Horn of Africa

Somali refugee father and daughter sit in line at Dadaab refugee camp in Kenya
Somali refugee father and daughter sit in line at Dadaab refugee camp in Kenya.
Tosco/Oxfam/AFP

Latest Horn of
Africa Fact Sheet

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Key Developments

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) is responding to the complex emergency in the Horn of Africa region, including in EthiopiaKenya, and Somalia.

On May 24, the U.S. Government announced more than $64 million in new humanitarian assistance for drought-and conflict-affected Somalis. The new assistance includes $30.4 million from USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance, more than $5.6 million from USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP), and $28.1 million from U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration to meet emergency food, nutrition, health, and water, sanitation, and hygiene needs for internally displaced persons and other vulnerable communities in Somalia and Somali refugees in the region.

The UK, Federal Government of Somalia, UN, and African Union hosted a London Conference on Somalia on May 11, which was attended by representatives from at least 30 countries, including a U.S. delegation led by Secretary of Defense James Mattis and Under Secretary of State Thomas A. Shannon. Participants discussed efforts to avert Famine in Somalia, among other issues related to the economic, political, and security situation in the country.

Although the Horn of Africa region remains predominantly dry, early-May rainfall replenished some water sources, particularly in parts of Ethiopia and Kenya. Localized areas of Kenya and Somalia have also experienced flash flooding, which has prevented late-season re-planting for Somalia’s primary agricultural season and displaced nearly 25,000 people across 13 counties of Kenya.

The Government of Ethiopia-led assessment of February-to-June belg rainfall and associated humanitarian needs is scheduled to begin in late May to inform a mid-year revision of the 2017 Humanitarian Requirements Document.

USAID/FFP recently contributed 29,650 metric tons of U.S.-procured, in-kind food assistance—valued at approximately $16 million—to support drought-affected populations in Ethiopia.

Through nearly $1.3 billion in ongoing FY 2016 and FY 2017 support from USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance, USAID’s Office of Food for Peace, and U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration, relief actors are responding to critical needs for emergency food, health, livelihoods, nutrition, protection, and water, sanitation, and hygiene assistance among internally displaced persons, host communities, and refugees affected by drought and conflict in the region.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: May 25, 2017

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