proximately 15 metric tons of USAID A-29 meal replacement bars already in country, which can meet the daily caloric requirements
On August 4, USAID authorized the UN World Food Program (WFP) to utilize for the Iraq Emergency Operation approximately 15 metric tons of USAID A-29 meal replacement bars already in country, which can meet the daily caloric requirements of 31,000 people.

Key Developments

The Government of Iraq Ministry of Migration and Displacement, the Kurdistan Regional Government, UN agencies, and relief organizations continue to plan for large-scale population displacement and related humanitarian needs resulting from a planned military offensive on Ninewa Governorate’s city of Mosul, which is currently controlled by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). The UN estimates that the Mosul offensive could displace up to 1 million people, approximately 700,000 of whom will likely require emergency shelter support.

On September 22, Iraqi Security Forces (ISF) recaptured Salah ad Din Governorate’s Al Shirqat District from ISIL. Relief agencies, including U.S. government (USG) partners, are working to meet the urgent humanitarian needs of civilians affected by the military campaign, including by distributing USAID-funded Rapid Response Mechanism kits— which contain emergency food rations, safe drinking water, and hygiene items—to newly displaced households. Since mid-June, military operations in Al Shirqat and surrounding areas, including Salah ad Din’s Bayji District and Ninewa’s town of Al Qayyarah, have displaced approximately 100,000 people, the International Organization for Migration reports.

Following the ISF recapture of Anbar Governorate’s Fallujah District in June, populations displaced from the district began returning in September, including approximately 230 households who returned from September 17–21. Internally displaced persons are also returning to some areas of Al Qayyarah—recaptured from ISIL in August—despite the town’s lack of basic services and ongoing security concerns.

Insecurity resulted in the deaths of approximately 600 civilians and injuries to an estimated 950 others in September, the UN reports. Conflict has resulted in a total of more than 4,400 civilian deaths countrywide since January.

In FY 2016, the USG provided more than $513.4 million in support for the Iraq humanitarian response, bringing total USG humanitarian assistance for conflict-affected Iraqis to more than $1.1 billion since 2014.










Total U.S. Government (USG) Assistance to the Iraq Humanitarian Response


*These figures are current as of September 14, 2016


Since June 10, the armed group Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) has seized control of several cities in central and northern Iraq, including Mosul—Iraq’s second largest city and home to 2 million people—and Tikrit. The ongoing fighting has prompted thousands of civilians to flee their homes; as of mid-June, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and U.N. reported that approximately 500,000 people fled the violence in Mosul, including approximately 300,000 people who fled to the disputed Iraq’s Kurdistan Region. While the majority of internally displaced persons (IDPs) are staying with host families or have found private accommodations, an increasing number of IDPs are sheltering in camps, open spaces, or empty buildings. Emergency needs among displaced families include shelter, food, fuel, medical services, and access to safe drinking water and sanitation facilities, according to assessments by IOM and local Iraqi Red Crescent Society. Where security permits access, relief agencies are providing emergency assistance and conducting rapid needs assessments; however, the volume of needs, exacerbated by prolonged acute conflict and continued population displacement, merit additional humanitarian resources. The Government of Iraq and the Kurdistan Regional Government have requested assistance to respond to the increasing humanitarian needs.

On June 19, U.S. Ambassador Robert Stephen Beecroft declared a disaster due to the humanitarian consequences of insecurity in Iraq. In response, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) plans to provide $1 million to the U.N. Children’s Fund (UNICEF) to support IDPs in Iraq’s Kurdistan Region by distributing emergency relief items, establishing child protection activities, and providing water, sanitation, and hygiene assistance. USAID/OFDA staff members in the city of Erbil, Iraq; Budapest, Hungary; and Washington, D.C., continue to monitor humanitarian conditions in coordination with relief agencies in Iraq.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: October 11, 2016

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