Iraq

Iraq - UNICEF
Fatima, 10, washes her face at a water tank provided by UNICEF in Tinah Camp on September 5, 2016. USAID has been supporting UNICEF to provide safe drinking water at the displacement camp in Ninewa Governorate to keep families, especially kids, healthy.
UNICEF/Anmar

Key Developments

In May, the Government of Iraq (GoI) intensified efforts to retake western areas of Ninewa Governorate’s city of Mosul from the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), commencing military operations to retake western Mosul’s Old City area on May 27. The UN estimates as many as 118,000 people remain in the Old City, although population estimates vary widely. In recent weeks, the GoI disbursed leaflets over the Old City, encouraging civilians to evacuate from ISIS-held areas. In response to anticipated population outflows, humanitarian organizations scaled up relief efforts; however, limited numbers of civilians have departed the Old City to date due to insecurity, the UN reports.

Since the commencement of the Mosul offensive in mid-October 2016, military operations have displaced nearly 531,000 people from Mosul to areas throughout Iraq, according to U.S. government (USG) partner the International Organization for Migration. As of June 8, approximately 144,000 displaced persons from Mosul had returned to places of origin, while more than 386,000 people remained displaced. Shelter space was available for an additional 105,000 people in 12 internally displaced person (IDP) camps and emergency sites, while seven sites had reached capacity, according to the Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) Cluster—the coordinating body for humanitarian CCCM activities, comprising UN agencies, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and other stakeholders. The GoI and relief actors were also expanding existing sites and constructing new IDP camps to accommodate an additional 105,000 people as of June 8.

Humanitarian organizations, including USG partners, continue to prepare for additional displacements from western Mosul, while concurrently providing multi-sector humanitarian assistance to populations affected by the ongoing military operations. In late May, relief agencies scaled up water trucking services in eastern and western Mosul neighborhoods from approximately 4.5 million liters per day to 6.4 million liters per day.

HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO IRAQ TO DATE FROM FY 2014–2017*

USAID/OFDA

$316,564,837

USAID/FFP

$138,643,516

State/PRM

$782,953,082

DoD

$77,357,233

Total U.S. Government (USG) Assistance to the Iraq Humanitarian Response

$1,315,518,668

*These figures are current as of June 9, 2017

Background

Since June 10, the armed group Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) has seized control of several cities in central and northern Iraq, including Mosul—Iraq’s second largest city and home to 2 million people—and Tikrit. The ongoing fighting has prompted thousands of civilians to flee their homes; as of mid-June, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and U.N. reported that approximately 500,000 people fled the violence in Mosul, including approximately 300,000 people who fled to the disputed Iraq’s Kurdistan Region. While the majority of internally displaced persons (IDPs) are staying with host families or have found private accommodations, an increasing number of IDPs are sheltering in camps, open spaces, or empty buildings. Emergency needs among displaced families include shelter, food, fuel, medical services, and access to safe drinking water and sanitation facilities, according to assessments by IOM and local Iraqi Red Crescent Society. Where security permits access, relief agencies are providing emergency assistance and conducting rapid needs assessments; however, the volume of needs, exacerbated by prolonged acute conflict and continued population displacement, merit additional humanitarian resources. The Government of Iraq and the Kurdistan Regional Government have requested assistance to respond to the increasing humanitarian needs.

On June 19, U.S. Ambassador Robert Stephen Beecroft declared a disaster due to the humanitarian consequences of insecurity in Iraq. In response, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) plans to provide $1 million to the U.N. Children’s Fund (UNICEF) to support IDPs in Iraq’s Kurdistan Region by distributing emergency relief items, establishing child protection activities, and providing water, sanitation, and hygiene assistance. USAID/OFDA staff members in the city of Erbil, Iraq; Budapest, Hungary; and Washington, D.C., continue to monitor humanitarian conditions in coordination with relief agencies in Iraq.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: June 12, 2017

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