Iraq

proximately 15 metric tons of USAID A-29 meal replacement bars already in country, which can meet the daily caloric requirements
On August 4, USAID authorized the UN World Food Program (WFP) to utilize for the Iraq Emergency Operation approximately 15 metric tons of USAID A-29 meal replacement bars already in country, which can meet the daily caloric requirements of 31,000 people.


Key Developments

The Iraq Cholera Task Force—led by the Government of Iraq (GoI)—released a situation report on the countrywide cholera outbreak on December 3 that affirmed a consistent downward trend in the number of confirmed cholera cases. Since the outbreak began in mid-September, the GoI and its humanitarian partners have coordinated outbreak control activities, including an oral cholera vaccination campaign.

The UN released its 2016 Global Humanitarian Overview, a consolidated funding appeal covering humanitarian crises worldwide, on December 7. The overview includes a request for $861 million to support the most critical humanitarian assistance for an estimated 7.3 million out of 11 million people in need in Iraq.

On December 1, with support from USAID's Office of Food for Peace, the UN World Food Program distributed emergency food assistance to nearly 70,000 people in the cities of Haditha and Al Baghdadi, Anbar Governorate, which have been under siege by Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant forces since March 2015. The siege has severely impaired access and exacerbated humanitarian needs in the two cities, according to relief agencies.

In recent months, the U.S. government (USG) has contributed nearly $70 million in additional humanitarian assistance for conflict-affected Iraqis. The support provides seasonally appropriate items, such as winter clothing for approximately 550,000 children, to help affected populations prepare for the winter months. The assistance also includes hygiene kits, water storage containers, and solar lights for displaced and other vulnerable populations in Iraq. In addition, ongoing USG funding continues to provide other critical, life-saving assistance to the nearly 3.2 million people displaced inside Iraq, as well as Iraqis who have fled to neighboring countries.

HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO IRAQ TO DATE IN FY 2014 AND FY 2015*

USAID/OFDA

$88,657,774

USAID/FFP

$27,643,516

State/PRM

$410,131,869

DoD

$77,357,233

Total U.S. Government (USG) Assistance to the Iraq Humanitarian Response

$603,790,392

*These figures are current as of December 14, 2015

Background

Since June 10, the armed group Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) has seized control of several cities in central and northern Iraq, including Mosul—Iraq’s second largest city and home to 2 million people—and Tikrit. The ongoing fighting has prompted thousands of civilians to flee their homes; as of mid-June, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and U.N. reported that approximately 500,000 people fled the violence in Mosul, including approximately 300,000 people who fled to the disputed Iraq’s Kurdistan Region. While the majority of internally displaced persons (IDPs) are staying with host families or have found private accommodations, an increasing number of IDPs are sheltering in camps, open spaces, or empty buildings. Emergency needs among displaced families include shelter, food, fuel, medical services, and access to safe drinking water and sanitation facilities, according to assessments by IOM and local Iraqi Red Crescent Society. Where security permits access, relief agencies are providing emergency assistance and conducting rapid needs assessments; however, the volume of needs, exacerbated by prolonged acute conflict and continued population displacement, merit additional humanitarian resources. The Government of Iraq and the Kurdistan Regional Government have requested assistance to respond to the increasing humanitarian needs.

On June 19, U.S. Ambassador Robert Stephen Beecroft declared a disaster due to the humanitarian consequences of insecurity in Iraq. In response, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) plans to provide $1 million to the U.N. Children’s Fund (UNICEF) to support IDPs in Iraq’s Kurdistan Region by distributing emergency relief items, establishing child protection activities, and providing water, sanitation, and hygiene assistance. USAID/OFDA staff members in the city of Erbil, Iraq; Budapest, Hungary; and Washington, D.C., continue to monitor humanitarian conditions in coordination with relief agencies in Iraq.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: December 23, 2015

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