Iraq

proximately 15 metric tons of USAID A-29 meal replacement bars already in country, which can meet the daily caloric requirements
On August 4, USAID authorized the UN World Food Program (WFP) to utilize for the Iraq Emergency Operation approximately 15 metric tons of USAID A-29 meal replacement bars already in country, which can meet the daily caloric requirements of 31,000 people.

Key Developments

Following the recapture of Anbar Governorate’s city of Fallujah from Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) militants in late June, Iraqi Security Forces are preparing to launch an offensive to recapture Ninewa Governorate’s city of Mosul, which has been under ISIL control since June 2014. Relief organizations, including USG partners, are planning humanitarian response activities for anticipated large-scale population displacement likely to result from the campaign to recapture the city, as well as responding to the needs of the more than 94,000 people displaced since mid-June by military operations in preparation for the offensive.

The Government of Iraq, Kurdistan Regional Government, UN, and other international agencies continue to coordinate plans for humanitarian needs that will likely arise following the Mosul offensive, including identifying sites likely to host internally displaced persons (IDPs). While the UN had confirmed sites with the capacity to host more than 177,000 IDPs as of September 12, relief agencies estimate that an additional 523,000 IDPs from Mosul city may require emergency shelter support. As a result, relief actors are preparing to support alternative shelter solutions, including cash transfer programs for rent assistance and emergency shelter, as well as sealing-off kits to support the construction of temporary living spaces outside of camp settings.

On September 14, U.S. Deputy Secretary of State Antony J. Blinken announced an additional $181 million in support for the Iraq humanitarian response from USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance, USAID's Office of Food for Peace, and U.S. Department of State's Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration, bringing total USG humanitarian assistance for conflict-affected Iraqis to nearly $1.1 billion since 2014. The new USG funding will support the operations of the UN, other international organizations, and non-governmental organizations to address critical humanitarian needs, including support to pre-position emergency relief supplies ahead of the Mosul offensive.

HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO IRAQ TO DATE FROM FY 2014–2016*

USAID/OFDA

$248,934,955

USAID/FFP

$113,643,516

State/PRM

$656,075,051

DoD

$77,357,233

Total U.S. Government (USG) Assistance to the Iraq Humanitarian Response

$1,096,010,755

*These figures are current as of September 14, 2016

Background

Since June 10, the armed group Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) has seized control of several cities in central and northern Iraq, including Mosul—Iraq’s second largest city and home to 2 million people—and Tikrit. The ongoing fighting has prompted thousands of civilians to flee their homes; as of mid-June, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and U.N. reported that approximately 500,000 people fled the violence in Mosul, including approximately 300,000 people who fled to the disputed Iraq’s Kurdistan Region. While the majority of internally displaced persons (IDPs) are staying with host families or have found private accommodations, an increasing number of IDPs are sheltering in camps, open spaces, or empty buildings. Emergency needs among displaced families include shelter, food, fuel, medical services, and access to safe drinking water and sanitation facilities, according to assessments by IOM and local Iraqi Red Crescent Society. Where security permits access, relief agencies are providing emergency assistance and conducting rapid needs assessments; however, the volume of needs, exacerbated by prolonged acute conflict and continued population displacement, merit additional humanitarian resources. The Government of Iraq and the Kurdistan Regional Government have requested assistance to respond to the increasing humanitarian needs.

On June 19, U.S. Ambassador Robert Stephen Beecroft declared a disaster due to the humanitarian consequences of insecurity in Iraq. In response, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) plans to provide $1 million to the U.N. Children’s Fund (UNICEF) to support IDPs in Iraq’s Kurdistan Region by distributing emergency relief items, establishing child protection activities, and providing water, sanitation, and hygiene assistance. USAID/OFDA staff members in the city of Erbil, Iraq; Budapest, Hungary; and Washington, D.C., continue to monitor humanitarian conditions in coordination with relief agencies in Iraq.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: September 27, 2016

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