Iraq

proximately 15 metric tons of USAID A-29 meal replacement bars already in country, which can meet the daily caloric requirements
On August 4, USAID authorized the UN World Food Program (WFP) to utilize for the Iraq Emergency Operation approximately 15 metric tons of USAID A-29 meal replacement bars already in country, which can meet the daily caloric requirements of 31,000 people.


Key Developments

At the Gulf Cooperation Council Summit in Qatar on August 3, U.S. Secretary of State John F. Kerry announced nearly $62 million in additional U.S. government (USG) humanitarian funding to assist conflict-affected Iraqis. The additional funding brings the USG’s total humanitarian assistance to Iraqis in the region to more than $477 million since the start of FY 2014. The newly announced funding will support the International Organization for Migration, the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the UN Population Fund, and other international and nongovernmental organizations to provide emergency relief commodities, medical care, protection activities, and other humanitarian aid to vulnerable civilians inside Iraq and Iraqi refugees in the region. The USG funding will also offer assistance to host communities throughout the region, which are coping with the strain of accommodating displaced populations.

In late July, the UN reported that funding shortages had resulted in the suspension of more than 180 frontline health programs across Iraq, underscoring that 80 percent of humanitarian health programs are now closed, directly impacting 1 million people. The UN also reported the suspension of approximately 30 percent of water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) programming in Iraq due to funding shortfalls, which affects approximately 1.8 million people. To date, the 2015 Iraq humanitarian response plan, an appeal released in early June that outlines priority assistance needs in Iraq between July and December 2015, has received only 20 percent of nearly $498 million in funding requirements.

HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO IRAQ TO DATE IN FY 2014 AND FY 2015*

USAID/OFDA

$60,425,951

USAID/FFP

$25,143,516

State/PRM

$384,695,489

DoD

$7,500,000

Total U.S. Government (USG) Assistance to the Iraq Humanitarian Response

$477,764,956

*These figures are current as of August 4, 2015

Background

Since June 10, the armed group Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) has seized control of several cities in central and northern Iraq, including Mosul—Iraq’s second largest city and home to 2 million people—and Tikrit. The ongoing fighting has prompted thousands of civilians to flee their homes; as of mid-June, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and U.N. reported that approximately 500,000 people fled the violence in Mosul, including approximately 300,000 people who fled to the disputed Iraq’s Kurdistan Region. While the majority of internally displaced persons (IDPs) are staying with host families or have found private accommodations, an increasing number of IDPs are sheltering in camps, open spaces, or empty buildings. Emergency needs among displaced families include shelter, food, fuel, medical services, and access to safe drinking water and sanitation facilities, according to assessments by IOM and local Iraqi Red Crescent Society. Where security permits access, relief agencies are providing emergency assistance and conducting rapid needs assessments; however, the volume of needs, exacerbated by prolonged acute conflict and continued population displacement, merit additional humanitarian resources. The Government of Iraq and the Kurdistan Regional Government have requested assistance to respond to the increasing humanitarian needs.

On June 19, U.S. Ambassador Robert Stephen Beecroft declared a disaster due to the humanitarian consequences of insecurity in Iraq. In response, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) plans to provide $1 million to the U.N. Children’s Fund (UNICEF) to support IDPs in Iraq’s Kurdistan Region by distributing emergency relief items, establishing child protection activities, and providing water, sanitation, and hygiene assistance. USAID/OFDA staff members in the city of Erbil, Iraq; Budapest, Hungary; and Washington, D.C., continue to monitor humanitarian conditions in coordination with relief agencies in Iraq.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: August 05, 2015

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