Iraq

proximately 15 metric tons of USAID A-29 meal replacement bars already in country, which can meet the daily caloric requirements
On August 4, USAID authorized the UN World Food Program (WFP) to utilize for the Iraq Emergency Operation approximately 15 metric tons of USAID A-29 meal replacement bars already in country, which can meet the daily caloric requirements of 31,000 people.

Key Developments

In recent months, Iraqi Security Forces (ISF) have intensified efforts to retake areas of Iraq held by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), particularly in Anbar, Ninewa, and Salah ad Din. On June 26, Government of Iraq (GoI) officials announced the full recapture of Anbar’s city of Fallujah from ISIL. The ISF-led military offensives on Fallujah and surrounding areas displaced approximately 85,000 people between May 23 and June 20, according to the International Organization for Migration (IOM).

Since the recovery of Fallujah, continuing ISF-led offensives have displaced tens of thousands from conflict-affected areas. As of mid-July, military operations in Anbar’s Jazerat al Khalidiya area had displaced more than 2,600 people since July 1, while offensives in northern Salah ad Din’s Al Shirqat and Bayji districts had displaced more than 25,000 people since mid-June, according to IOM. In addition, nearly 6,000 individuals fleeing persistent fighting in Ninewa arrived at Erbil Governorate’s Debaga IDP camp in the first 10 days of July, exacerbating overcrowded conditions at the camp. As military operations to combat ISIL continue over the coming months, the number of internally displaced persons is expected to increase substantially.

On July 20, U.S. Secretary of State John F. Kerry announced more than $136 million in additional U.S. Government (USG) humanitarian funding to assist people affected by the crisis in Iraq. The new funding supports UN agencies and international nongovernmental organizations to provide life-saving assistance, including emergency food aid, safe drinking water, shelter interventions, health care, humanitarian protection activities, and sanitation services, to approximately 3.4 million people displaced inside Iraq and 230,000 Iraqi refugees in neighboring countries, despite ongoing security and logistical challenges. The USG’s support also enables humanitarian partners to prepare for and respond to the needs of those who will become displaced as a result of the continuing ISF-led military campaigns against ISIL.

HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO IRAQ TO DATE FROM FY 2014–2016*

USAID/OFDA

$143,943,955

USAID/FFP

$88,643,516

State/PRM

$604,646,393

DoD

$77,357,233

Total U.S. Government (USG) Assistance to the Iraq Humanitarian Response

$914,582,097

*These figures are current as of July 20, 2016

Background

Since June 10, the armed group Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) has seized control of several cities in central and northern Iraq, including Mosul—Iraq’s second largest city and home to 2 million people—and Tikrit. The ongoing fighting has prompted thousands of civilians to flee their homes; as of mid-June, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and U.N. reported that approximately 500,000 people fled the violence in Mosul, including approximately 300,000 people who fled to the disputed Iraq’s Kurdistan Region. While the majority of internally displaced persons (IDPs) are staying with host families or have found private accommodations, an increasing number of IDPs are sheltering in camps, open spaces, or empty buildings. Emergency needs among displaced families include shelter, food, fuel, medical services, and access to safe drinking water and sanitation facilities, according to assessments by IOM and local Iraqi Red Crescent Society. Where security permits access, relief agencies are providing emergency assistance and conducting rapid needs assessments; however, the volume of needs, exacerbated by prolonged acute conflict and continued population displacement, merit additional humanitarian resources. The Government of Iraq and the Kurdistan Regional Government have requested assistance to respond to the increasing humanitarian needs.

On June 19, U.S. Ambassador Robert Stephen Beecroft declared a disaster due to the humanitarian consequences of insecurity in Iraq. In response, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) plans to provide $1 million to the U.N. Children’s Fund (UNICEF) to support IDPs in Iraq’s Kurdistan Region by distributing emergency relief items, establishing child protection activities, and providing water, sanitation, and hygiene assistance. USAID/OFDA staff members in the city of Erbil, Iraq; Budapest, Hungary; and Washington, D.C., continue to monitor humanitarian conditions in coordination with relief agencies in Iraq.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: July 21, 2016

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