A woman in Kenya’s Isiolo Region leads her camels to water at a well rehabilitated and improved with USAID/OFDA support.
A woman in Kenya’s Isiolo Region leads her camels to water at a well rehabilitated and improved with USAID/OFDA support.
Laura Meissner/USAID

Latest Horn of Africa Fact Sheet

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Key Developments

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) is responding to the complex emergency in the Horn of Africa region, including in EthiopiaKenya, and Somalia.

Below-average rainfall, significantly reduced agricultural harvests, and overall limited access to food are exacerbating food insecurity, adversely affecting access to water and pasture for livestock, and generating significant needs in drought-affected areas in the Horn of Africa region, particularly in Ethiopia, Kenya, and Somalia. Current trends are expected to continue through mid-2017. Government stakeholders and relief agencies are assessing humanitarian conditions and responding to urgent needs across the region.

The USAID-funded Famine Early Warning Systems Network and the Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit for Somalia estimate that more than 2.9 million people across Somalia face Crisis—IPC 3—or Emergency—IPC 4—levels of acute food insecurity through June, bringing the total acutely food-insecure population in the country to 6.2 million people. Somalia is experiencing an increasingly severe drought and related impacts on water availability, food accessibility, nutrition, and agricultural, pastoral, and agro-pastoral livelihoods. The likelihood of famine is expected to increase in the coming months if the April-to-June gu rains are below average, purchasing power continues to decline, and humanitarian actors are unable to reach populations in need.

In FY 2016, the U.S. Government (USG) contributed nearly $855 million to support relief interventions in the Horn of Africa. To date in FY 2017, USAID's Office of Food for Peace has provided an estimated $171 million of food assistance for drought-affected and foodinsecure people in Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, and Somalia. USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance has committed nearly $8.7 million in FY 2017 to address immediate agriculture, food security, health, nutrition, and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) needs in Ethiopia. U.S. Department of State's Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration has contributed $2.3 million to the International Organization for Migration revised regional appeal for the Yemen response in Ethiopia and Djibouti.

Please visit our Horn of Africa web page for additional information.


Although cyclical drought has affected Kenya for years, droughts are becoming increasingly frequent. Following unfavorable rainfall in late 2010 and early 2011, severe drought conditions resulted in sharply deteriorating food security conditions among pastoralists in northern Kenya and populations in rain-dependent marginal agricultural areas. Affected populations experienced loss of livelihoods, lack of food and agricultural resources, and limited access to safe drinking water.

Vulnerable populations across Kenya continue to confront several other challenges—including seasonal flooding, localized inter-communal conflict, above-average food prices, disease outbreaks, and limited access to health and WASH services—that contribute to sustained humanitarian needs in Kenya.

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Last updated: February 09, 2017

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