Horn of Africa

Somali refugee father and daughter sit in line at Dadaab refugee camp in Kenya
Somali refugee father and daughter sit in line at Dadaab refugee camp in Kenya.
Tosco/Oxfam/AFP

Latest Horn of
Africa Fact Sheet

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Key Developments

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) is responding to the complex emergency in the Horn of Africa region, including in EthiopiaKenya, and Somalia.

Between January and August, relief organizations recorded approximately 975,000 new internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Somalia, with drought contributing to the displacement of more than 800,000 of the IDPs, according to the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees.

Relief organizations and international media have reported the displacement of thousands of people in Ethiopia’s Oromiya and Somali regions in recent weeks, following conflict in border areas between the two regions. Displacement and casualty figures remain difficult to verify due to the fluid security situation and limited humanitarian access. Relief agencies are coordinating with Government of Ethiopia authorities to identify areas of displacement and critical humanitarian needs.

In September, the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration reported an increased likelihood that a La Niña climatic event could develop by late 2017. Historically, La Niña events are associated with below-average October-to-December deyr rains over the Horn of Africa, according to the USAID-funded Famine Early Warning Systems Network.

In FY 2017, the U.S. government (USG) provided more than $1 billion in multi-sector humanitarian assistance for the the Horn of Africa regional response, including approximately $235.3 million from USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance, nearly $631.5 million from USAID’s Office of Food for Peace, and more than $174.1 million from U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: October 16, 2017

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