Libya

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Latest Libya Fact Sheet

 

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Key Developments

Ongoing hostilities in Libya’s capital city of Tripoli have resulted in 167 civilian casualties and displaced approximately 94,000 people in and around the city between April 3 and June 10, according to the UN.

Fighting in eastern Libya’s Darnah District subsided in March, enabling the majority of internally displaced persons (IDPs) to return to areas of origin in the district. Hostilities in the district, which lasted from May 2018–February 2019, displaced more than 35,000 people, according to the International Organization for Migration.

As of June 10, an estimated 3,700 refugees and migrants were held in detention centers in close proximity to front lines in Tripoli, the UN reports. Humanitarian actors report that migrants at the facilities require urgent food, health, protection, and water assistance.

In November 2018, the UN released the 2019 Libya Humanitarian Needs Overview, which estimates that 823,000 people in Libya—including conflict-affected persons, IDPs, returnees, and host community members, as well as refugees and migrants—may require humanitarian assistance in 2019. On February 5, the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs launched the 2019 Libya Humanitarian Response Plan, requesting $202 million to provide access to critical services—such as education, health care, protection, and water, sanitation, and hygiene—and basic commodities, including food, relief supplies, and safe drinking water, to the 552,000 people targeted for assistance.

Background

Since 2011, escalating armed conflict, civil unrest, and political instability in Libya have adversely affected an estimated 2.4 million people—approximately 40 percent of the population—and internally displaced more than 484,000 people. An estimated 47 percent of displaced persons have since returned to areas of origin. Conflict and poor economic conditions continue to drive displacement and humanitarian need, while Libya’s public infrastructure has sustained substantial damage and the country’s economy has collapsed, leading to shortages of basic household goods. Health services, in particular, have been adversely affected, with a substantial proportion of health facilities only partially operational or closed. Although local and international humanitarian stakeholders continue to implement emergency relief operations, humanitarian access is limited in many areas due to conflict. Given these conditions, hundreds of thousands of Libyan civilians do not have access to basic services, including life-saving health care, food, safe drinking water, and shelter. On November 16, 2016, U.S. Ambassador Peter W. Bodde issued a disaster declaration for Libya due to the effects of the ongoing complex emergency and lack of local capacity to effectively address the humanitarian needs of vulnerable populations affected by conflict.

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Last updated: June 17, 2019

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