Iraq

Iraq - UNICEF
Fatima, 10, washes her face at a water tank provided by UNICEF in Tinah Camp on September 5, 2016. USAID has been supporting UNICEF to provide safe drinking water at the displacement camp in Ninewa Governorate to keep families, especially kids, healthy.
UNICEF/Anmar

Key Developments

The U.S. Government (USG) provided an additional $198 million to address the needs of conflict-affected Iraqis, bringing total USG humanitarian assistance for the Iraq crisis to more than $1.3 billion since 2014. The new funding will support non-governmental organizations (NGOs), the UN, and other international organizations to provide critical, life-saving assistance to the more than 3.1 million people displaced inside Iraq, including those recently displaced from Ninewa Governorate’s city of Mosul and surrounding areas, as well as the approximately 251,000 Iraqi refugees in neighboring countries.

On March 28, the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs released the 2017 Iraq Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP), requesting $985 million to reach approximately 6.2 million highly vulnerable people in Iraq with multi-sector humanitarian assistance. Overall, the HRP and complementary Humanitarian Needs Overview, released on March 7, identified 11 million people in need of humanitarian assistance, including up to 4.2 million people who could be displaced by the end of 2017. The HRP also reports that as many as 3 million people are expected to require humanitarian assistance in Ninewa, where conflict-related displacement has increased in recent months due to the Mosul offensive.

On January 24, Government of Iraq Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi declared that Iraqi Security Forces (ISF) had regained control of eastern Mosul from the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria after three months of fighting. On February 19, ISF launched an offensive to regain control of ISIS-held western Mosul. More than 207,000 civilians had fled western Mosul as of March 29, according to U.S. Department of State's Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration partner the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees.

HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO IRAQ TO DATE FROM FY 2014–2016*

USAID/OFDA

$316,564,837

USAID/FFP

$138,643,516

State/PRM

$782,953,082

DoD

$77,357,233

Total U.S. Government (USG) Assistance to the Iraq Humanitarian Response

$1,315,518,668

*These figures are current as of March 31, 2017

Background

Since June 10, the armed group Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) has seized control of several cities in central and northern Iraq, including Mosul—Iraq’s second largest city and home to 2 million people—and Tikrit. The ongoing fighting has prompted thousands of civilians to flee their homes; as of mid-June, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and U.N. reported that approximately 500,000 people fled the violence in Mosul, including approximately 300,000 people who fled to the disputed Iraq’s Kurdistan Region. While the majority of internally displaced persons (IDPs) are staying with host families or have found private accommodations, an increasing number of IDPs are sheltering in camps, open spaces, or empty buildings. Emergency needs among displaced families include shelter, food, fuel, medical services, and access to safe drinking water and sanitation facilities, according to assessments by IOM and local Iraqi Red Crescent Society. Where security permits access, relief agencies are providing emergency assistance and conducting rapid needs assessments; however, the volume of needs, exacerbated by prolonged acute conflict and continued population displacement, merit additional humanitarian resources. The Government of Iraq and the Kurdistan Regional Government have requested assistance to respond to the increasing humanitarian needs.

On June 19, U.S. Ambassador Robert Stephen Beecroft declared a disaster due to the humanitarian consequences of insecurity in Iraq. In response, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) plans to provide $1 million to the U.N. Children’s Fund (UNICEF) to support IDPs in Iraq’s Kurdistan Region by distributing emergency relief items, establishing child protection activities, and providing water, sanitation, and hygiene assistance. USAID/OFDA staff members in the city of Erbil, Iraq; Budapest, Hungary; and Washington, D.C., continue to monitor humanitarian conditions in coordination with relief agencies in Iraq.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: April 19, 2017

Share This Page

@theOFDA