP) to respond to urgent needs in Madagascar. In April, USAID/FFP provided cash resources to move 310 metric tons (MT) of emergency food assistance commodities to populations affected by Tropical Cyclone Enawo. To date in FY 2017, USAID/FFP has provided cash assistance and more than 6,400 MT of in-kind food commodities—valued at approximately $8 million—to support WFP’s emergency food assistance activities in Madagascar.

USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) recently committed a total of more than $1 million to Medair and the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) to assist cyclone-affected populations in northern Madagascar. With $500,000 from USAID/OFDA, Medair is restoring access to safe drinking water for approximately 32,000 people in nine communes in Analanjirofo Region’s Maroantsetra District, and targeting approximately 50,000 people with messaging on disaster risk management to lessen exposure to future disasters. Additionally, USAID/OFDA has provided more than $500,000 to UNICEF to improve water, sanitation, and hygiene conditions for approximately 40,000 people in Alaotra- Mangoro, Analanjirofo, Atsinanana, and Sofia regions through rehabilitation of damaged water points, latrines, and sanitation infrastructure, and distribution of chlorination tablets and soap to health centers, households, and schools in cyclone-affected areas.

USAID/OFDA also recently provided nearly $1.9 million to CARE in Mozambique to support agriculture, food security, and protection activities targeting drought-affected communities in Inhambane, Tete, and Zambezia provinces.

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA)  is responding to a regional drought in Southern Africa. Please visit our webpage for additional information.


Madagascar experiences a variety of natural hazards, including tropical cyclones, drought, flooding and recurrent locust infestations. These multiple intersecting hazards can exacerbate food insecurity, and leave communities with insufficient resources to cope with shocks. USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance’s response strategy in Madagascar focuses on addressing urgent humanitarian needs while investing in disaster risk reduction programs that strengthen the ability of communities to prepare for and mitigate the effects of disasters. Activities have included supporting conservation agriculture, locust control efforts, and helping flood-affected communities adapt to decrease their vulnerability to flooding.

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Last updated: June 07, 2017

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