Ethiopia Water
In Ethiopia, women and girls may have to walk hours or days to find clean drinking water for their households. USAID rehabilitates water points, supplying life-saving access to clean drinking water to drought-affected households.
Kelley Lynch

Latest Ethiopia Fact Sheet

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Key Developments

Humanitarian actors appealed for more than $400 million in immediate resources to sustain emergency response activities in Ethiopia through July, according to an alert jointly published by the Government of Ethiopia National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC) and the UN on December 29.

The NDRMC reported that conflict in border areas between Oromiya and Somali regions since late August had displaced an estimated 857,000 people in the two regions as of late December.

Food security is projected to deteriorate through mid-2018 in southeastern Ethiopia, with parts of Somali—including Afder, Dollo, Jarar, Korahe, and Liben zones—most severely affected, according to the Famine Early Warning Systems Network.


Ethiopia is experiencing its second severe drought in less than two years. Insufficient rainfall during the 2017 rainy season has led to severe water shortages, catastrophic livestock losses, and failed crops throughout the country. The drought in southern Ethiopia comes as the country’s north and central highland communities continue to recover from a severe drought in 2016 triggered by multiple consecutive seasons of below-average rainfall and the effects of the 2015/2016 El Niño climatic event. In August 2017, the Government of Ethiopia estimated that 8.5 million people in the country would require humanitarian assistance through December, primarily due to increased drought-related needs in southern and southeastern parts of Ethiopia.

In addition to drought, populations across Ethiopia face other challenges that contribute to sustained humanitarian needs and an ongoing complex emergency—including above-average food prices, disease outbreaks, localized intercommunal conflict, seasonal flooding, and limited access to health and water, sanitation, and hygiene services.

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) is responding to the complex emergency in the Horn of Africa region, including in EthiopiaKenya, and Somalia

Last updated: January 18, 2018

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