Iraq

Iraq - UNICEF
Fatima, 10, washes her face at a water tank provided by UNICEF in Tinah Camp on September 5, 2016. USAID has been supporting UNICEF to provide safe drinking water at the displacement camp in Ninewa Governorate to keep families, especially kids, healthy.
UNICEF/Anmar

Key Developments

Sporadic clashes between Iraqi Security Forces and Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) elements continue in the Old City area of Ninewa Governorate’s city of Mosul after the Government of Iraq (GoI) seized control of the city from ISIS on July 10. While the unpredictable security situation has hindered some returns, a total of 243,800 internally displaced persons (IDPs) had returned to areas of origin in Mosul as of August 8, according to U.S. government (USG) partner the International Organization for Migration. As of August 8, approximately 839,500 people remained displaced as a result of GoI-led military operations to retake Mosul.

Widespread reports of collective punishment against displaced households suspected of affiliation with ISIS, including retribution, forced relocation, detention, and barring of IDPs from certain sites by camp management authorities, are raising significant protection concerns within the international humanitarian community.

Recent improvements to the water supply infrastructure in eastern Mosul have enabled relief agencies to reduce the amount of safe drinking water delivered to eastern neighborhoods from 3 million liters of water per day to approximately 500,000 liters per day, while still meeting the water needs of residents.

On August 4, the third anniversary of the ISIS attack on the Sinjar region of Ninewa, UN Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Sexual Violence in Conflict Pramila Patten issued a statement condemning the use of sexual violence as a tactic of war, particularly the widespread and systematic campaign of sexual violence imposed by ISIS against Yezidi women and other minority groups in Iraq.

HUMANITARIAN FUNDING FOR THE IRAQ RESPONSE IN FY 2017*

USAID/OFDA

$142,490,021

USAID/FFP

$68,400,000

State/PRM

$106,650,000

Total USAID and State Assistance to the Iraq Humanitarian Response in FY 2017

$317,540,021

*These figures are current as of August 11, 2017

Background

Since June 10, the armed group Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) has seized control of several cities in central and northern Iraq, including Mosul—Iraq’s second largest city and home to 2 million people—and Tikrit. The ongoing fighting has prompted thousands of civilians to flee their homes; as of mid-June, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and U.N. reported that approximately 500,000 people fled the violence in Mosul, including approximately 300,000 people who fled to the disputed Iraq’s Kurdistan Region. While the majority of internally displaced persons (IDPs) are staying with host families or have found private accommodations, an increasing number of IDPs are sheltering in camps, open spaces, or empty buildings. Emergency needs among displaced families include shelter, food, fuel, medical services, and access to safe drinking water and sanitation facilities, according to assessments by IOM and local Iraqi Red Crescent Society. Where security permits access, relief agencies are providing emergency assistance and conducting rapid needs assessments; however, the volume of needs, exacerbated by prolonged acute conflict and continued population displacement, merit additional humanitarian resources. The Government of Iraq and the Kurdistan Regional Government have requested assistance to respond to the increasing humanitarian needs.

On June 19, U.S. Ambassador Robert Stephen Beecroft declared a disaster due to the humanitarian consequences of insecurity in Iraq. In response, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) plans to provide $1 million to the U.N. Children’s Fund (UNICEF) to support IDPs in Iraq’s Kurdistan Region by distributing emergency relief items, establishing child protection activities, and providing water, sanitation, and hygiene assistance. USAID/OFDA staff members in the city of Erbil, Iraq; Budapest, Hungary; and Washington, D.C., continue to monitor humanitarian conditions in coordination with relief agencies in Iraq.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: August 15, 2017

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