Iraq

Iraq - UNICEF
Fatima, 10, washes her face at a water tank provided by UNICEF in Tinah Camp on September 5, 2016. USAID has been supporting UNICEF to provide safe drinking water at the displacement camp in Ninewa Governorate to keep families, especially kids, healthy.
UNICEF/Anmar

Latest Iraq Fact Sheet

Arabic fact sheet [pdf, 663kb]

view text version [pdf, 375kb]

Key Developments

Relief agencies and returnees report that several areas of Iraq remain unconducive to returns due to ongoing insecurity, damaged or destroyed housing and infrastructure, and a lack of basic services. Despite these concerns, the Government of Iraq continues to consolidate and close internally displaced person (IDP) camps, in many instances forcing displaced households to relocate from camps, the UN reports.

As of June 30, more than 1.6 million people remained displaced within Iraq, according to the International Organization for Migration. During May and June, nearly 38,300 IDPs returned to areas of origin in Anbar, Baghdad, Diyala, Erbil, Kirkuk, Ninewa, and Salah al-Din governorates. In total, 4.3 million IDPs had returned to areas of origin in Iraq between January 2014 and June 2019, IOM reports.

As of July 22, the USG had provided nearly $232 million in FY 2019 funding to relief agencies to meet the needs of vulnerable populations in Iraq and Iraqi refugees in neighboring countries. Through USG support, partners are providing education, food, health, livelihoods, protection, shelter, and water, sanitation, and hygiene assistance to conflict-affected populations.

 

HUMANITARIAN FUNDING FOR THE IRAQ RESPONSE IN FY 2018-2019*

USAID/OFDA

$398,494,933

USAID/FFP

$31,692,210

State/PRM

$300,650,383

Total USAID and State Assistance to the Iraq Humanitarian Response in FY 2018 - 2019

$730,837,526

*These figures are current as of August 14, 2019

Background

The situation within Iraq remained relatively stable until January 2014, when Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) forces began seizing control of parts of northern and central Iraq. Significant population displacement ensued as civilians fled to areas of relative safety, such as the Iraqi Kurdistan Region, to escape fighting. The ongoing conflict has displaced nearly 3.4 million people within Iraq since early 2014, according to the International Organization for Migration (IOM).

On August 11, 2014, USAID deployed a Disaster Assistance Response Team (DART) to help coordinate USG efforts to address the urgent humanitarian needs of newly displaced populations throughout Iraq. DART and U.S. Department of State Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (State/PRM) staff are working closely with local officials, the international community, and humanitarian actors to identify critical needs and expedite assistance to affected populations. To support the DART, USAID also established a Response Management Team (RMT) based in Washington, D.C.

On October 10, 2016, U.S. Ambassador to Iraq Douglas A. Silliman re-declared a disaster in Iraq for Fiscal Year 2017 due to the ongoing complex emergency and humanitarian crisis.

Although major military operations against ISIS in Iraq have ended, approximately 1.67 million people remain displaced and these Iraqis are among the most vulnerable as many have been displaced for more than three years and will likely face significant challenges returning home. USAID is committed to help them safely return to their communities and will continue to provide assistance to displaced people as well as the increasing number of returnees.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: September 04, 2019

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