Ethiopia Water
In Ethiopia, women and girls may have to walk hours or days to find clean drinking water for their households. USAID rehabilitates water points, supplying life-saving access to clean drinking water in a country where over 5 million people are in need.
Kelley Lynch

Latest Horn of Africa Fact Sheet

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Key Developments

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) is responding to the complex emergency in the Horn of Africa region, including in EthiopiaKenya, and Somalia.

Below-average rainfall, significantly reduced agricultural harvests, and overall limited access to food are exacerbating food insecurity, adversely affecting access to water and pasture for livestock, and generating significant needs in drought-affected areas in the Horn of Africa region, particularly in Ethiopia, Kenya, and Somalia. Current trends are expected to continue through mid-2017. Government stakeholders and relief agencies are assessing humanitarian conditions and responding to urgent needs across the region.

The USAID-funded Famine Early Warning Systems Network and the Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit for Somalia estimate that more than 2.9 million people across Somalia face Crisis—IPC 3—or Emergency—IPC 4—levels of acute food insecurity through June, bringing the total acutely food-insecure population in the country to 6.2 million people. Somalia is experiencing an increasingly severe drought and related impacts on water availability, food accessibility, nutrition, and agricultural, pastoral, and agro-pastoral livelihoods. The likelihood of famine is expected to increase in the coming months if the April-to-June gu rains are below average, purchasing power continues to decline, and humanitarian actors are unable to reach populations in need.

In FY 2016, the U.S. Government (USG) contributed nearly $855 million to support relief interventions in the Horn of Africa. To date in FY 2017, USAID's Office of Food for Peace has provided an estimated $171 million of food assistance for drought-affected and foodinsecure people in Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, and Somalia. USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance has committed nearly $8.7 million in FY 2017 to address immediate agriculture, food security, health, nutrition, and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) needs in Ethiopia. U.S. Department of State's Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration has contributed $2.3 million to the International Organization for Migration revised regional appeal for the Yemen response in Ethiopia and Djibouti.

Please visit our Horn of Africa web page for additional information.


Following consecutive seasons of unfavorable rainfall and harvests in 2010 and 2011, Ethiopia experienced localized precipitation shortages during the February-to-May 2012 belg rainy season in 2012, which hindered recovery for populations that experienced significant food insecurity and malnutrition in 2011. Drought is a major contributor to vulnerability in Ethiopia, as resulting crop and livestock losses have a profoundly negative impact on the lives and livelihoods of farmers and pastoralists.

Populations continue to confront several other challenges—including seasonal flooding, localized inter-communal conflict, above-average food prices, disease outbreaks, and limited access to health and WASH services—that contributed to sustained humanitarian needs and an ongoing complex emergency in Ethiopia.

Last updated: February 21, 2017

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