Crises and Conflict - Kenya
A young girl waits for a chance to fill her jerrycan in a village in Kenya where USAID is working to help respond to drought and food insecurity.
Rob Friedman/USAID

Latest Horn of Africa Fact Sheet

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Key Developments

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) is responding to the complex emergency in the Horn of Africa region, including in EthiopiaKenya, and Somalia.

In Fiscal Years 2016 and 2017, USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) responded to the complex emergency in the Horn of Africa region, including in Ethiopia, Kenya, and Somalia.

The August and October 2017 presidential elections in Kenya resulted in civil unrest that led to nearly 55 deaths and at least 150 injuries, according to the Kenya National Commission on Human Rights. Prior to the elections, USAID partners had pre-positioned emergency relief commodities—including food, shelter items, and other supplies—to assist people affected by election-related unrest, as needed. In FY 2017, USAID/OFDA provided more than $500,000 to the Kenya Red Cross Society to pre-position emergency relief commodities and shelter materials in strategic locations throughout Kenya.

USAID/OFDA also supported World Vision to co-lead elections preparedness and response mechanisms equipped to address needs related to possible election-related displacement in Nairobi, Kisumu, Eldoret, Nakuru, Mombasa, and Isiolo/Marsabit counties.

Between August and December 2017, approximately 3.4 million people experienced food insecurity, the UN reports. The key drivers of food insecurity in Kenya include consecutive below-average rainy seasons, high food prices, inadequate pasture, atypical livestock migration, and low agricultural productivity, among other factors.

Please visit our Horn of Africa web page for additional information.


In Kenya, drought conditions have exacerbated chronic stressors, including food insecurity and malnutrition. Through ongoing programs, USAID/OFDA and USAID/FFP are supporting efforts to strengthen health and nutrition systems in drought-affected areas in coordination with USAID/Kenya resilience initiatives to mitigate the effects of recurrent natural hazards. In addition, vulnerable populations across Kenya continue to confront several other challenges—including seasonal flooding, localized intercommunal conflict, disease outbreaks, and limited access to health and water, sanitation, and hygiene services—that contribute to sustained humanitarian needs in Kenya.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: January 18, 2018

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