Ethiopia Water
In Ethiopia, women and girls may have to walk hours or days to find clean drinking water for their households. USAID rehabilitates water points, supplying life-saving access to clean drinking water to drought-affected households.
Kelley Lynch

Latest Ethiopia Fact Sheet

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Key Developments

Renewed intercommunal violence and clashes throughout Ethiopia in recent months have killed and displaced civilians, damaged public and commercial infrastructure, and disrupted the provision of basic services. While fighting has subsided in some areas, relief agencies continue to report fluid population movements. The Government of Ethiopia and humanitarian organizations—including U.S. Government (USG) partners— are providing emergency multi-sector assistance in response to acute needs of newly displaced and other affected populations.

In FY 2018, the USG contributed more than $481.5 million in funding for humanitarian response activities in Ethiopia. The total funding—comprising nearly $52.9 million from USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance, more than $329.5 million from USAID's Office of Food for Peace, and approximately $99.1 million from U.S. Department of State's Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration—is supporting emergency food assistance and multi-sector interventions for conflict-and drought-affected populations, including internally displaced persons, refugees from neighboring countries, and other vulnerable individuals.

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) is responding to the complex emergency in the Horn of Africa region, including in EthiopiaKenya, and Somalia

Please visit our Horn of Africa web page for additional information.


Ethiopia is experiencing its second severe drought in less than two years. Insufficient rainfall during the 2017 rainy season has led to severe water shortages, catastrophic livestock losses, and failed crops throughout the country. The drought in southern Ethiopia comes as the country’s north and central highland communities continue to recover from a severe drought in 2016 triggered by multiple consecutive seasons of below-average rainfall and the effects of the 2015/2016 El Niño climatic event. In August 2017, the Government of Ethiopia estimated that 8.5 million people in the country would require humanitarian assistance through December, primarily due to increased drought-related needs in southern and southeastern parts of Ethiopia.

In addition to drought, populations across Ethiopia face other challenges that contribute to sustained humanitarian needs and an ongoing complex emergency—including above-average food prices, disease outbreaks, localized intercommunal conflict, seasonal flooding, and limited access to health and water, sanitation, and hygiene services.


Last updated: November 09, 2018

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