Iraq

proximately 15 metric tons of USAID A-29 meal replacement bars already in country, which can meet the daily caloric requirements
On August 4, USAID authorized the UN World Food Program (WFP) to utilize for the Iraq Emergency Operation approximately 15 metric tons of USAID A-29 meal replacement bars already in country, which can meet the daily caloric requirements of 31,000 people.

Key Developments

On April 8, U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry announced nearly $155 million in additional humanitarian funding from USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance, USAID's Office of Food for Peace, and U.S. State Department's Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration to assist people affected by the Iraq complex emergency. The new USG funding will support UN agencies and international non-governmental organizations to provide life-saving assistance, including emergency food, shelter, safe drinking water, and protection and health care services, to approximately 3.4 million people displaced inside Iraq and nearly 222,000 Iraqi refugees in neighboring countries. The new funding also includes assistance for early warning and preparedness activities for people at risk of severe flooding from a potential failure of the Mosul Dam.

On April 9, the UN released a statement highlighting the deteriorating humanitarian conditions in Anbar Governorate’s city of Fallujah, which has been under Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) control since 2014. As a result of the three-month siege and ISIL-related security concerns, the city remains inaccessible to civilian, commercial, and humanitarian transport and civilians are facing widespread food and medicine shortages. The UN is pre-positioning emergency food and other relief supplies for up to 60,000 people and expanding assistance in accessible areas where people may flee.

Thousands of internally displaced persons are returning to areas of origin in Anbar following the recapture of key Anbar cities, including Ar Ramadi and Hit, from ISIL by Iraq Security Forces between late December and early April.

Relief agencies—including USG partners—have provided newly displaced households in Anbar with emergency food, health services, shelter, safe drinking water, and water, sanitation, and hygiene supplies, as well as at least 11,300 USG-funded Rapid Response Mechanism kits, which provide a family of seven with hygiene supplies and sufficient food and safe drinking water for one week.

HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO IRAQ TO DATE FROM FY 2014–2016*

USAID/OFDA

$97,098,971

USAID/FFP

$88,643,516

State/PRM

$515,196,393

DoD

$77,357,233

Total U.S. Government (USG) Assistance to the Iraq Humanitarian Response

$778,296,113

*These figures are current as of April 11, 2016

Background

Since June 10, the armed group Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) has seized control of several cities in central and northern Iraq, including Mosul—Iraq’s second largest city and home to 2 million people—and Tikrit. The ongoing fighting has prompted thousands of civilians to flee their homes; as of mid-June, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and U.N. reported that approximately 500,000 people fled the violence in Mosul, including approximately 300,000 people who fled to the disputed Iraq’s Kurdistan Region. While the majority of internally displaced persons (IDPs) are staying with host families or have found private accommodations, an increasing number of IDPs are sheltering in camps, open spaces, or empty buildings. Emergency needs among displaced families include shelter, food, fuel, medical services, and access to safe drinking water and sanitation facilities, according to assessments by IOM and local Iraqi Red Crescent Society. Where security permits access, relief agencies are providing emergency assistance and conducting rapid needs assessments; however, the volume of needs, exacerbated by prolonged acute conflict and continued population displacement, merit additional humanitarian resources. The Government of Iraq and the Kurdistan Regional Government have requested assistance to respond to the increasing humanitarian needs.

On June 19, U.S. Ambassador Robert Stephen Beecroft declared a disaster due to the humanitarian consequences of insecurity in Iraq. In response, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) plans to provide $1 million to the U.N. Children’s Fund (UNICEF) to support IDPs in Iraq’s Kurdistan Region by distributing emergency relief items, establishing child protection activities, and providing water, sanitation, and hygiene assistance. USAID/OFDA staff members in the city of Erbil, Iraq; Budapest, Hungary; and Washington, D.C., continue to monitor humanitarian conditions in coordination with relief agencies in Iraq.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: April 20, 2016

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