Madagascar Floods
In 2015, Madagascar faced its worst rainy season since 1959. USAID, with our partner CARE Madagascar, provides emergency shelter supplies.

Latest Southern Africa Fact Sheet

view text version [pdf, 404kb]

Key Developments

In June, the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and partner organizations conducted the fourth round of malnutrition screening for 300,000 children younger than five years of age in Madagascar, reaching approximately 95 percent of children younger than five years of age in eight acutely drought-affected districts. The screening identified 57,000 children with acute malnutrition, including 10,000 children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM). Although global acute malnutrition (GAM) prevalence decreased in five of the eight districts since the February screening, three districts experienced an increase in GAM prevalence. Since 2015, UNICEF has supported SAM treatment for more than 16,500 children in Madagascar, including more than 8,000 children with SAM treated in 2016.

UNICEF has increased access to safe drinking water for drought-affected populations by rehabilitating 550 water points, constructing more than 100 boreholes, and supporting regular water-trucking activities that benefit more than 9,300 people in Madagascar. To date in FY 2016, USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance has provided nearly $1.1 million to UNICEF to implement nutrition and water, sanitation, and hygiene programs in Madagascar.

USAID's Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) has provided approximately $13.5 million of U.S. in-kind and locally and regionally procured food assistance to the UN World Food Program for drought response activities in the Androy, Anosy, and Atsimo-Andrefana regions of southern Madagascar. USAID/FFP is supporting general food distributions, food-for-assets activities, supplementary feeding for children and pregnant and lactating women, seasonal livelihoods programs, and treatment of moderate acute malnutrition.

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA)  is responding to a regional drought in Southern Africa. Please visit our webpage for additional information.


Madagascar experiences a variety of natural hazards, including tropical cyclones, drought, flooding and recurrent locust infestations. These multiple intersecting hazards can exacerbate food insecurity, and leave communities with insufficient resources to cope with shocks. USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance’s response strategy in Madagascar focuses on addressing urgent humanitarian needs while investing in disaster risk reduction programs that strengthen the ability of communities to prepare for and mitigate the effects of disasters. Activities have included supporting conservation agriculture, locust control efforts, and helping flood-affected communities adapt to decrease their vulnerability to flooding.

Most Recent Information Product(s)

Success Story:  Pre-positioned Plastic Sheeting Hastens Recovery in Madagascar (03/2012)  

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: August 26, 2016

Share This Page