Iraq

Iraq - UNICEF
Fatima, 10, washes her face at a water tank provided by UNICEF in Tinah Camp on September 5, 2016. USAID has been supporting UNICEF to provide safe drinking water at the displacement camp in Ninewa Governorate to keep families, especially kids, healthy.
UNICEF/Anmar

Key Developments

Government of Iraq (GoI)-led military efforts to retake Ninewa Governorate’s city of Mosul from the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) remain ongoing. Since the commencement of the Mosul offensive in mid-October 2016, military operations have displaced more than 473,000 people from Mosul to Anbar, Babil, Baghdad, Diyala, Erbil, Ninewa, Qadisiyah, Salah ad Din, Sulaimaniyah, and Wasit governorates, according to U.S. government partner the International Organization for Migration (IOM). The number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) is expected to increase as military operations to combat ISIS continue.

IDP returns to eastern Mosul, which Iraqi Security Forces recaptured from ISIS in late January, increased in early April following a two-month decline, according to IOM. The increased returns are likely the result of a gradual restoration of basic services, including education, electricity, and safe drinking water, as well as the resumption of local markets in eastern Mosul neighborhoods. Approximately 16,600 IDPs from eastern Mosul returned to areas of origin between March 30 and April 13, according to IOM.

Despite recent IDP returns to eastern Mosul, ongoing displacement from western Mosul continues to strain shelter capacity at displacement sites. The GoI and relief agencies maintain 17 displacement sites with the capacity to host approximately 83,000 new arrivals as of early May. Construction is underway at existing sites and new camps to accommodate an additional 135,000 people, according to the Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) Cluster, the coordinating body for humanitarian CCCM activities, comprising UN agencies, non-governmental organizations, and other stakeholders.

HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO IRAQ TO DATE FROM FY 2014–2017*

USAID/OFDA

$316,564,837

USAID/FFP

$138,643,516

State/PRM

$782,953,082

DoD

$77,357,233

Total U.S. Government (USG) Assistance to the Iraq Humanitarian Response

$1,315,518,668

*These figures are current as of May 5, 2017

Background

Since June 10, the armed group Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) has seized control of several cities in central and northern Iraq, including Mosul—Iraq’s second largest city and home to 2 million people—and Tikrit. The ongoing fighting has prompted thousands of civilians to flee their homes; as of mid-June, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and U.N. reported that approximately 500,000 people fled the violence in Mosul, including approximately 300,000 people who fled to the disputed Iraq’s Kurdistan Region. While the majority of internally displaced persons (IDPs) are staying with host families or have found private accommodations, an increasing number of IDPs are sheltering in camps, open spaces, or empty buildings. Emergency needs among displaced families include shelter, food, fuel, medical services, and access to safe drinking water and sanitation facilities, according to assessments by IOM and local Iraqi Red Crescent Society. Where security permits access, relief agencies are providing emergency assistance and conducting rapid needs assessments; however, the volume of needs, exacerbated by prolonged acute conflict and continued population displacement, merit additional humanitarian resources. The Government of Iraq and the Kurdistan Regional Government have requested assistance to respond to the increasing humanitarian needs.

On June 19, U.S. Ambassador Robert Stephen Beecroft declared a disaster due to the humanitarian consequences of insecurity in Iraq. In response, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) plans to provide $1 million to the U.N. Children’s Fund (UNICEF) to support IDPs in Iraq’s Kurdistan Region by distributing emergency relief items, establishing child protection activities, and providing water, sanitation, and hygiene assistance. USAID/OFDA staff members in the city of Erbil, Iraq; Budapest, Hungary; and Washington, D.C., continue to monitor humanitarian conditions in coordination with relief agencies in Iraq.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: May 15, 2017

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