Iraq

Iraq - UNICEF
Fatima, 10, washes her face at a water tank provided by UNICEF in Tinah Camp on September 5, 2016. USAID has been supporting UNICEF to provide safe drinking water at the displacement camp in Ninewa Governorate to keep families, especially kids, healthy.
UNICEF/Anmar

Key Developments

On October 17, Iraqi Security Forces (ISF) and Kurdish Peshmerga forces launched a military offensive to recapture Ninewa Governorate’s city of Mosul from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). As of December 27, the military operations had displaced more than 115,200 people, according to the International Organization for Migration. The Government of Iraq (GoI), Iraqi civil society organizations, and international relief agencies, including U.S. Government partners, are working to meet the urgent humanitarian needs of civilians affected by the military campaign.

Access challenges for health care workers and shortages of medical facilities and trauma care supplies to treat the increasing number of civilians injured during the Mosul campaign continue to strain response efforts, according to the UN. Health actors estimate that more than 200,000 people will require access to emergency health care services during the coming weeks as humanitarian access to areas of Mosul increases. In response, USAID partner the UN World Health Organization (WHO) is establishing mobile trauma care hospitals and additional trauma stabilization posts. WHO is also coordinating with the GoI Ministry of Health to ensure that primary health care facilities are restored and Iraqi health care workers displaced by ISIL are able to return to work.

Populations displaced from Anbar Governorate’s Fallujah District began returning in September following the ISF recapture of the district in June, with more than 161,800 individuals returning to areas of origin as of mid-December.

HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO IRAQ TO DATE FROM FY 2014–2016*

USAID/OFDA

$249,943,703

USAID/FFP

$113,643,516

State/PRM

$676,303,082

DoD

$77,357,233

Total U.S. Government (USG) Assistance to the Iraq Humanitarian Response

$1,117,247,534

*These figures are current as of December 27, 2016

Background

Since June 10, the armed group Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) has seized control of several cities in central and northern Iraq, including Mosul—Iraq’s second largest city and home to 2 million people—and Tikrit. The ongoing fighting has prompted thousands of civilians to flee their homes; as of mid-June, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and U.N. reported that approximately 500,000 people fled the violence in Mosul, including approximately 300,000 people who fled to the disputed Iraq’s Kurdistan Region. While the majority of internally displaced persons (IDPs) are staying with host families or have found private accommodations, an increasing number of IDPs are sheltering in camps, open spaces, or empty buildings. Emergency needs among displaced families include shelter, food, fuel, medical services, and access to safe drinking water and sanitation facilities, according to assessments by IOM and local Iraqi Red Crescent Society. Where security permits access, relief agencies are providing emergency assistance and conducting rapid needs assessments; however, the volume of needs, exacerbated by prolonged acute conflict and continued population displacement, merit additional humanitarian resources. The Government of Iraq and the Kurdistan Regional Government have requested assistance to respond to the increasing humanitarian needs.

On June 19, U.S. Ambassador Robert Stephen Beecroft declared a disaster due to the humanitarian consequences of insecurity in Iraq. In response, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) plans to provide $1 million to the U.N. Children’s Fund (UNICEF) to support IDPs in Iraq’s Kurdistan Region by distributing emergency relief items, establishing child protection activities, and providing water, sanitation, and hygiene assistance. USAID/OFDA staff members in the city of Erbil, Iraq; Budapest, Hungary; and Washington, D.C., continue to monitor humanitarian conditions in coordination with relief agencies in Iraq.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: January 09, 2017

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